At a glance    
Total Area (Sq Km) : 78,438 (30% of area of North East)
Rural area : 77476 (98.7% of total area of Assam)
Urban area : 962 (1.3% of total area of Assam)
Geographical Location : Longitude - 89.420E to 96.00E, Latitude - 24.50N to 28.00N
Capital : Dispur (Guwahati)
Population : 311,69,272 (2011 Census) (68.37% of population of Northeast)
Male :

1,59,54,927

Female :

1,52,14,345

Growth of Population : 16.9 % (2001-2011)
Density of Population (2011) : 397 (National Average: 382)
Sex Ratio (2011 Census) : 954 females to 1000 males  ( National figure: 940 females to 1000 males)

Child Sex Ratio (Age Group 0-6)

:

957 (2011 Census)

Proportion of Child Population (Age group 0-6)

:

14.5 % (2011 Census)

Hindu : 1, 72, 96,455 (2001 Census)
Muslim : 82, 40,611 (2001 Census)
Christians : 9, 86,589 (2001 Census)
Sikhs : 22,519 (2001 Census)
Buddhists : 51029 (2001 Census)
Jains : 23,957 (2001 Census)
Literacy Rate (2011) : 72.19% (National Average: 73%)

Male Literacy (2011)

:

78.8% (National Average: 82.14%)

Female Literacy (2011)

:

67.3% (National Average: 65.5%)

Per Capita income (in Rs) (2009-10) : 20,279 (National Average: Rs. 33,731 )
Net State Domestic Product (Rs. in crore) (2011-12) : 103559 (National Average: 74,10,578)
Per Capita NSDP (2010-11) : Rs. 30413 (National Figure: Rs. 54835 )
Per Capita GSDP (2009-10) : Rs. 27464 (National Average: Rs. 46117 )
Birth Rate (2010) : 23.2 (National Average: 22.1)
Death Rate (2010) : 8.2 (National Average: 7.2)
Infant Mortality Rate (2011) : 55 (National Average: 44)
No. of Villages (as per 2011 Census) : 26395
No. of Towns (as per 2011 Census) : 214
Population below poverty line (2009-2010) : 37.9% (National Average: 29.8%)
Languages : Assamese, Hindi, Bengali, Bodo, Mising
State Bird : White-winged Wood Duck
State Animal : One-horned Rhino
State Flower : Fox-tailed Orchid
No. of Districts : (27) Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sivasagar, Dhemaji, Jorhat, Lakhimpur, Golaghat, Sonitpur, Karbi Anglong, Nagaon, Marigaon, Darrang, Kamrup Rural, Nalbari, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Dhubri, North Cachar Hills, Cachar, Hailakandi, Karimganj, Kamrup Metropolitan, Baksa, Chirang, Udalguri. 
Major Towns : Guwahati, Kokrajhar, Nalbari, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Goalpara, Nagaon, Tezpur, Diphu, Sivasagar, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tinisukia, Lakhimpur
Major crops : Rice, Maize, Wheat, Jute, Cotton, Sugar cane, Arecanut, Coconut
Major plantations : Tea, Rubber, Coffee
Major Fruits, vegetables & spices : Banana, Pineapple, Orange, Potato, Sweet potato, Papaya, Cabbage, Onion, Tapioca
Major minerals : Coal, Limestone, Petroleum, Granite, Sillimanite, Iron ore, Quartzite, Feldspar, Clay
Airports : Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Salnibari, Roroia, Mohanabari, Lilabari, Kumbhirgram

Source:

  • censusindia.gov.in
  • Directorate of Economic & Statistics of respective State Governments, and for All-India -Central Statistics Office