AGRICULTURE

Agriculture in Mizoram is the primary sector of the state's economy. Agriculture and allied activities contribute 29% to the NSDP of the state and about 60% of the population of the state is engaged in agricultural activities. Rice is the principal crop of Mizoram. A number of crops like paddy, beans, cucumber, maize, arum, sesame, mustard and cotton are grown by practicing jhum or shifting cultivation.

Area and production of important crops:

 

 

 

2006-2007

 

 

2007-2008

 

Sl. No.

Name of Crop

Area in Ha.

Production MT

Yield (MT/Ha)

Area in Ha.

Production MT

Yield (MT/Ha)

1

Paddy

52847

42091

0.79

54541

15688

0.29

2

Maize

10775

20969

1.94

7328

729

0.09

3

Pulses

5054

5833

1.15

5048

2632

0.52

4

Oilseeds

4075

3755

0.92

8485

748

0.08

5

Sugarcane

1340

12187

9.09

883

828

0.93

6

Potato

639

1652

2.58

330

1158

3.51

Source: Statistical Handbook Mizoram, 2008
(http://db.nedfi.com/content/mizoram#Agriculture)