At a Glance
Area
: 22,429 Sq. Km.  (8.5% of total area of North East)
Geographical Location
: Situated between latitude 20° 1' N to 26° 5' N & longitude 85° 49' E to 92° 52'
Capital : Shillong
Population : 29,64,007 (2011 Census) (6.5 % of population of Northeast)
Growth of Population :

27.8 % (2001-2011)

Proportion of Child Population (Age group 0-6)

:

18.8 % (2011 Census)

Density (2011 Census) : 132 (National Average: 382)
Sex Ratio (2011) : 986 females to 1000 males  ( National figure: 940 females to 1000 males)

Child Sex Ratio (Age Group 0-6)

:

970 (2011 Census)

Population Below Poverty Line (2009-10) : 17.1% (National Average: 29.8%)
Literacy Rate (2011) : 79.8% (National Average: 74%)

Male Literacy (2011)

:

77.2% (National Average: 82.14%)

Female Literacy (2011) :

73.8% (National Average: 65.5%)

Per Capita income (in Rs) (2009-10) : 29,656 (National Average: Rs. 33,731 )
Net State Domestic Product (Rs. in crore) (2011-12) : 14948 (National Average: 74,10,578)
Per Capita NSDP (2010-11) : Rs. 48383 (National Figure: Rs. 54835 )
Per Capita GSDP (2009-10) : Rs. 45006 (National Average: Rs. 46117 )
Birth Rate (2011) : 24.1
Death Rate (2011) : 7.8
Infant Mortality Rate (2011) : 52
No. of Villages (as per 2011 Census) : 6839
No. of Towns (as per 2011 Census) : 22
State Bird : Hill Myna
State Animal : Clouded Leopard
State Flower : Lady Slipper Orchid
Forest Area : 8,510 Sq. Km
Average Rainfall : 1200 cm per annum
Highest Point : Shillong Peak (1965 m)
No. of Districts : (07) East Garo Hills, East Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills, Ri-Bhoi, South Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, West Khasi Hills.
Major Towns : Shillong, Jowai, Nongpoh, Tura, William Nagar, Baghmara, Nongstoin
Major crops : Rice, Maize, Jute, Rape seed, Mustard
Major plantations : Rubber, Coffee
Major Fruits, vegetables & spices : Banana, Pineapple, Guava, Jackfruit, Cashew, Tomato, Brinjal, Potato, Sweet potato, Chilli, Cabbage, Turmeric, Ginger, Tapioca, Pear
Major minerals : Coal, Limestone, Petroleum, Granite, Sillimanite, Iron ore, Clay, Quartzite, Feldspar
Airports : Umroi (Shillong)

Source:

  • Statistical Handbook Meghalaya 2007
  • NEDFI Databank
  • Economic Survey of India 2008-09