Arunachal Pradesh has 12 industrial estates located in different districts and spread over a total area of 51.9 hectare. These industrial estates have been developed in land-areas ranging from 4,540 to 202,342.8 square metres, with the primary objective of growth and development of small scale industries. Moreover, in order to attract more investments the government is providing financial assistance and monitoring to food processing units under scheme for Technology Upgradation/ Establishment / Modernization, given the companies satisfy some eligibility criteria.

Notified Industrial Estates

Location District Area (sq m)
Deomali Tirap 18,360
Khonsa Tirap 4,540
Pasighat East Siang 80,080
Tawang Tawang 28,665
Tippi West Kameng 27,961.32
Wanghoo West Kameng 60,705
Naharlagun Papumpare 32,376
Chandranagar Papumpare 16,188
Namsai Lohit 16,188
Changlang town Changlang 11,372
Khachang Changlang 20,025
Bam West Siang 202,325


Agriculture and Forest Based Industries

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Arunachal Pradesh. It is mainly depended on 'jhum' cultivation. The state’s agriculture and allied sectors have growth rates that are three times the national average. The state is largest producer of kiwis in India and the second largest producer of large cardamom. The state also has various inland fisheries resources. In 2017-18 total horticulture production reached 210.15 thousand metric tonnes. In April 2017, the Arunachal Pradesh government launched the ‘State Organic Mission’ to make the state an organic farming hub. Major agro and forest based industries in the state are related to tea, fruit, non-timber and plywood industries. Around two-thirds of the state’s population is dependent on climate sensitive natural resources such as agriculture, forest, and biodiversity and water availability. Non-timber based industries include bamboo, cane, rubber and medicinal plants.

Crop Annual production – 2017-18 (‘000 metric tonnes)
Fruits 125.34
Vegetables 14.57
Plantation 0.10
Aromatic & medicinal plants 0.99
Flowers (Cut, loose) 0.08
Spices 69.06

Major Fruits Estimated Production (2017-18):-

Item Area (Hectare) Production
( in MT)
Productivity (per Hectare) Places of Cultivation
Apple 8403 9474 7.50 Tawang, West Kameng, East Kameng, Lower Subansiri
Pineapple 7913 36310 13.00 West Siang, East Siang, Upper Siang, Changlang, Upper Sunbansiri
Banana 4914 14817 15.00 East Siang, West Siang, changlang Upper Siang
Walnut 3516 58 0.60 Tawang, Bomdila
Kiwi 190 62 8.00 Tawang, Bomdila,Ziro
Citrus 23360 27251 8.00 Anini, Roing,Lohit,Changlang,Tirap Papum pare
Large Cardamom 4142 572 0.50 Bomdila, East Siang, Papum Pare, West Siang, Lohit, Tirap,Ziro
Black Pepper 1612 133 0.90 Lohit, Roing, Tirap
Ginger 7618 36666 12.00 Anini, Roing, Lohit, Tirap, Aalo,Pasighat
Orange 7500 20250 2.70 West Siang, East Siang, Upper Siang, Tirap etc.


Tourism has grown rapidly in the recent years with eco and adventure tourism, cultural and religious tourism being the major areas of interest. Major sports of interest to travellers include angling, boating, rafting, trekking and hiking. Arunachal Pradesh is an “Orchid Paradise”, accounting for 601 species of orchids, or 52 per cent of the species known in India. Various orchid centres are situated in Itanagar, Tipi, Sessa, Dirang, Jengging, Roing, which have a good germ-plasm collection of nearly 400 species of orchids as well as hybrids. An orchid research centre has been established at Tipi to promote orchid conservation, research and development. Tourist arrivals are estimated to have grown by 20 per cent. The inception of railways in the state is expected to boost tourist arrivals.

Textiles and Handicrafts

Textile is a grass-root industry in Arunachal Pradesh and provides employment, mainly to women. Most of the units are home-based and have a small scale of operations. The state boasts of an enriching array of unique and appealing handloom designs from each of its tribes. The products include skirts (gale), shirts (galuk), cotton shawls, side bags, and curtain cloth.

Carpet making is one of the important occupations in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, Changlang and Upper Siang. The state’s carpets have received national and international repute due to their quality. The carpet weaving industry is promoted through the Government craft centre. Under the ‘North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme’, 24 sericulture projects are being implemented in for holistic development of sericulture in the state. The projects have been approved for implementation from FY15-19 with a cost of Rs 920.78 crore (US$ 127.4 million). Raw silk production in the state reached 46 metric tonnes in 2017-18 (up to November 2017).

Mineral Based Industries

Arunachal Pradesh has considerable mineral reserves & preliminary studies have highlighted economic mineral deposits in considerable quantity.

Major mineral estimated production (2017-18):

Minerals Location District

Estimated Reserves (Million Ton)

Coal Namchik-Nampuk Changlang 84.23
Dolomite Rupa West Kameng 143.00
Kaspi West Kameng 11.13
Limestone Tidding Lohit 140.00
Pangin East Siang 225.00
Hunli Dibang Valley 13.35
Menga Upper Subansiri 0.70
Graphite Bopi Lohit 2.46
Khetabari Dibang Valley 13.35
Taliha Upper Subansiri 0.70
Marble Tezu Lohit 30.30
Dora Lohit 43.30
Hunli Dibang Valley 2.34
Pyuli Dibang Valley 0.18
Ferro-Silicon Quartzite Kalaktang West Kameng 1.25
Oil & Gas Kharsasng & Diyun Changlang Not Estimated
Lead & Zinc Shergoan West Kameng Not Estimated

Hydro Power Potential

Arunachal Pradesh is endowed with economically exploitable and viable hydro potential assessed to be about 57,000 MW at 60% load factor. The hydro potential sites are identified in basin wise with the maximum potential in Siang of 17,308MW. Out of the total identified hydro potential sites in Arunachal Pradesh, 45% i.e. 25,800MW has already been allotted to CPSUs and Private Parties. That means about 55% of total hydro potential sites are yet to be explored and tapped.

The hydro potential of Arunachal Pradesh is as tabulated below:

Name of River Basin Total Hydro Potential (in MW) Total Hydro potentials allotted to CPSUs/Private Parties (in MW)
Tawang 2057 1982
Kameng 6183 3602
Subansiri 12123 125
Dikrong 560 200
Siang 17308 5610
Dibang 10977 8387
Lohit 7679.5 5816.5
Tirap 140 140
Total 57027.5 25862.5

Hydro Initiative

HPDCAPL being the only hydropower corporation of GoAP, has initiated to develop hydropower in the state in holistic approach. The corporation has made an effort with MNRE, GOI, Delhi for development of hydro power station particularly in Pico, Micro, Mini and Small Hydel Project in the state to achieve the central & state government mission to provide electricity in rural and remote areas. Keeping in mind, the mission of central and state mission, HPDCAPL has taken the following initiatives which are under active consideration.

  • Signed MOU with M/s WEBCOS, Delhi on providing consultancy services for development of hydro power development in the state.

  • Preparation of Master plan of total Hydro Potential in the state both identified and left out rivers. The master plan of hydro potential will give user the exact picture of hydro potential with the pre feasibility report in terms of technical, economical and social factors. This report will help private developer to choose the best project as per their budgetary provision.

  • Developing Pico Hydel Projects (1KW to 5KW) of about 30Nos. subsidized by MNRE to be implemented in the state wherever feasible. This scheme will help the state to give electricity to the needy villagers particularly situated in remote and far flung areas.

    Thrust Areas for Industrial Development:

    The following sectors have been identified as thrust sector as they have maximum potential for development in the state. These sectors are as follows:

    1. Industries based on agricultural, horticultural and plantation produce.

    2. Industries based on non-timber forest produce: bamboo, cane (rattan), medicinal plants / herbs, aromatic grass, tea, coffee etc.

    3.Industries based on locally available raw materials except timber.

    4. Textiles (handlooms and power looms), Handicrafts and Sericulture.

    5.Electronics and IT based Enterprises.

    6. Mineral Based Industries ( eg. Ferro-alloys, Cement Plant etc.)

    7. Facilitation and Development of Industrial Infrastructure including Power, Communications etc. under Public Private Partnership (PPP).

    8.Food Processing Industries.

    9. Engineering and Allied Industries (Rolling Mill,Steel etc).

    10. Tourism (tourism infrastructure including resorts, hotels, restaurants etc).