TRANSPORTATION

Any kind of industrial investment needs adequate and well-equipped infrastructure facilities. Assam has been relentlessly developing the required infrastructure to achieve the aim of being the gateway to the South- East Asia. The major modes of transportation in Assam are Roadways, Railways, Airways and Inland Waterways.

AIRWAYS

Assam’s air connectivity with the rest of India is comparatively up to the mark and the state is well connected with the rest of the country through Air Transport. There are regular air services for New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Agartala, Imphal, Dimapur, Aizwal, Bagdogra. Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Lilabari, Tezpur from Guwahati. Dibrugarh, Jorhat, and Tezpur are also connected to Kolkata by regular flights. Guwahati is also connected to various places of Arunachal Pradesh & Shillong by Helicopter services. The State boasts of having the highest numbers of operational civil airports in the Northeast and these are located at Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, North Lakhimpur, and Silchar. The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati is the only International
Airport present in North-East India.

Airports:
Lokopriyo Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati.
Salonibari Airport, Tezpur
Mohanbari Airport, Dibrugarh
Rowriah Airport, Jorhat
Lilabari Airport, Lakhimpur
Kumbhigram Airport, Silchar


RAILWAYS

Assam is well connected to other parts of the country with a railway network spanning approximately 2442.57 kms.Out of this 2442.57 Km., 2400.85 Km. falls under Broad Gauge and 41.72 Km. under Meter Gauge. The headquarters of the North-East Frontier Railway (NFR) is located at Guwahati. All the major towns of the state like Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Nagoan, Tezpur, Bangigaon etc are linked with railways. The Railways run a number of inter-State trains linking Guwahati and Dibrugarh with other important places of the country, such as Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Thiruvanthapuram, Bangaluru, Cochin, etc. The Bogibeel bridge, which will be the longest railway bridge in the country, is under construction. The Bogibeel rail-cum-road bridge will be the fourth bridge across the Brahamaputra river. The Sarighat and Naranarayan Setu are other two Rail-cum-road bridges in the state while the Kaliabhomora is only a road bridge.


The ongoing railway projects, Bogibeel rail cum Road Bridge is under way and gauge conversion of Lumding Silchar Jiribam has been completed. Badarpur to Baraigram Kumarghat, Rangia Murkongselek, Bhairabi Sairang projects are declared as national projects and the works are going on. The construction of 19.75 Km. railway stretch connecting Dudhnoi (Assam) Mendipathar (Meghalaya) and construction of new Broad Gauge lines connecting Harmuti (Assam) and Naharlagun (Arunachal Pradesh) 20 Km has been completed and New Mainaguri to Jogighopa (257 Km.), New Jalpaiguri Siliguri New Bongaigaon (433 Km.) are in progress.



ROAD NETWORK IN ASSAM (in km)

Item
2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Surfaced Road* 21200 22700 23747 23948 25546
Unsurfaced Road 24300 22800 21753 20914 193167
National Highway 2848 3069 3069 3834.68 3862.53
State Highway 3134 3134 3134 2530 2530
Major District Road 4413 4413 4413 4379 4379
Rural Road 36544 36544 36544 36544 36544
Urban Road 1409 1409 1409 1409 1409

*Excluding National Highways


ROADWAYS

The road network in Assam consists of total 58202 Km. of roads consisting of 3862.54 Km. National Highways, 2530 Km. State Highways, 4379 Km. Major District roads, 1409 Km. Urban roads, 36544 Km. Rural Roads and the rest are Panchayats & Other Non PWD Roads.

District-wise and Category-wise Length of Roads in Assam (2006-2007) (in Km)

District State Highway Major District Road Rural Road Urban Road Total
Dhubri 35 49 821 31 937
Kokrajhar 127 101 724 16 968
Bongaigaon 41 308 603 39 990
Goalpara 32 76 789 10 907
Barpeta 131 183 976 31 1322
Nalbari 180 142 1087 18 1427
Kamrup 73 323 1671 370 2436
Darrang 234 330 1858 16 2437
Sonitpur 44 316 1833 59 2252
Lakhimpur 118 71 763 44 996
Dhemaji 39 89 1088 7 1223
Morigaon 115 26 881 Nil 1022
Nagaon 190 336 1696 53 2274
Golaghat 90 120 1367 33 1610
Jorhat 137 82 1464 86 1770
Sibsagar 229 180 1348 40 1797
Dibrugarh 315 80 1104 55 1553
Tinsukia 35 302 664 66 1067
Karbi Anglong 313 406 3401 66 4285
N.C. Hills 221 85 1118 76 1500
Karimganj Nil 157 681 19 856
Hailakandi 46 8 331 6 391
Cachar 75 60 707 35 877
Total 2819 3828 26976 1177 34801


WATERWAYS

Assam is a water-rich state with extensive navigable waterways. The Brahmaputra and Barak are the longest and most important rivers in the state. They have numerous tributaries. The total length of the riverine system in the state is 4065 km, out of which 2194 km area navigable throughout the year and the rest during the monsoon only. The Government of India declared the river Brahmaputra from Dhubri to Sadiya as National Waterway No-2 on 1st September 1988. The Directorate of Inland Water Transport, Assam and CIWTC operate water transport services on a commercial basis through the river Brahmaputra and Barak.

Two Government owned organizations of Assam namely, Central Inland Waterways Corporation and Directorate of Inland Water Transport (IWT), operate the water transport services on the river Brahmaputra and Barak on a commercial basis. The Brahmaputra has several small river ports and more than thirty pairs of ferry ghats on the Brahmaputra transporting both passengers and cargo. However, owing to the scarcity of serviceable vessels under the department most of the ferry services often suffer problems in their smooth operation. Currently, the Directorate of Inland Water Transport is operating 85 (eighty-five) ferry services under 3(three) IWT Divisions on the river Barak, the Brahmaputra and its tributaries.

Contribution of Transport & Communication Sector to State Economy [GSDP at constant (2011-12) Prices]
Figures in percentage

Year Contribution to GSDP
2011-12 5.66
2012-13 6.04
2013-14 11.00
2014-15(P) 6.61
2015-16(Q) 11.17

P: Provisional; Q: Quick

Source:Economic Survey Assam 2016-17

Routes of Commercial Service:

Guwahati-Calcutta-Guwahati.
Guwahati-Sirajganj-Guwahati.
Guwahati-Narayanganj-Guwahati.
Karimganj-Calcutta-Karimganj.