The various issues that were raised
during the workshop were:
• There is a need for sensitization of police
officers coming from an area not hit by left-wing extremism
to an area hit by left-wing extremism. As those officers
are not much aware of the actual ground situation in
such areas, so sensitization becomes very necessary
to make them able to handle the situation and tackle
• There is a need for creation of a mechanism
for redressing grievances of the common people as well
as of the security forces.
• The Union government should advice the state
governments on taking immediate steps for bringing out
land reforms. Though land reforms are a state subject,
still the centre can play the advisory role.
• Land reforms need to be area specific and community
specific and the existing land ceiling laws should be
taken into account while bringing out the reforms.
• Whenever people are displaced from their lands
for setting up of some industrial projects, it should
be ensured that the land-losing people are provided
with some means of livelihood.
• The emotional, cultural and religious sentiments
of the people should be assessed before they are resettled
and rehabilitated in some other place.
• SPOs are doing good work in most of the left-wing
extremism-hit states. As such their use to curb extremism
should be continued. Also it provides employment to
the local youths. If these youths are not recruited
as SPOs and they remain unemployed, they will join the
extremists’ ranks. As such it is very much necessary
to keep them on the side of the government.
• Once the problem of extremism problem is solved,
the SPOs should not be discharged from service. They
should be made a part of the police force and their
job be regularized.
• The word “Naxalism” can be replaced
with the term “Left Wing Extremism”.
• The effect of extremism on national highways
needs to be addressed.
• The states, districts, police stations and
various agencies dealing with the extremism issue need
to be strengthened.
• The police needs to be sensitized on gender
issues. For this, cases involving abuse of women could
be given priority and prompt investigations should follow.
• The leadership should be fair, level and without
political connotations. This will help in establishing
good governance. Need for good governance was emphasised
again and again by the participants.
• A humane approach towards solving extremism
has to be taken. It has to be ensured that the security
forces don’t abuse human rights during counter-insurgency
• Atrocities and rights violence committed by
non-state actors are not much highlighted. Rights groups
should be sensitized to take up these issues.
• The recruitment process of the police force
has to be monitored. There have been cases where police
personnel are found to be indulging in criminal activities.
As such, steps for a proper, fair and transparent recruitment
process for the police force is very much necessary.
• Petty crimes need to be dealt with in the extremist
affected areas. Police in such areas give more priority
to Naxal-related incidents and the petty crimes remain
unchecked. This has to change.
• The data relating to the number of respondents
(majority /minority) need to be quantified.
• There is a need for sensitization of all law-enforcing
agencies including the judiciary.
• The basic needs of the police personnel needs
to be met. This would boost the morale of the policemen
and would increase their dedication to their work.