AGRICULTURE

Figure at a Glance

Total Cropped Area, 2014-15 (hect.)
4082594
Net Area Shown, 2014-15 (hect.)
2827324
Area under non-agricultural uses, 2014-15 (hect.)
2460317
Fallow land, 2014-15 (hect.)
174726

Source: Statistical Hand Book of Assam 2016

Agriculture and allied activities play a vital role in the socio-economic development of Assam. Agriculture is seen as the backbone of the State’s economy and is a predominant contributor to the overall development of the State. This sector contributes Rs. 24,740 Crores to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of the state (as of 2015-16). The state has a net cultivable area of 28.11 lakh hectares, of which 88 percent is available for cultivation.

Agriculture acts as a key source of occupation and livelihood to a large proportion of its rural population. It supports directly or indirectly more than 75 percent of Assam’s population, also offering employment and support to more than 50 percent of its total workforce. More than 85 percent of farmer families in Assam are either small or marginal farmers, with an average land holding of 0.63 hectares.

The percentage-wise composition of area under major crops in Assam is:

Cereals : 80.8%
Fibres : 9.6%
Oilseeds : 3.3%
Pulses : 3.1%
Misc.Crops : 3.2%

Horticultural Crops:
Citrus fruits, Pineapples, Peaches, Plums, Pears, Apples, Apricots, Walnuts, Arecanuts and a variety of vegetables.

Spice Crops:
Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Cardamom and Cinnamon.

Indigenous Crops:
Sericulture, Aromatic Plants, Medicinal Plants, Orchids and Ramie fibre.

Plantation Crops:
Tea, Rubber and Forest trees of economic importance including fodder and fuel trees, cane and bamboo.

Figures At a Glance 2015-16

Number of Small Tea Growers (upto 10.12 hect.), 2016 84577
Number of Big Growers (above 10.12 hect.), 2016 767
Area under Small Growers, 2016 (in hect.) 78203
Area under Big Growers, 2016 (in hect.) 226197
Production of Tea under Small Growers, 2015
(in `000 Kg)
139491
Production of Tea under Big Growers, 2015
(in `000 Kg)
386694
Area under Coffee plantation, 2015-16 (in hect.) 1119.00
Production of Coffee, 2015-16 (in MT) 41.50
Area under Rubber plantation, 2015-16 (in hect.) 55989.71
Production of Rubber, 2015-16 (in MT) 16399.63

Source: Statistical Hand Book of Assam 2016

 

Trend Of Growth Of Agricultural
Sector [GSDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices]
(Figure in percentage)

Years
Contribution to
GSDP
(Figure in Rs. Lakh)
Annual Growth
Rate over the
previous year
2011-12
2061487
608
2012-13
2496905
21.12
2013-14
2372688
- 4.97
2014-15(P)
2373106
0.02
2015-16 (Q)
2474086
4.26

Source: Economic Survey Assam,2016-17

The Agriculture Department of Assam have been working on methodical use of available resources for increasing production of agricultural and horticultural crops by using best technologies available. Formulation of State and District-specific plans based on prevailing agro-climatic conditions, focus on use of quality and High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds, embracement of multi-cropping productivity patterns, provision of assured irrigation facilities, use of advanced farm mechanization procedures, specific use of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides, practices of organic farming, and development of marketing infrastructure for encouraging the farming community, are some of the measures adopted by the department.

Trend of Production of Foodgrains in Assam
(Figure in ‘000 tonnes)

Year Total Rice Wheat
Total
Pulses
Total Food
grains
Total oilseeds
(excel, Coconut)
2001-02
3854 85 66 4023 156
2002-03 3738 78 60 3894 149
2003-04 3880 73 63 4034 157
2004-05 3470 68 61 3617 146
2005-06 3552 54 56 3680 114
2006-07 2916 67 59 3060 134
2007-08 3319 71 61 3468 139
2008-09 4009 55 62 4142 141
2009-10 4409 65 66 4557 147
2010-11 5033 56 72 5178 159
2011-12 4716 49 73 4857 156
2012-13 5128 44 84 5279 187
2013-14 5193 40 104 5418 186
2014-15 5223 29 111 5459 206
2015-16(p) 5125 34 108 5359 215

Source:
Economic Survey, Assam 2016-17


Area Under Crops

According to recent estimates, the total area under paddy cultivation during the year 2015-16 was 24.85 lakh hectares or 92.96 percent of the total area under food grains in the state.

AREA UNDER CROPS IN ASSAM DURING THE PERIOD 2004-05 to 2015-16

(In lakh hectares)

Year Autumn Rice Winter Rice Summer Rice Total Rice* Wheat Total Pulses Total Food Grains Total Oil seeds (excl. Coconut)
2004-05 4.36 16.36 3.11 23.83 0.64 1.08 25.82 2.77
2005-06 3.97 17.07 3.15 24.20 0.50 1.00 25.97 2.42
2006-07 3.79 14.98 3.12 21.89 0.60 1.07 23.82 2.70
2007-08 3.54 16.47 3.23 23.24 0.56 1.13 25.18 2.66
2008-09 3.54 16.47 3.23 24.84 0.50 1.14 26.70 2.53
2009-10 3.46 17.89 3.60 24.84 0.50 1.14 26.70 2.53
2010-11 3.13 18.59 3.99 25.71 0.45 1.26 27.67 2.72
2012-13 2.38 18.57 3.93 24.88 0.34 1.42 26.92 3.05
2013-14 2.23 18.81 3.99 25.03 0.31 1.50 27.13 3.05
2014-15 1.96 18.83 4.16 24.95 0.24 1.48 27.00 3.07
2015-16 1.91 18.89 4.05 24.85 O.21 1.42 26.73 3.11

Source: Economic Survey, Assam 2016-17

Livestock

Figure At A Glance

Total Cattle as per Live Stock Census, 2012 (in nos.)
10307604
Total Buffalo as per Live Stock Census, 2012
435265
Total Livestock as per Live Stock Census, 2012 (in nos.)
19080304
Total Poultry as per Live Stock Census, 2012 (in nos.)
26018611
Production of Milk (in million litres) 2015-16
888
Production of Egg (in million nos.) 2015-16
474
Production of Meat (in `000 tonne) 2015-16
44.81

Source: Statistical Hand Book of Assam 2016

Production of Milk, Egg and Meat in Assam

Year Milk
(Million Litres)
Egg
(Million Nos.)
Meat
(‘000 tonnes)
2007-2008 824 490 29.00
2008-2009 827 466 30.70
2009-2010 830 468 31.59
2010-2011 833 470 33.83
2011-2012 839 471 34.19
2012-2013 845 471 36.63
2013-2014 857 472 38.34
2014-2015 873 473 42.54
2015-2016 888 474 44.81

Source: Statistical Hand Book of Assam 2016

Fishery

Figure At A Glance 2015-16

No. of Registered Beel Fisheries
1197
under Registered Beel Fisheries (Hect.)
100815
Ponds and Tanks (Nos.)
373501
Area under Ponds and Tanks (Hect.)
61430
Area under River Fisheries (Km.)
4820
Area under Forest Fisheries (Hect.)
5017
Production of Fish Seeds (Million Nos.) [Govt.+Private]
5678.39
Production of Fish (Tonne)
294200

Source: Statistical Hand Book of Assam 2016