• April 2: The Mizoram government and Hmar People's Convention (Democratic) signed a historic peace accord to end the over two- decade-old insurgency and three-decade-old deadlock on the Hmar political imbroglio in Mizoram.
  • April 13: 114 terrorists of Hmar People's Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) surrendered to the Mizoram government and deposited huge cache of arms and ammunition.
    The weapons surrendered included 44 sophisticated firearms, including nine AK series rifles and two carbines, 3,000 rounds of ammunition and five radio sets.



    CHRONOLOGY: 2015

  • March 28: The Manipur-based Hmar People's Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) ambushed a police party in Mizoram and killed three policemen and seriously wounded six others.
    The incident occurred when a police party was accompanying a state assembly team led by deputy chief whip R.L. Pianmawia in Aizawl district. The area is in northern Mizoram bordering Manipur and Assam.


    CHRONOLOGY: 2014

    • January 15: The two Mizos who were abducted along with a non-tribal by the Bru and NLFT militants on 23 November 2013, are released. They were abducted by NLFT and BNDFM from the abandoned Chikha anti-poaching camp inside Dampa Tiger Reserve in on the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura border Mamit district.
    • January 21: The two Mizo drivers who were abducted on 23 November 2013 return to Mizoram after spending 60 days in captivity in the jungles of Bangladesh.
    • January 21: Mizoram CM Lal Thanhawla says his Government is keen to take back the Bru refugees sheltering in makeshift camps in Tripura for the past 17 years.
    • Janaury 22: Student associations and NGOs in Mizoram issue a strong warning to a group of Bru rebels operating in the State. The group has allegedly been involved in abduction of Mizos and other non-tribal people working in the State. The student organizations and the NGOs said that such crimes in future would result in a major confrontation.
    • January 29: A meeting of major NGOs urge the Central and the State Governments of Mizoram and Tripura to ensure that all the inmates of the Bru relief camps in Tripura return to Mizoram by the end of February 2014.
    • February 5: Major civil societies in Mizoram ask the Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to delete the names of Bru voters who were in six Tripura relief camps if they do not return to Mizoram during February.
    • February 21: Mizoram Police confirms the arrest of five suspected militants belonging to the Manipur-based HPC-D in Parvachawm area (Churachandpur district) of Manipur. The arrested militants were involved in an explosion near the State Assembly Secretariat on January 30, said the Police.
    • February 22: The MHA Joint Secretary (Northeast) Shambhu Singh says, "They (insurgent outfits) need to understand that it is a no win situation for them. Groups are groups. Their numbers are limited. If it comes to handle them militarily, the might of the Government is always more than what they can muster".
    • March 9: The BSF gives the BGB a list of 66 terror camps in Bangladesh of militants operating in India's Northeast. Camps of HNLC, ULFA, NDFB, PLA and a few other groups were operating in districts like Mymensingh, Maulvibazar and Rangamati. IG BSF Sudhir Kumar Srivastava said, "The number of these camps has decreased." Some of the camps had now been shifted towards Myanmar due to pressure from Bangladesh authorities.
    • March 21: The displaced people of Bru community from Mizoram, now sheltered in six evacuee camps in North Tripura district, will be allowed to vote through postal ballots, the Tripura CEO said.
    • March 23: Survey Engineer Deep Mondal (25), who was abducted by Bru men and NLFT militants on November 23, 2013 and was in captivity since then in Bangladesh, is released by the abductors. Mondal, a survey engineer working with Noida-based Telecom Network Solution, was abducted from Tuipuibari in Mamit district, near Bangladesh border along with two Mizo drivers.
    • March 30: EC officials says that despite opposition in Mizoram against allowing tribal Bru refugees in Tripura's relief camps to cast postal ballots, the EC is firm on its decision.
    • April 5: Civil societies and student bodies decide to boycott elections to the lone Mizoram Lok Sabha seat to be held on April 9 and called for a 72-hour statewide bandh (shut down strike) from April 7, protesting against voting by displaced Bru tribals from relief camps in Tripura. Leaders of the central committee of Young Mizo Association (YMA), the Mizo Hmeichhe Insuihkhawm Pawl (MHIP) or Mizo Women's Federation, Mizoram Upa Pawl (MUP) or Elders' Association, Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), Mizo Students' Federation and Mizo Students' Union (MSU) decided to call the bandh from 5 am on April 7.
    • April 5: At least 7,987 votes (70.04%) are cast in six Bru relief camps of Tripura for election to the Mizoram's single Lok Sabha seat. Polling began on April 1 and concluded on April 3.
    • April 11: Mizoram's Lok Sabha poll passes peacefully with around 60 per cent voter turnout.
    • May 9: Mizoram's Chief Secretary L. Tochhawng states that strict vigil will continue along its contentious boundary with Assam. Tochhawng, had reviewed the steps taken by the administration of Kolasib district, which shares a boundary with Assam's Hailakandi district.
    • June 11: 500 non-residents are pushed out of Mizoram to Assam by the Mizoram Police for not possessing valid ILPs. Police with the help of local NGOs launched a drive since June 6.
    • June 14: Three traders and their driver are abducted by NLFT from Phaileng village in Mamit district for ransom.
    • June 19: Around 300 refugees of the 36,000 Bru tribal sheltered in Tripura since 1997 returns to Mizoram since June 17, but a large number of migrants are averse to returning to their homes until their demands are met. Over the past three and a half years only about 5,000 refugees have returned to Mizoram.
    • June 30: In joint operation by BSF and Intelligence Wing, Lunglei and CID and Mizoram Police, an individual identified as Raju Chetri is arrested and FICN worth INR 1, 07,000 is recovered from him at Chhinga Veng in Aizawl.
    • June 30: Mizoram CM Lal Thanhawla apprises Union Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh about the repatriation of Bru tribals from the relief camps in Tripura. He says that 6,511 Brus belonging to 1,237 families have been repatriated till date despite opposition and obstruction from the MBDPF.
    • July 12: A MAP constable identified as Constable Malsawmkima posted at the Sakawrdai Police Outpost runs away with his service INSAS rifle, 150 rounds of ammunition and AK-47 assault rifle, to join HPC-D operating in Mizoram Manipur border.
    • July 25: HPC-D claims responsibility for the bomb attack on an unspecified date on a Mizoram police vehicle at Aizawl parked near residence of SHDC chairman Hmingchunghnunga.
    • August 1: An explosion caused by gelatin takes place near the residence of the Mizoram Parliamentary Secretary for Home in Mission Veng locality in Aizawl. SP of Aizawl did not rule out the role of HPC-D.
    • August 5: One person is arrested in connection with the August 1 blast near the residence of Z.S. Zuala, the Mizoram Parliamentary Secretary for Home in Mission Veng locality in Aizawl. He stated that HPC-D militants had given money to him to carry out the attacks.
    • August 13: Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju states that MHA is implementing a scheme for surrender-cum-rehabilitation of militants of the northeastern region.
    • August 19: BSF IG states that militants groups of the Northeast continue to receive 'substantial quantity' of illegal arms and ammunition from China and Myanmar. He said that "there are isolated instances of arms and ammunition entering into the country at international border with Bangladesh, but a substantial quantity comes from international border with Myanmar and China."
    • August 25: India hands over to Bangladesh a list of 71 camps of the Indian insurgent groups that still exists in the neighboring country.
    • August 26: Central Government has decides to implant special kind of fence over water along the riverine India-Bangladesh border to stop illegal immigration.
    • August 29: Assam Rifles seizes USD 48,700 and arrested an individual Khuplianthanga near Zanlawn village on Mizoram-Assam border in Kolasib district. He was allegedly carrying the dollars to make payment for an arms consignment from Myanmar for Chakma insurgent outfit PCJSS a faction of the Shanti Bahini led by Santul arma, operating in CHT.
    • October 4: Intelligence agencies learn that Indian agents have to take the cattle in high demand in Bangladesh as a barter system to the pre-arranged destinations there. In exchange of the market price of INR 4,000 for a cow, Bangladeshi agents pay their Indian counterparts FICN of INR 10,000.
    • October 5: MHA official states that at least 2,136 Bru refugees have returned to Mizoram from the six relief camps in Tripura since June 21. MBDPF has been demanding resettlement package to be increased from INR 85,000 to INR 150,000 per family and that the free ration to be provided to the repatriated families should be extended from one year to two years.
    • October 10: Suspected NLFT militants abduct 11 persons from Amchurmukh, near Rajivnagar in Mamit district. SP Uttam Bhaumick said 16 people including five from Chakma tribal community were coming towards Tripura by a jeep which was stopped at gunpoint at Amchurmukh. Five tribals were freed and the rest 11 persons (construction labourers from Karimganj district of Assam) were abducted.
    • October 11: JIC chairman RN Ravi submits "a paper on strategy and action on Northeast policies" to Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh.
    • October 12: Mamit District SP C Lalnunmawia says 12 militants, 10 of them armed and wearing fatigues, abduct 15 people. Four of the abducted were released later. NLFT and BDFM were suspected to be involved in the abduction.
    • October 13: The 11 labourers abducted on October 10 are still being held by abductors. Mamit district SP states that "the militants believed the victims to be contractors, but later found out that they were manual labourers working under local small contractors". The abductors telephoned relatives of the hostages in Patharkandi in Karimganj district (Assam) that they should pay INR 3 million for the release of the 11 people.
    • October 19: Security Forces seize 5,000 rounds of smuggled ammunition from the border trade centre at Zokhawthar village in Champhai district. Police said the ammunition was smuggled from Myanmar by a man identified as Nang Go Tuang, who was arrested. The smuggled bullets worth INR 1.25 million were for US-made M-16 and domestically manufactured INSAS rifles.


    CHRONOLOGY: 2013

    • January 2: Mizoram State Home Minister R Lalzirliana says that the Government is making arrangements to hold negotiation with the Hmar militant outfit HPC-D.
    • January 24: The Mizoram Government will meet the HPC-D, ahead of the by-poll to the Chalfilh Assembly constituency. The two sides are scheduled to meet on January 31 to discuss the modalities of peace. The first round of talk was held in Silchar, Assam, on December 13, 2012.
    • January 30: The Mizoram Government signs a suspension of operation (SoO) pact with the Hmar Peoples’ Convention-Democrats (HPC-D) ahead of by-election to the Chalfilh Assembly constituency. The Chalfilh Assembly constituency falls under the Hmar dominated Sinlung Hills Development Council in Northeastern Mizoram where the HPC-D wields its influence. According to the conditions laid down in the SoO, the militants would be allowed to move freely anywhere in the state without firearms and explosives.
    • January 31: The Hmar militant outfit, HPC-D and the Government of Mizoram sign the SoO in Aizawl. Mizoram Government team was led by Lalbiakzama, Joint Secretary, Home department, while the HPC-D delegation was led by Lalbeisei, the outfit's vice chairman. The two teams in their talk prepared 'ground rules and then signed an agreement for SoO for 6 months duration. The two teams also agreed to hold another talk at the earliest possible.
    • February 1: After signing the SoO pact with the Government of Mizoram for six months, the HPC-D, has said that at least two round of talks will be held with the Government during this six-month period. "The two parties also mutually agreed to hold at least two rounds of peace talks for a political solution during 6 months SoO period," John F Hmar disclosed. According to the HPC-D leader, the ground rules for implementation of SoO between the Government of Mizoram and the HPC-D was signed by representatives of the Mizoram Government and the outfit at the State Guest House, Aizawl (Mizoram) after an exchange of views to initiate a peace dialogue in the common interest of finding a permanent political solutions to the Hmar political issues in Mizoram.
    • February 3: According to latest Government report, at least 4834 militants of different outfits across seven states in North Eastern (NE) region were killed in counter-insurgency operations from 2001 to 2012. During the period, at least 1909 militants were killed in Manipur, while 1777 were killed in Assam, 536 in Nagaland, 307 in Tripura, 105 in Arunachal Pradesh and 9 in Mizoram. According to the Government report, in a single year, highest number of militants were killed in Manipur in 2008.In Manipur, 341 militants were killed in 2008, while 161 were killed in the year 2001, 101 in 2002, 148 in 2003, 127 in 2004, 143 in 2005, 141 in 2006, 218 in 2007, 321 in 2009, 104 in 2010, 30 in 2011 and 74 in the year 2012. In other hand, the year 2001 recorded the highest number of militant fatalities under counter-insurgency operations in Assam. In Assam, a total of 1777 militants were killed during the period, in which, 275 were killed in the year 2002, 281 in 2003, 136 in 2004, 83 in 2005, 43 in 2006, 149 in 2007, 133 in 2008, 196 in 2009, 98 in 2010, 45 in 2011 and 55 in 2012.Most of the militants killed during counter-insurgency operations were from United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)," a top official of the Assam Police said. In Meghalaya, 191 militants were killed during the period, the breakups being - 8 in the year 2001, 17 in 2002, 27 in 2003, 23 in 2004, 26 in 2005, 17 in 2006, 13 in 2007, 12 in 2008, 4 in 2009, 17 in 2010, 8 in 2011 and 19 in 2012.
    • February 6: A meeting of civil society organisations convened by ZRO at Aizawl resolves to support the demand for creation of a Kuki State. Leaders of MSU, Mizoram Chiefs' Council, former MNF leaders, KSDC and other civil groups attend the meeting. KSDC is agitating for a separate Kuki State incorporating Kuki inhabited areas of Manipur.
    • February 17: The MBDPF led by A Sawibung has finally succeeded in bringing the issue of repatriation of Bru refugees from Tripura relief camps to Mizoram on the negotiating table with the State Government. Bruno Msha, general secretary of the Naisingpara (Tripura) camp-based MBDPF, said they received a letter from the State home department for talks to be held on February 21 in Aizawl (Mizoram) to deliberate on the impasse on the repatriation of refugees.

    • February 19: Five labourers, who were working in a road construction at Dampa Tiger Reserve on the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura border under Mamit district, are abducted by armed militants. The abductors demand Rs one crore as ransom for release of five forest department muster roll workers. • February 20: The Police Forces of the States of the North East region decides to launch coordinated efforts to check the Maoist rebels from establishing strong roots in the region. The forces are also of the view that the peace talks with the militant groups, which have already signed cease- fire agreements, should be expedited.
    • March 7-8: Mizoram Police and Assam Rifles seize 31 AK-47 assault rifles, one Singapore-made LMG and 1 US-made Browning automatic rifle, 809 rounds of ammunition and 32 magazines from a farmhouse near Lengpui Airport in Mizoram.
    • March 9: Tripura Police sends a three member's team to Aizawl following a major arms haul by Mizoram Police and Assam Rifles on March 8 near Aizawl airport. Inspector General of Police (Control) Nepal Das told media the initial investigation revealed that the arms were supposed to be transported to Tripura for some underground outfit.
    • March 12: Mizoram Police said they have proof that the 33 sophisticated arms seized from a private farmhouse near Lengpui Airport in Aizawl District on March 7 and 8, were to be delivered to the PCJSS faction of Bangladeshi outfit Shanti Bahini. The person, who smuggled the arms into India through the porous Mizoram-Myanmar border, had reportedly gone back to Myanmar again and was hiding there, Lalchhuana said.
    • March 12: Abductors threaten to kill five labourers abducted from Dampa tiger reserve in Mamit district on February 19. A meeting chaired by State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana demands that the labourers should be released unconditionally. NLFT-BM militants are suspected to be behind the abduction.
    • March 13: Five people, including three Bangladeshis and two Mizoram residents, were arrested in connection with the recovery of weapons near Lengpui airport in Mizoram.
    • March 18: India asks Bangladesh to work out an action plan to flush out the remaining militant leaders of the Northeast region from that country.
    • March 22: Alarmed by reports of fresh illegal infiltration from Bangladesh triggered by the ongoing turmoil in the neighbouring country, India has alerted the border guarding force deployed along the international border.
    • March 25: NESO askes Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to expedite the ongoing peace process with various rebel groups in India’s northeastern states.
    • March 25: Mizoram Home minister R Lalzirliana says the State Government wants to secure the release of five people abducted on February 19 last without paying ransom as demanded by the abductors. Stating this during question hour in the assembly, Lalzirliana said the government would not pay the ransom demanded by the Bru militants who abducted the five people from a poaching camp inside the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura border Dampa Tiger Reserve. The ongoing peace negotiations between the Mizoram Government and the HPC-D could not be resumed early due to abduction of five Mizos by the Bru militants on February 19, the State assembly was informed.
    • March 28: The five road construction workers, who were abducted on February 19 by a gang of miscreants from Mamit district along the Bangladesh border, are released and handed over to Mizo leaders in Bangladesh. "We expect them to arrive at the border (Bangladesh) by midnight. We'll receive them there and provide them with necessary medical attention if required," Thangzuala said. He said the abductors were not militants, but a group of criminals belonging to the Bru community. The gang had a nexus with a NLFT ‘area commander’ helped them extort money by resorting to abducting of innocent people, he said, adding that the criminals apparently did not obtain permission from the NLFT high command to carry out the abduction on this occasion, sources said.
    • April 1: Mizoram Government passes a resolution which will pave the way for setting up of a Territorial Army (Home and Hearth) to strengthen security within the State.
    • April 11: Assam Rifles forms specially trained commando teams comprising some select personnel from its ranks for carrying out operations against insurgents in Assam, Mizoram and Tripura. The training of these commando teams called "Fast and Intense Strike Teams (FISTs)" was carried out at 21 Sector Assam Rifles CIBS Teliamura in Tripura.
    • May 4: Additional Superintendent of Police of Mamit district, Sang Zoala, visits the refugee camps and holds discussions with MDBPF president Saibuanga on beginning the process of repatriation from the last week of this month.
    • May 7: Mizoram Government resorts to what it terms as "self-repatriation" approach to take back the Bru refugees languishing in North Tripura for 16 years. A meeting of District level core committee on Bru repatriation and settlement at Mamit chaired by Deputy Commissioner, V Lalremthanga discusses the 'self-repatriation' exercise scheduled to begin from the last week of May. The first phase of the "self-repatriation" is meant for genuine Mizoram citizens in Asapara and Naisingpara who are "willing" to return.
    • November 23: Suspected NLFT militants kidnap two Mizos and one non-Mizo persons from the forest between Tuipuibari and Damparengpui in Mamit district for a ransom of Rs 5 crore.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2012

    • January 6: The MHA urges the Mizoram Government to resume dialogue with the HPC-D in order to find a solution to the Hmar tribal issue.
    • January 8: State Home minister R Lalzirliana says that State Government would not resume talks with HPC-D 'merely' because of the Centre's pressure to do so. Lalzirliana asked, "How could the Centre ask us to talk to the outfit now when the Union Home Ministry, a few months back, had itself asked state governments to deal with the insurgent outfits as dacoits?"
    • February 14: A suspected militant belonging to Mara People's Army (MPA) is arrested near Laki village in southernmost Saiha district of Mizoram. The Police seized one US-made M-16 rifle, 156 rounds of ammunition, two magazines and two walkie-talkies from the arrested person. The MPA was formed in 2009.
    • February 16: BTC 'chairman' Hagrama Mohilary appeals to the Mizoram Government to resettle the indigenous Bru (Reang) people of the State who have been living in relief camps in Tripura for the last 14 years.
    • February 18: The Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram meets the leaders of the displaced Reangs presently sheltered in six camps in North Tripura district. Chidambaram said that Central Government had taken all efforts to ensure their safety and rehabilitation when they would go back to Mizoram. Already a package had been given to the DONER to ensure the rehabilitation package that would address almost all aspects including security, shelter, food, health, education, electricity etc. A financial assistance of about INR 30 crore had already been sanctioned and more would be on card. Union Home Minister further said that he would visit Aizwal next month to review the repatriation and rehabilitation of the Reangs.
    • February 19: The HPC-D has carried out a reshuffle in its executive council, the top policy-making body, and adopted a new 'constitution' of its own. Reports from its bastion at Sakerdawi in Mizoram revealed that H. Zosangbera, a frontline member of the 12-member executive council, has been named its new 'chairman'. The outfit's Assam committee has also been revamped with its 'vice-chairman' Elvis L. Hmar being appointed its 'chief' and David L. Hmar, an executive council member, being inducted as its 'secretary'.
    • February 22: The visit of Union Home Minister P Chidambaram along with Shambhu Singh, joint secretary, in-charge, Northeast in the home ministry, to the refugee camps of Kanchanpur in north Tripura on February 18 has kindled hope among the 30,000 inmates of seven relief camps. Bruno Msha, general secretary of MBDPF, described the visit not only historic but the first ever by any central minister ever since their camping here in 1997. He was appreciative of the fact that the Union Home Minister could see for himself the plight and sufferings of the refugees, languishing in isolation for the last 15 years. It was expected that his visit would pave the way for the solution of their problem by pragmatic resumption of repatriation process.
    • February 22: The State election commission of Mizoram indefinitely postpones civic polls in 15 villages following HPC-D's alleged diktat to vote for the outfit-favored candidates. All the 15 villages, two under Kolasib district and 13 under Aizawl, fall under the HPC-D demanded area for Hmar autonomous council, in the northeastern parts of Mizoram predominated by the Hmar community. As per reports received by the SEC, "One insurgent group" had summoned leaders of all political parties of the area to Dholakhal in Assam and Thingpuikual in Manipur a few days back where they told them to ensure that the HPC candidates, supported by the HPC-D, get elected and warned them against dire consequences if negative results occur.
    • February 28: Following Central Government's approval on February 17 for extending financial package to 83 Mizo families who were displaced from the State in 1997-98, the MBDPF has demanded compensation for 116 Bru families stationed outside the refugee relief camps in Kanchanpur Sub-Division. Central Government will help in the rehabilitation of 32 Mizo families in Tripura through the Tripura Government and 51 families in Mizoram through Mizoram Government. The Bru militants drove away the Mizo families from their land in 1998; a year after the Brus left Mizoram for Tripura following ethnic violence with Mizos. Most of the Mizos fled home following threat and sought shelter with other Mizo families living in Jampui hills in Tripura and Mizoram.
    • March 6: BSF along with Mizoram Police, arrest one arms smuggler, identified as Dawlo (50), from Zarkawt traffic point of Aizawl and recovered one .22 pistol with magazine and three .22 empty cases from him. He was handed over to Mizoram Police along with seized arm and empty cases for further investigation and for initiating necessary action against him in accordance with law.
    • March 10: Mizoram Chief Minister Lathanhawla, says that his Government has made all arrangements for the Bru refugees to return from the relief and rehabilitation camps in Tripura to Mizoram. "They are genuine citizens of Mizoram, but they went on their own volition. Now they are free to come back. Their villages are also empty and they can return any time," Lathanhawla said. He said the Mizoram Government has already provided a village council, drinking water facilities, schools and other infrastructure in the Bru areas to facilitate their return. Lathanhawla, however, said that the Bru leaders in the relief camps in Tripura do not want their people to return to Mizoram as they wanted to keep the issue alive as they are getting their money out of it.
    • March 12: BSF in coordination with Mizoram Police arrest one arms-smuggler, identified as Vanlalpeka, from Chadamari in Aizwal district and recover one .38 revolver, made in USA, one 9mm pistol with magazine, made in Italy.
    • March 12: A joint team of BSF and Mizoram Police arrest five militants, identified as Lalruatmawa, Ramvolmavia, Lalrowa Thanga, Lalrang Thanga and Lalngurlianana along with arms and ammunition. The recovered items include one .22 rifle, 6 air guns, 7 telescopes, 12 silencers, 170 benjapen injection, 120 code lever oil capsules and 5 mobile sets with SIMs.
    • March 14: Mizoram State Home Minister R Lalzirliana states that the recent split in HPC-D into two camps deterred the peace negotiations between the militant outfit and the Mizoram Government. "Despite the Centre's instructions to the Mizoram Government, resumption of peace talks with the HPC-D is not possible as the outfit has split into two. The Mizoram Government does not know with which faction - that of Lalhmingthanga Sinate or Zosangzuala - to resume the peace negotiations, with both factions claiming to be original," Lalzirliana said.
    • March 19: Security Forces in a joint operation arrest three FICN racketeers from Thuampui area under Police station of Aizawl district and recover FICNs worth INR 300, 000 from them. The racketeers, all women, are identified as Lalengkimi, Lalbiak Thuami and Ramdinthari, all from Aizawl.
    • March 22: Leaders of 172 organizations including various NGOs, churches and religious organizations in a joint meeting held at Naisingpara camp in Kanchanpur, North Tripura district, under the leadership of A Sawibunga, president of MBDPF resolve to demand a compensation amount of INR 150,000 for each the Bru returnee, which is equivalent to the compensation amount paid to each of the 83 displaced Mizo families.
    • March 24: The meeting of District level core committee on Bru repatriation, which met at the Mizoram-Tripura border of Mamit District deputy commissioner's office decides to constitute Bru repatriation Cell in the Deputy Commissioner's office, an official statement said.
    • March 26: At least six persons, including residents of Assam, Punjab, and Rajasthan, are abducted by unidentified tribal militants in Lunglei district bordering Bangladesh.
    • March 27: The interrogation of the three Mizo women who were arrested by the BSF from Aizawl on March 19 has reveals that Karimganj border (Assam) has become a conduit for the smuggling of FICNs. According to information from the Mizoram capital, Aizawl, the racketeers operating on the other side of the border have a chain of contacts who act as couriers to deliver FICNs to the pre-arranged destinations.
    • April 2: The NLFT operating from Bangladesh is behind the abduction of six executives of the Assam-based ABCI from south Mizoram, the Police said. "We suspect that the militants kept the hostages and are in their hideout in Bangladesh," he said. No ransom demand was received by the ABCI or the State Government and the NLFT was yet to claim responsibility for the abduction. Six executives of the ABCI, engaged in construction of Indo-Bangladesh border fencing were abducted by an armed group of militants on March 26.
    • April 2: Border fencing along the India-Bangladesh border has been stopped.
    • April 2: A manager and five supervisors of a Guwahati-based company are abducted by heavily-armed militants on March 26 from their work shed at Bunghmum in Lunglei district in southwestern Mizoram, 200 kilometers south of Aizawl. India is erecting a fence and putting flood lights along the 4,095-km India-Bangladesh border to check militants and crime and to curb infiltration.
    • April 5: The long-awaited repatriation of 36,000 Bru refugees, who have been staying for the past 15 years in camps in Tripura after being displaced from their villages in Mizoram, would resume from April 26, Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram said. "The Mizoram government has identified 669 families, comprising around 3,350 refugees, to be repatriated between April 26 and May 15," the home minister said.
    • April 11: A fortnight before 669 Bru (Reang) refugees are to repatriate from Tripura to Mizoram on April 26, the bone of contention is the Mizo NGOs proposal to have 1995 as the cut-off year. Political parties and NGOs like the YMA are insisting that only those refugees whose names appear in the 1995 electoral rolls should be allowed to return.
    • April 16: Addressing the Chief Minister's conference on internal security, Prime Minister (PM) Manmohan Singh expresses concern over the abduction and extortion activities in the northeastern region. Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram while addressing Chief Minister's conference on internal security said that in the northeastern states, nearly all major insurgent groups were in talks with the Centre and was confident that there would further be improvement in the region.
    • April 19: A MHA document says Maoists are working in close association with the PLA of Manipur, which also has a base in Myanmar.
    • April 25: Foreign Secretary Ranjan Mathai said the UMHA had taken up the matter of the abduction of six construction workers from Mizoram by NLFT militants with the Bangladesh Home ministry.
    • April 26: Repatriation of Bru refugees residing in Tripura to Mizoram has been held up, with the Bru refugees refusing to go back to their parent State. Two members team of the Mizoram government, accompanied by Tripura State officials, arrived in Thamshapara camp in Kanchanpur (North Tripura district) early in the morning but the refugees refused to leave for Mizoram.
    • April 27: Bru refugees were unwilling to return to their villages without a written agreement guaranteeing security, livelihood and other facilities from the Centre and the Mizoram Government.
    • April 28: Mizoram Home Minister R Lalzirliana says that preparations to receive the next batch of Bru refugees are being made in case some of the refugees might agree to return to Mizoram from Tripura relief camps. Only one family, out of 141 families expected to be repatriated from Hamsapara relief camp on April 26, returned on that day to Mizoram.
    • April 30: Six employees of an Assam-based construction company, ABCI, kept in captivity inside Bangladesh for more than a month by NLFT militants have been released, Police said. They said the NLFT cadres released the employees near a BSF border outpost at Rajiv Nagar in Tupuibari in Mamit district. The six employees were abducted on March 26 at Mauzam village in south Mizoram's Lunglei district near Mizoram-Bangladesh border.
    • May 2: Minister of State for External Affairs Preneet Kaur, referring to the issue of militants operating in the northeastern States of India getting help from China, told the Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament) that the Chinese Government has conveyed that it would never support armed groups that are against the Government of India.
    • May 4: The repatriation of Bru tribal refugees from Kanchanpur sub division in Tripura to Mizoram begins but there is uncertainty over whether all the migrants will return home. The report quotes officials saying that of the scheduled 600 refugees; only 37 went to their villages in Mizoram.
    • May 8: Not a single Bru refugee returns to Mizoram on the third day of the fourth phase of repatriation from North Tripura relief camps. Preparations had been made for the return of 811 people belonging to 153 families from Khakchangpara relief camp during the day.
    • May 9: Bru refugees in Tripura are demanding a new compensation package for their return to Mizoram stalling the fourth round repatriation [April 26 -May 15]. The original rehabilitation package of INR 150,000 includes INR 80,000 cash, one-year ration, utensils, roof top sheets etc.
    • May 10: Mizoram Government would go ahead with the fourth phase of repatriation of Bru refugees from the relief camps in North Tripura even as only seven families have returned till date, State Home Minister R Lalzirliana said. Attempt would be made to bring back 79 families from Hajacherra relief camp on May 11.
    • May 11: A large number of armed Police personnel were sent to the north eastern part of Mizoram adjoining Manipur to assure the people of the area inhabited mainly by Hmar ethnic group that they should have confidence in the Government, State home minister R Lalzirliana said. Lalzirliana said that the people of the area, being intimidated by the militants of Manipur-based HPC-D required assurances from the Government.
    • May 15: Fourth phase of repatriation of Bru refugees, which began on April 26, concludes without a single refugee returning to Mizoram from Tripura relief camps on the last day. Of the 669 Bru families proposed to be repatriated during the fourth phase, only seven families returned to Mizoram. Leaders of the MBDPF lead anti-repatriation movement which primarily demanding that establishment of an autonomous district Council for Bru tribals by carving it out of western parts of Mizoram.
    • May 16: Top CPI-Maoist leaders, including one Moina Dohotiya are actively involved in the outfit's expansion into the northeast. The report quotes a source within the security establishment as saying, "There are about 100 listed cadres and they have three carbines, a couple of .315 rifles and pistols, few grenades and one M16 rifle. In the middle and lower Assam regions, they are probably at a very nascent stage. We have not observed any Maoist activity in these places".
    • May 16: MBSA representing all the displaced Brus from Mizoram held a mass public rally at Anandabazar Tehsil Office in North Tripura district, and submitted a memorandum to UHN P Chidambaram through the SDM of Kanchanpur. MBSA argued that Brus should also be paid compensation of Rs 150,000 per family like the displaced Mizos from Sakhan range.
    • May 24: The HPC General Headquarters, Sakawrdai Mizoram alleged that the Mizoram Government has been reluctant in implementing the MoS signed in 1994. The Hmar outfit then accused that the intervention of YMA recently in the HPC's demand for ADC under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, has been acting as disintegration force of the Mizos rather than unifying the community.
    • May 25: The Hmar community in Mizoram is fuming over denial of citizens' rights to families which have been displaced in October 2011 from Dima Hasao district (Assam). The total population of the community is estimated to be around 55,000. According to an official statement, there are about 39 Hmar families which came to Mizoram as victims of an ethnic clash in Jatinga in Dima Hasao district. The statement of the Mizoram Government was issued after some vernacular dailies alleged that some of the families belonged to the Mizo-Kuki ethnic group and hence should not be considered Mizos. They were denied Government benefits like rural job cards and enrolment as voters. The Hmar Students' Association in the Hmar stronghold of Kolasib district in north Mizoram has objected to the stand of the State Government.
    • May 27: 49 displaced Mizo families, driven out from Sakhan range in Tripura in 1998, have been rehabilitated by the Mizoram government in Mamit district on Tripura border, a top District official said. Each displaced family was given INR 150, 000 as agreed by the Union Home Ministry for rehabilitation and resettlement, Deputy Commissioner Rodney L Ralte said.
    • May 30: Mizoram Government submits a report of the fourth phase of Bru repatriation to the MHA. During the fourth phase of repatriation, which commenced from April 26 and concluded on May 15, only seven Bru families returned from Tripura to Mizoram from the relief camps in North Tripura district while 669 families were expected to return.
    • June 17: The Mizoram Government is firm on the arrest of top leaders of the HPC-D while UPF of Manipur urged both the Centre and the Mizoram Government to release them. State Home Minister R. Lalzirliana says that the HPC-D's 'army chief' Lalropuia and 'deputy army chief' Biaknunga were arrested as the outfit has been indulging in illegal activities inside Mizoram including murder, intimidation and extortion. Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla also accused the HPC-D of violating the terms and conditions of the SoO signed with the security forces under the supervision of the Union Home Ministry.
    • September 4: The BSF identifies 11 vulnerable BOPs in Assam, 13 in Meghalaya, one in Mizoram and two in Tripura.
    • September 6: A 12-hour bandh (General Shutdown strike) called by the NESO affects six northeastern States. The Bandh was called to protest against atrocities on people from the region in cities outside the region and against influx of illegal migrants into the region. The bandh was supported by student unions of these States, which are part of NESO. The bandh affected life in Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and tribal-inhabited areas of Tripura.NESO organised a rally in Guwahati, which was attended by 26 student organisations of the region.
    • September 24: YMA, the Mizo apex body is to begin a campaign to ensure inclusion of only Indian citizens in the electoral rolls and to prevent changes in the demographic pattern as witnessed in Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya. The move comes in the wake of a large number of foreigners being enrolled in the State voters' list due to some unscrupulous politicians, said a leader of YMA central committee.
    • October 2: Centre will seek an amendment to the Sixth Schedule in a bid to implement accords signed with Northeast outfits and devolve more powers to the grassroots. The schedule lays down provisions for administration of tribal areas in Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura through autonomous district councils and regional councils accountable to the governor. A draft bill piloted by the Union home ministry to amend the schedule has got a nod from most of the ministries concerned, sources said. The Government will try to bring it for Parliament's approval in the winter session. The principal feature of the amendment could be the constitution of village councils.
    • October 9: HPC-D stands its ground firm not to allow the Government to conduct Village Council elections in Sinlung Hills of Mizoram. The Government of Mizoram has been trying to conduct the VC elections as it has already fixed more than one date for filing the nomination papers.
    • October 24: Security Forces in Tripura and Mizoram will share information and operate jointly to curb terrorism in the Northeast. Senior Police officials of both the States held a meeting at Kanchanpur in North Tripura to finalise a joint strategy to deal with the militants. "The meeting has decided that Police forces of the two states should operate in coordination along the bordering areas of Mizoram and Tripura. They would also share intelligence inputs and other vital information," a senior Police official said.
    • November 19: CJM court in Aizwal grants bail to critically ill commander-in-chief of HPC-D, Lalropuia (47) on health grounds. He was arrested on June 2012.
    • November 25: Suspected NLFT militants abduct three Tripura residents, two timber merchants and one driver, from Rajibnagar village, in Mamit district.
    • November 27: NLFT militants who abducted two timber merchants and their driver, have sent a ransom note demanding INR 3 million for their release.
    • December 3: Erstwhile leaders of the disbanded HPC condemn the State Government for failing to hold elections for the SHDC for the past 18 years. The guidelines for the council had been notified on September 10, 2008, in the Mizoram Gazette. The chairman of the HPC MoS Implementation Demand Committee, S. Khuma, says that the panel was set up last July to push for implementation of the accord.
    • December 5: State Home Minister R Lalzirliana justifies his Government's refusal to hold further parleys with the HPC-D militants stating that the Government did not know which faction to talk to. Lalzirliana also alleges that while some militant groups signed SoO with the Security Forces in neighbouring Manipur under the supervision of the MHA, some factions were indulging in criminal activities, including abduction for ransom, extortion and even armed robbery, rather than depositing their arms in the designated camps in accordance with SoO.
    • December 12: NLFT releases the three persons, including two timber merchants, who were abducted by the outfit from Mamit district on November 25.

    • December 18: According to MHA sources, the Special Branch (SB) of Mizoram Police had been entrusted by the Government with the preliminary task of holding the parleys with some of the underground Hmar leaders of HPC-D to learn about their demands. The first such meeting was held in Aizawl on December 13, 2012.The meeting came about after the insurgent leaders, now camping in the Tipaimukh area of Manipur, suggested their keenness for revival of the peace talks. The peace initiative with HPC-D started in the year 2008.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2011

    • March 7: Eleven persons including nine (six children) family members of KCP-Sunil Faction, who are settled at Mizoram Bongkon village, are abducted by unidentified persons.
    • March 7: Security Forces arrest four cadres of the KCP-Sunil Faction from Bongkawn area of Aizwal. The arrested cadres are identified as Konsam Inaocha alias J.K Singh (35), Chirom Herojit alias Abung, (29), Ingudam Bipen Singh (32), Thounaojam Ningol Chirom Ongbi Gita alias Gitanjali (35).
    • April 20: Around 70 Bru families from Naisingpara relief camp in the neighbouring North Tripura district return to Mizoram. Reports say that while 127 families were expected to return, some families refused to come back making several excuses.
    • April 27: Repatriation of Bru refugees from Tripura camp to Mizoram resumes. According to official sources, 123 more families comprising 645 persons are to be repatriated from Naisingpara camp. Only 55 Bru refugees, belonging to 12 families, returned to Mizoram from Naisingpara relief camp in neighboring North Tripura district while the officials were making arrangements for the return of 123 families.
    • May 3: Around 270 Bru refugees, belonging to 44 families, return to Mizoram. The repatriated refugees were resettled at Mualmam, Kolalian, Kanhmun and Sihthiang villages. With this, more than 600 Bru families have returned to Mizoram during the third phase even as many refugees were reluctant to return due to several reasons.
    • May 22: Three Bru militants escape from police custody in Kolasib district.
    • May 27: Mizoram police arrest Takkurei alias Mawikau, suspected to be a high ranking commander of the Bru Liberation Army (BLA) from Damcherra in Tripura.
    • June 6: Two executives of an Assam based company are abducted by suspected Bru militants from near the Mizoram-Tripura-Assam border. The executives are project manager Premlal Dhiman and commercial manager Bajrang Lalbhurgi who work with Anupam Bricks and Concrete Industries Ltd.
    • September 22: Three NSCN-IM cadres are apprehended by the BSF at Indramchera Nallah in the general area of border outpost of Silsuri, Mizoram while they were tring to cross over to the Indian side from Bangladesh.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2010

    • February 2: A farmer, abducted by militants from Zophai area near Assam border in January 28, is released near a river in Assam.
    • March 8: Joseph Rothangpuia (23), an Assam Rifles jawan is killed in an encounter with cadres of the People’s Liberation Army at Salungpham in Chandel district of Manipur. He is the son of R Lungmuana, a daily labourer at New Serchhip, about 90 kms from Mizoram, capital Aizawl.
    • March 15: Two chief operatives belonging to Lamyanba Khuman group of the Military Council faction of the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), identified as 'publicity secretary' Laishram Manao alias Ranjit alias Loya alias Anik alias Tongaba (36) and 'project officer' Naorem Anand Singh (35), are arrested by a combined team of Manipur Police and Mizoram Police from Aizawl town.
    • May 6: The BSF decides to gear up its vigil along Mizoram’s 318 kilometres hilly and forest-infested borders with Bangladesh to stop infiltration. BSF Director General Raman Srivastava assured Chief Minister Pu. Lalthanhawla in Aizawl said that there would be more deployment of forces along the border in Mizoram.
    • May 10: Repatriation of Bru refugees from North district in Tripura, scheduled to be held from May 11 to 15, runs into a deadlock. Elvis Chorky, president of Mizoram Bru Displaced People Forum, alleges that they received a list of 284 families to be repatriated to Mizoram, whereas the exact number of Bru families that fled from the following an ethnic conflict in November 2009 stood at 800.
    • May 11: The repatriation of Bru refugees is not taking place as planned because the Mizoram Government did not arrange transport and security for them, a refugee leader said.
    • May 27: Around 1,200 Reang refugees return to their homes in Mizoram for the first time in 13 years after the Union Home Ministry asked the State government to take back the displaced tribals, sheltered in six Tripura camps. "About 235 families comprising 1,200 men, women and children have been repatriated in three batches (on Friday, Monday and Wednesday) to Mamit district of western Mizoram," North Tripura's Kanchanpur divisional magistrate Dilip Chakma said.
    • June 11: The Mizoram Government is making necessary arrangements for repatriation of Bru refugees lodged at six relief camps in Kanchanpur sub-division in Tripura by October 2010, State Home department officials say in Aizawl.
    • June 23: Two unidentified persons are arrested by the BSF from Aizawl and 718 packets of RDX and two AK-47 rifles are recovered from their possession. They smuggled the arms and explosives from Bangladesh.
    • August 19: The Mizoram Government receives the list of Bru refugees, lodged in six relief camps in North District in Tripura, submitted by Bru Displaced People’s Forum.
    • August 25: Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram says that while the year 2009 was a distinct improvement on the year 2008, it is in the 2010 that we have seen a dramatic decline in the number of incidents and in the number of casualties in the Northeast. There have been only 464 incidents until August 15, as against 1,297 and 1,561 for the whole year in 2009 and 2008 respectively.
    • October 14: The Bru Displaced Welfare Organisation (BDWO) expresses dismay over the ongoing preparation for the settlement of refugees after they are being repatriated to Mizoram. With a view to the smoothly running of development and administration, the BDWO wants to remain as a model village under the district of Memit only but the inclusion of Lunglei and Kolasib districts was against the will of the organisation. John Lalnuntlunga, general secretary of Bru organisation on Thursday viewed that the Mizoram Government and the Centre should hold wide-ranging talks with the Mizoram Bru Displaced People’s Forum (MBDPF) leaders to discuss on the current deadlock at the earliest.
    • October 16: "Unless a MoU is signed by the Mizoram government with representatives of the displaced Brus, they will not return to Mizoram," a Bru Displaced Welfare Organisation (BDWO) statement says in Agartala. "Our sincere request to the Government of Mizoram is that it reassure the rights and dignity of the Bru people, restore peace and harmony and start the process of dialogue that would lead to a permanent solution," BDWO General Secretary John Lalnuntluanga and President, Azawmdarai said in the statement.
    • November 11: Peace talks between the Mizoram government and the Hmar Peoples Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) are held at Mizoram State Guest House. A ceasefire agreement is signed by both the parties and ground rules are also prepared by the Mizoram government and the HPC-D agrees to abide by them. The ceasefire will remain in force till the next round of talks. As per the ground rules, both sides agreed not to undertake any offensive action against each other, said a government official.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2009

    • January 9: Police arrest three suspected cadres of the Manipur-based PREPAK outfit from a hotel in capital Aizawl. One of them reportedly confesses to his involvement in the killing of six persons in 1999.
    • January 15: In protest against the decision to resettle around 300 former Bru rebels in Lunglei and Kolasib District, BLFM cadres decide not to accept the housing assistance to be given to them by the Mizoram Government. The outfit wants all its cadres to be settled in the Mamit District.


    • February 21: A leader of the Lanheiba group of Military Council faction of the KCP is arrested by troops from his residence at capital Aizawl. The militant is identified as Rajen Singh alias Rajesh alias K.C. Lanheiba Meitei, the ‘commander-in-chief’ of the outfit.


    • April 22: Members of United Democratic Liberation Army abduct three workers from a national highway project site in Kolasib district near Mizoram border. The three abducted are working for a Guwahati based construction company. The Chairman of the outfit, Dhanayram Reang demands 10 per cent of the Rs 88 crore sanctioned for the road project to realese the workers. Mizoram is on alert after the abduction.


    • May 26: Aizawl police CID (special branch) arrests 11 people (including their leader Hmingchungnung, 62) who identified themselves as members of a new born Hmar insurgent group named Sinlung People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) from Zemabawk locality in Aizawl. According to Intelligence sources, the SPLA made a declaration in 2008 about their formation. The main objectives of the group are to protect the indigenous Hmar people and to fight for their homeland. It was formed after the atrocities of Manipuri insurgent group UNLF against Hmar people in Tipaimukh area in Manipur. SPLA is understood as another offspring of Hmar People’s Convention with which the Government of Mizoram signed an agreement in July 27, 1994. A key player in SPLA, Hmingchungnung is a former chairman of Sinlung Hills Development Council.
    • June 21: Five traders, including a minor, from North Tripura district are abducted by unidentified gunmen when they were returning to Mizoram in a lorry at Bhotalbari in Mizoram.


    • July 30: A huge cache of arms, including eight US-made M-16 Rifles and one .9 mm Beretta pistol, is seized by a team of Mizoram Police CID (special bureau) from a house rented by a Myanmarese national at Saron Veng locality in Aizawl. Besides, 14 rounds of ammunition, a sniper telescope, 12 sets of Chinese-made walkie talkies with 12 batteries, 12 battery chargers and 12 antennae are recovered.


    • September 24: Mizoram police arrests Dhanyaram Reang, the chief of United Democratic Liberation Army (UDLA) from Champui village in Kolashib district of Mizoram on the Mizoram-Assam border.


    • October 19: Manipur based Hmar People’s Convention (Democrats0 militants extort over Rs 2 lakhs from villages on the Mizoram-Manipur border.


    • November 15: Mobs set fire to over 225 huts of Reang tribals in Mizoram, displacing several thousand people as tension escalated following the gunning down of a Mizo youth. The mobs set ablaze more than 225 houses of Reang tribals in seven villages under Mamit and Kolashib districts in southern Mizoram since Saturday, displacing over 5,000 people, a Mizoram Home Department official said. The displaced tribals have taken shelter in adjacent south Highlakhandhi areas of southern Assam and Jampui in northern Tripura. Reports say that the ethnic violence erupted after the militants shot dead an 18-year-old Mizo youth at Bungthuam village, near the Tripura border, in southern Mizoram on Friday.


    • November 16: Seven people are arrested on the charge of arson in villages inhabited by Brus near Tripura border following the killing of a Mizo youth by suspected Bru National Army militants.


    • November 17: Hmar People’s Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) gives memorandum requesting the Government of India to immediately initiate tripartite political talks involving the Mizoram government, the HPC(D) and the Government of India in pursuit of the long-cherished political aspirations of the Hmar people in Mizoram.


    • December 10: Reports of attack on Brus (Reangs) in Mizoram leads the Ministry of Home Affairs to caution the State Government to take steps to contain violence and restore normalcy. Mizoram Government has been advised separately to instil confidence among the Bru families living in Mizoram and to persuade those families who have fled to Tripura to return, said Minister of State for Home Affairs, Ramachandran.


    CHRONOLOGY: 2008

    • February 26: Thangcha Kipgen, ‘president’ of the KLA is killed in a drunken brawl at a hotel room in the Aizawl. According to a report, around 14 cadres of seven Kuki insurgent factions held a meeting at a tourist lodge in Aizawl on February 24 to discuss unity among various Kuki underground factions.
    • April 5: Border Security Force personnel arrests an HNLC cadre from Andermanik border outpost in the Mamit district while trying to cross over to Mizoram from Bangladesh. The man confesses that the HNLC has maintained links with the Tripura-based NLFT since 2001.
    • April 23: Three suspected cadres of the Myanmar-based Chin National Confederation outfit are arrested by Assam Rifles personnel from their hideout in the Lunglei district along the India-Myanmar border.
    • June 28: Two Assam-based Black Widow (BW) militants and six Bru Liberation Front Mizoram (BLFM) militants are arrested by Mizoram police when they recover arms, including 17 AK 47 and 56 rifles, from a truck at Buichali village, 30 kilometres west of capital Aizawl. INR 9, 84, 000 is also confiscated. The Superintendent of Police of Special Branch of Aizawl district, K. Rozina, next day says the truck was on its way to Cachar district in Assam from Champai district in Mizoram. Sources said the arms were purchased at Chiang Mai, an arms market along the Thailand-Myanmar border. Sources add that the BW outfit is now using a large quantity of cash, collected in the last few months through extortion, to buy modern weapons from different places. The militant group is currently reported to be in Kathmandu to explore the possibility of buying arms from Nepal to south Assam. "We have held back our operation against the DHD (J) as it had given us indications about further extending the truce. The government is looking into the nitty-gritty of responding to its ceasefire offer. But the haul has forced us to take a fresh look at the situation," a source in the home department says.
    • July 5: Excise officials at a checkgate at Vairangte intercept a Silchar-bound vehicle and recover seven AK-47 rifles and a rocket launcher with one shell. Officials believe that the arms consignment was meant for the Black Widow outfit in Assam. However, no one was arrested as the driver of the vehicle managed to escape.
    • September 2: Suspected militants ambush a vehicle killing four police personnel, including an officer of Mizoram’s first battalion of India Reserve Police, at Saipum village in the Kolasib district along the border with Assam. Three other police personnel are injured. Police suspect the involvement of the HPC-D.
    • September 19: One gelatin bomb explodes inside the office of State Bank of India in capital Aizawl. No casualty.
    • September 24: One former Mizo National Front (MNF) leader says in Aizawl that five groups in Mizoram, all offsprings of the erstwhile militant outfit, have regrouped to counter any activities of militant groups from across the border.
    • October 6: Kishore Rongya Chakma, a school headmaster abducted by six suspected militants from his residence in Mizoram on October 4 evening, is rescued near the Bangladesh border. An intelligence source says that the Bangladesh-based United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF) rescued the hostage and captured two of the abductors inside Bangladesh and later handed them over to the Mizoram police.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2007

    • January 2: Mizoram Government initiates negotiations with the Hmar People's Convention- Democracy (HPC-D). The Government is to send representatives to the outfit, which operates in Mizoram, Manipur and Assam's Cachar and North Cachar Hills districts, to evaluate its demands.
    • January 5: Mizoram Chief Minister, Zoramthanga, delegates Charlton Lien Amo, a legislator from Manipur, as the representative to negotiate with the HPC-D. Amo, belonging to the Hmar community, was elected from Tipaimukh Assembly constituency in Manipur twice.
    • January 11: The HPC-D asks for involvement of the Union Government in peace talks between the outfit and the Mizoram Government. "If there is any negotiation to discuss the fulfillment of the provisions of the 1994 accord signed between the Mizoram government and the HPC, the Centre must intervene," a note by the outfit said.
    • March 5: The dead bodies of six Hmar National Army (HNA) militants are recovered from an unspecified place along Mizoram-Manipur border. They are suspected to have been shot dead by the HPC-D militants. Nine rounds of AK- 47 ammunition are also recovered from the incident site.
    • September 7: The ‘information secretary’ of the HPC-D, Lalrawngbawla Pulamte, surrenders before the Mizoram government. He was reportedly brought by police personnel from Silchar in the Cachar district of Assam to capital Aizawl in Mizoram.
    • October 1: Three bombs exploded at different places in the capital Aizawl. The first blast occurred near a building at Bawngkawn locality while the second blast occurred near a cement and iron rod shop in the Tuikual locality. The third explosion occurred near a grocery shop at Dawrpui locality. However, no loss of life or injuries was reported.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2006

    • January 6: The general secretary of the Former Undergrounds Welfare Association, V Laichhinga, says, "We had submitted a memorandum to the President of India in September last year to constitute a three-member border commission. We had also urged the Mizoram Chief Minister to initiate a CM-level talk with Assam on the border dispute, but no action has been taken till today." He adds that three recent incidents of victimization of the Mizos were caused by the State Government's negligence in looking into the border issue.
    • January 11: The Mizoram Armed Police outpost is attacked by the Bru Liberation Front of Mizoram (BLFM) cadres at New Kawnpui in the Mamit district.
    • January 17: BLFM serves an extortion demand of Rupees 50,000 on Bungthuam High School headmaster Lalfelkima. The Mizo Zirlai Pawl (Mizo Students Union) of Bungthuam village, reacting to the incident, has issued a statement threatening the Bru tribals in general and the militants in particular.
    • January 29: Union Home Minister, Shivraj V. Patil, announces at Aizawl a relief package of Rupees 28.65 crore for Bru refugees of Mizoram currently living in Tripura. The State Government has reportedly envisioned an amount of Rupees 77 crore for repatriation of both Bru refugees and Bru militants who have taken up arms against the State Government.
    • February 6: One BLFM cadre is injured in an encounter with the Mizoram Police near Sihthiang hamlet in the Mizoram-Tripura border district of Mamit.
    • February 12: The dead body of a civilian, suspected to have been killed by unidentified militants, is recovered from the western outskirts of Aizawl, capital of Mizoram.
    • February 14: Suspected BNLF cadres abduct a sub-contractor in the Kolasib district.
    • March 2: An unidentified Bru militant, while trying to extort money from the civilians, is shot at and wounded by police personnel near Thaiudawr village in the Mamit district. A country-made rifle is recovered from his possession.
    • March 7: A high level team of Ministry of Home Affairs visited the relief camps in Mizoram to take stock of the ground reality of the large-scale exodus of Hmar villagers from the Churachandpur district in Manipur. Refugees belonging to the Hmar community were reportedly displaced by the UNLF.
    • March 9: Mizoram Legislative Assembly unanimously adopts an official resolution urging the Union Government to constitute a boundary commission to resolve the boundary dispute of Mizoram with neighbouring States.
    • March 10: Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga asks for a solution to the boundary dispute between Mizoram and Assam at the Constitutional rather than at the State (provincial) level.
    • March 14: Mizoram Home Minister Tawnluia expresses concern over the infiltration of at least 25,000 Myanmarese into the State.
    • March 15: A powerful bomb is exploded by unidentified militants near the office of the Director of Land Revenue and Settlement at Aizawl damaging window-panes and other structures. However, no casualty is reported.
    • March 16: Mizoram Government sends a police team to bring the 38 BLFM militants who have surrendered to the Assam Rifles authorities in Tripura on March 15.
    • March 17: Police personnel kill a hardcore militant of the BNLF, Jaingba Reang, during an encounter at Dhalaicherra in the Mizoram-Tripura border area.
    • March 21: Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga while expressing concern over the increasing criminal activities along the State’s porous border with Myanmar and Bangladesh, urges the Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil at a meeting in New Delhi to take effective steps to curb the cross-border crimes. He also mentions the presence of Myanmarese insurgents and the frequent influx of illegal migrants from that country.
    • March 27: Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga, while meeting the Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil in New Delhi, says that the process of repatriation of the Brus, who have come from Mizoram to Tripura in 1997, will begin only after the Bru militants lay down arms and eschew violence.
    • March 29: Mizoram Home Minister, Tawnluia, speaking in the Legislative Assembly, reportedly claimed that the Assam Rifles battalion posted in North Tripura is helping the BLFM militants.
    • April 5: The Mizoram Government informs the Union Government that it will initiate repatriation of Bru tribal refugees as promised only after the BLFM lays down arms and eschews violence. The State Government said that the BLFM has unleashed an extortion spree in Mizoram and recently, it has demanded an amount of Rupees 5 lakh from Tantia Construction, a Kolkata-based firm.
    • April 18: Mizoram Tourism Minister Z.H. Ropuia urges the Union Government to relax the Restricted Area Permit in the State.
    • April 22: A joint team of the Mizoram Police and Assam Rifles arrested four top leaders of the BLFM, including its ‘president’ Vanlalliana, ‘vice-president’ Vanrama, ‘army chief’ Romawia Meska and ‘lieutenant’ Lallawma, from different places of the State recently. The outfit, according to the Mizoram Police sources, has approximately 200 cadres.
    • May 22: Telegraph reports that the BLFM is preparing to surrender en masse on the condition that its arrested leaders are treated as ‘surrendered insurgents’. A circular circulated by the outfit states that two former BLFM cadres, A. Toisarai and Lalrinkima Molsoi, are recruiting “members” solely for the purpose of making them surrender before the Mizoram Government to get the benefits of rehabilitation package. “Already, 100 people have been recruited and they have been asked to pay rupees 3,000 each for their recruitment, apart from an entry fee of rupees 200. These two people have been promising their recruits rupees 90,000 as the rehabilitation package that would be provided by the Mizoram government,” the circular said.
    • June 30: Shillong Times quoting the Aizawl Peace Accord MNF Returnees Association reports that six former Mizo National Front (MNF) cadres have gone underground again and are ensconced at a former tactical headquarters of the MNF in Bangladesh.
    • August 9: Telegraph quoting Assam Police sources reports that the BLFM, a breakaway faction of the BNLF, has forged close ties with the Manipur based Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA). The alliance struck between the two militant outfits envisages supply of arms by the ZRA to the BLFM. It also involves mutual co-operation in carrying out guerrilla raids in their respective strongholds.
    • November 4: The Tripura Director General of Police, G. M. Srivastava, accuses the Mizoram Government and the Assam Rifles of stage managing the October 23-surrender of at least 809 BLFM militants at Kanchanpur area in the North Tripura district. He further said that the BLFM never had such large cadre strength and never had more than 20 or 24 weapons. He also said surrendered militants in disguise were actually inhabitants of refugee camps.
    • While expressing concern over the increasing militant violence in northeast, Srivastava says that the headquarters of militancy in the region has shifted from Shillong in Meghalaya to Aizawl in Mizoram.
    • November 16: Two civil society organizations, the Central Young Mizo Association and Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), pass a resolution stating that unless the identity of the BLFM cadres are verified, they will not be accepted as bonafide inhabitants of Mizoram. The MZP said that these could be people trying to infiltrate into the State in the guise of Bru insurgents. Reports added that both the organisations had opposed the rehabilitation of Brus who fled from Mizoram to Tripura in 1997 and 1998.
    • November 25: A cadre of the Myanmar-based outfit, Khumi Patriotic Army, is arrested from the Lawngtlai district along the India-Myanmar border along with some arms, ammunition and incriminating documents.
    • December 4: A local court in Aizawl held that the Mizoram Government had paid a ransom of INR 60 lakh to Hmar militants for the release of North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) workers during its previous tenure. The Additional District Magistrate of Aizawl, K. L. Liana, while settling a case between the State Government and R. Lalzirliana, a serving legislator of the Congress party, passed the judgment. Lalzirliana had alleged that the State Government had paid huge amounts of ransom for the release of NEEPCO workers, who had been abducted by members of the Hmar People's Conference in 2002. Following the allegation, Mizo National Front party leader and a minister, R. Tlanghmingthanga, had filed a defamation case on behalf of the Mizoram Government. According to Lalzirliana's counsel, the State Government had paid a ransom of INR 60 lakh to militants on three occasions through a local man identified as one Saikapa.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2005

    • January 7: Seven Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) terrorists surrender before the Border Security Force (BSF) authorities in Mamit district.
    • March 7: The 12th round of peace talks between representatives of the Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF) and the Government of Mizoram begins in the capital Aizawl.
    • March 11: Negotiations between the Mizoram Government and BNLF conclude with the finalisation of a draft agreement for the repatriation of the Bru refugees to be signed in April.
    • March 29: In an interview to Sentinel, the BNLF Chief, Surjyamani Reang, says "We are ready to sign the accord (with the Mizoram Government on April 6), but need definite assurances on crucial points to pave the way for surrender of arms and ammunition by the rank and file of our outfit."
    • March 29: The Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), the apex student organisation in Mizoram, demands an apology from the Bru refugees before they are repatriated by the Mizoram Government.
    • April 3: The MZP announces a boycott of the negotiation process between the BNLF and the Mizoram Government in protest against the outfit’s kidnapping a student.
    • April 6: The 13th round of talks between the Mizoram Government and BNLF is postponed to an unspecified date.
    • April 26: The Mizoram Government and BNLF sign a Memorandum of Understanding at Aizawl.
    • May 17: Utpal Deb Barma, ‘intelligence coordinator’ of the NLFT, is arrested by the Mizoram Police from Vairangte.
    • May 21: A Bangladeshi national, identified as Lalmuankima, is arrested from Phuldungsei along the international border with Bangladesh along with a Chinese manufactured SAR rifle, 339 rounds of ammunition, 100 rounds of US carbine ammunition and three 40 mm high explosive shells.
    • June 8: Mizoram police arrests 12 cadres of the Chin National Confederation, including the outfit’s vice-president Fungkung and treasurer Vanling, from the State capital Aizawl.
    • June 24: Mizoram Police conducts ‘Operation Hailstorm’ against the Mynamarese rebel outfit, the Chin National Front, in the southern parts of the State and recovers some arms and ammunition.
    • July 18: The Bru Liberation Front of Mizoram (BLFM) demands separate talks with the Mizoram Government and threatens not to surrender arms.
    • July 25: 195 BNLF militants, including the outfit's president Surjya Moni Reang and general secretary Solomon Prophul Ushoy, surrender before the Mizoram Home Minister Tawnluia at the Sidan transit camp in West Tuipuibari.
    • July 31: Police personnel recover four firearms and several rounds of ammunition, believed to have been stockpiled by the Chin Integration Army (CIA) from Vaphai village on the Mizoram-Myanmar broder.
    • August 8: Bru Liberation Front of Mizoram (BLFM) abducts an engineer, Charanjeet Singh, and a labourer, Zoramsanga, from the Teirei hydel project in the Mamit district.
    • August 21: Mizoram Government rejects the demand of a ransom amount of Rupees Two crore by the BLFM militants for the release of an abducted engineer and a labourer.
    • August 23: Solomon Prophul Ushoy, 'general secretary' of the BNLF, claims that Bru tribals at refugee camps in Tripura, who are awaiting repatriation to Mizoram, are receiving extortion threats from the BLFM.
    • August 24: Chief Minister Zoramthanga indicates the possibility of a crackdown on the Chin National Army and other illegal settlers in the State. He said in an interview with the UNI: "Our government has already started identifying illegal foreign settlers in Mizoram and would be deporting them as soon as possible."
    • October 20: The BLFM releases two abducted persons, Engineer Charanjeet Singh and labourer Zoramsanga, after keeping them captive for more than two months.
    • November 4: HPC-D serves extortion notes on several persons in the Vairangte village demanding a portion of their salaries.
    • November 12: An unspecified number of grenades and ammunition and Myanmar currency worth 1,31,000 kyat is seized from Tlangsam village in the Champhai district.
    • December 15: Arms and explosives, including five China-made SAR rifles, 300 M-16 rounds, one AK-47 magazine and 50 GTC 40 mm bombs, are recovered from the border village of Zokhawthar in the Champhai district.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2004

    • January 3: Mizoram Bru Displaced People’s Forum (MBDPF) in a release appeals to the State and Union Governments to undertake immediate measures for the resolution of the Bru issue.
    • January 16: Suspected Manipur’s United National Liberation Front (UNLF) terrorists numbering about 20 attack police outpost at Vaitin on the Mizoram-Manipur border with AK-47 assault rifles and rocket launchers.
    • January 28: A six-member delegation of the Tripura-based terrorist outfit BNLF led by its president Surjomoni Reang arrives to hold the tenth round of talks with the Mizoram Government.
    • January 30: Suspected Bru Liberation Front of Mizoram (BLFM) abducts a Bru youth, son of a village council president, from the Mizoram-Bangladesh-Tripura border hamlet of Tuipuibari.
    • February 26: 16 top Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) terrorists surrender before the Border Security Force (BSF) in Mizoram after escaping from their camp in Borsurai in Bangladesh bordering Mizoram and Tripura in Bangladesh.
    • March 5: Six BNLF cadres, including a ‘sergeant’ and a ‘corporal’, surrender before the Mizoram Police at Tuipuibari in the Mamit district along with a pistol, 16 rounds of ammunition, a .303 rifle and a Chinese hand grenade.
    • March 8: The Young Mizo Association (YMA) serves a notice to non-Mizos staying in Mizoram without proper authorization with an ultimatum to leave the State by April 7.
    • April 27: The three major Opposition party combine led by the Congress urge the Mizoram Government to postpone its proposed talks with the BNLF.
    • April 29: The 12th round of talks between the Mizoram Government and BNLF is to be held in the State capital Aizawl. A five-member BNLF delegation led by the outfit’s chief Surjomoni Reang will meet representatives of the State, including the Home Secretary, where crucial issues of repatriation of refugees from the six North Tripura camps, special development projects as well as modalities for surrender would be taken up for discussion.
    • April 29: The opposition political parties’ call for a 12-hour general strike in protest against the BNLF’s alleged forcible collection of postal ballot papers issued to Bru voters in the Tripura refugee camps.
    • April 29: The Mizoram Government postpones the 12th round of talks with the BNLF slated for April 29, due to ‘unhealthy political atmosphere’ prevailing in the State.
    • April 30: 11 Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) cadres surrender at a Border Security Force (BSF) camp in Mizoram, bordering Bangladesh, after fleeing the main training camp of the outfit located at Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh.
    • May 17: Home Minister Twanluia informs the State Legislative Assembly that an accord between the Mizoram Government and BNLF is to be signed in June.
    • May 20: Five HNLC cadres surrender at a BSF camp near the India-Bangladesh border after reportedly fleeing from the outfit’s camps in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh.
    • May 26: State Chief Secretary H. V. Lalringa informs that the Mizoram Government has endorsed the draft proposals for laying down of arms by the BNLF cadres and repatriation of Brus lodged in the Tripura relief camps.
    • July 1: The Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), armed wing of the Zomi Revolutionary Organisation (ZRO), in a statement issued by its ‘commandant 201 battalion’ T. Romeo denies involvement of its cadres in extortion in Champhai town near the Myanmar border.
    • July 8: Speaking in the State Legislative Assembly, Mizoram Home Minister Tawnluia says that 29 insurgents belonging to the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak Muivah (NSCN-IM), National Democratic Front of Burma-North East (NDFB-NE), HNLC and ZRA have been arrested in the State between January 2002 and June 2004. Recovery of nine weapons and 776 rounds of ammunition have also been made during the period.
    • July 25: A group of 15 ZRA cadres abduct eleven youths from Leisenzo village in the Champhai district.
    • July 27: Police arrests a ZRA cadre, Thangtinlian, from Leisenzo village in Champhai district along the Mizoram-Myanmar border.
    • August 1: Police arrests three ZRA militants, suspected to be part of the group that abducted 11 villagers from Leisenzo village on July 27.
    • September 8: Police arrests 11 militants belonging Zo-Lushai Liberation Army, including its chief Chalthanzuala, son of the first Chief Minister Ch. Chhunga, from the capital town of Aizawl and other places.
    • October 24: Following the eleventh round of peace talks last week, the Government of Mizoram finalizes a formula for a peace deal with BNLF. According to reports, a formal peace agreement would be signed by both the parties once the Union government sanctions the funds required to implement the peace package.
    • November 28: Chief Minister Zoramthanga claims that the protracted peace talks between his government and the BNLF had reached a "decisive stage" with the group giving up its demand for an autonomous council to administer the Bru-inhabited areas of the state. He further says that the State government would require at least Rupees 30 crore to properly implement the rehabilitation package promised to the tribal community.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2002

    • February 28: Fourth round of talks start in Aizwal between the Mizoram government and Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF) to resolve the Reang refugees' issue.
    • March 1: BNLF-Mizoram government talks end inconclusively.
    • March 27: Three Union Territory Demand Army (UTDA) terrorists surrender to the Saiha district police chief.
    • May 23: Fifth round of talks held in Aizwal between the Mizoram government and BNLF remains inconclusive.
    • August 23: Mizoram government and BNLF discuss various issues related to the Reang community at the sixth round of talks in Aizwal. BNLF conveys its intention to settle for an Area Development Council.
    • October 10: Report says two police officers have been suspended in Sakawrdai, Aizawl, for their alleged links with Hmar People’s Convention-Democrats (HPC-D) terrorists.
    • October 17: Seventh round of BNLF-Mizoram government talks in Aizawl remains inconclusive.
    • November 14: Chief Minister Zoramthanga offers to help bring terrorist outfits in the Northeast, including the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), to the negotiating table.
    • November 30: Chief Minister Zoramthanga says the Union government has asked him to initiate thepeace process with the Northeast-based terrorist outfits.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2001

    • February 16: State Home Minister Tawnluia asks Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF) terrorists to surrender before taking up any repatriation of Bru refugees from the six camps in Tripura.
    • April 6: Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga discloses to media persons that, on the request of Manik Sarkar, his Tripura counterpart, he held talks with National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) terrorist leaders in Aizawl. The talks reportedly remained inconclusive.
    • April 11: Manipur's Hmar People's Convention -Democrats (HPC-D) terrorists abduct seven civilians near the river Tuivai on the Mizoram-Manipur border. Three are released subsequently.
    • April 23: Terrorists of the HPC-D say the April 11 abductions were meant to "pressurise the State Government on their demand for a separate autonomous district council inside Mizoram".
    • June 5: Police arrest four Myanmarese nationals living in Aizwal, including a woman and a former Chin National Army (CNA) terrorist, at Sihphir village, and also seize grenades, arms and sophisticated ammunition, estimated to be worth about Rs. 4 lakh.
    • June 24: The remaining four persons of the original seven taken captive on April 11 are released. Three have already been set free.
    • July 15: Mizoram government clarifies that any talks with the BNLF would be bilateral. The talks’ proposal breaks down as the outfit insists that a senior Subsidiary Intelligence Bureau official should be present at the talks.
    • August 9: Media reports indicate 161 cadres of the Bru National Steering Commitee (BNSC) were imparted arms training at the Naisingpara refugee camp in North Tripura district. The report also suggests that, after training, they might join the BNLF.
    • August 12: Rev. Liandawla, Mizoram government emissary, expresses optimism that the BNLF can be brought to the negotiating table.
    • August 25: Assam Rifles raids a CNA hideout in Zawngling area, southern Mizoram.
    • August 30: The Joint action committee of ex-Mizo National Army Association (MNA), an organisation of former Mizo insurgents, sends a memorandum to Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee demanding review of the 1986 Mizo Accord.
    • September 6: BNLF submits charter of demands to Mizoram government. This includes creation of a separate autonomous district council for the Brus comprising the non-western belt of the State, reservation of five seats for Bru community in the State Legislative Assembly and immediate repatriation of Bru refugees, among others.
    • September 24: Four National Socialist Council of Nagaland––Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) terrorists coming to Mizoram from Bangladesh are killed allegedly by their fellow cadres.
    • Five other NSCN-IM terrorists surrender to Border Security Force (BSF) personnel near Pharva village, in southern Mizoram. An AK-56 assault rifle, a Russian Dragunov sniper rifle, a .303 rifle, 64 Chinese grenades and approximately 600 rounds of ammunition are handed over by the surrendering terrorists.
    • October 16: An HPC-D terrorist surrenders on the Mizoram-Manipur border, in Zohmun locality. He hands over a US-made M-16 rifle, six magazines and 61 rounds of ammunition.
    • October 19: Eight HPC-D terrorists surrender to the police. Police sources say four terrorists surrendered at Khawlian hamlet, three others at Sakawrdai village and another in Aizwal.
    • November 23: Second round of negotiations held in Aizwal between the Mizoram government and the BNLF.
    • December 17: Mizoram Armed Police (MAP) and United National Liberation Front (UNLF) terrorists exchange fire at Vaitin village near Aizwal. No injuries or casualties are reported.

    CHRONOLOGY: 2000

    • March 31: Suspected HPC-D terrorists abduct six North Eastern Electric Power Cooperation (NEEPCO) employees from the project-site of the 60-MW Tuirial Hydel Power project on the Mizoram-Assam border.
    • April 15: Suspected BNLF terrorists abduct two government employees and torch a State transport corporation bus near Saithah, close to Aizawl, Mizoram.
    • June 7: 16 armed terrorists of Manipur's Hmar Revolutionary Force (HRF) formally surrender to the State Home Minister.
    • June 14: NEEPCO employees, abducted on March 31 by HRF-D terrorists, are set free unconditionally.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1998

    • April: According to media reports, (on an unspecified date) a new outfit called as either the Mizoram Accord Implementation Demand Action (MAIDA) or the Mizoram Accord Implementation Demand Force (MAIDF) has been founded. Details of the organisation are not known.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1994

    • July 27: Peace accord between the Mizoram government and the Manipur-based Hmar People’s Convention (HPC) is signed. Sinlung Hill Development Council (SHDC) also formed under the agreement with Hmingchungnunga as its chairman.
    • October 27: 308 HPC terrorists surrender to the State government along with arms.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1993

    • December 5: Congress-I wins 16 seats while its ally, the erstwhile Mizo Janata Dal led by Brig Sailo, bags eight in the Mizoram Legislative Assembly elections. MNF finishes second with 14 seats.

     CHRONOLOGY: 1989

    • January 21: Elections are held to the Mizoram Legislative Assembly.
    • January 24: Congress wins a majority in Mizoram securing 23 of the 40 seats. Lal Thanhawla sworn in Chief Minister.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1988

    • August 30: MNF splits and is reduced to a minority in the State Legislative Assembly.
    • September 7: President's Rule declared in Mizoram.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1987

    • February 16: Elections to the first Mizoram State Legislative Assembly are held.
    • February 19: MNF wins 24 out of the 40 seats in the State Legislative Assembly.
    • February 20: Mizoram formally founded as a State. Hiteshwar Saikia is appointed Governor of the new State.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1986

    • June 26: Mizo National Front chief Laldenga formally renounces terrorism.
    • June 30: Mizo Accord signed between Union government and MNF. The document is signed by Laldenga, on behalf of the MNF, and Union Home Secretary RD Pradhan, on behalf of the Government of India. Mizoram Chief Secretary Lalkhama, too, signs the agreement.
    • July: Approximately 614 MNF cadres come over-ground at Parva and Marpara. Weapons, including Light Machine Guns, are handed over to the authorities.
    • August 5: Constitution Amendment Bill to confer Statehood on Mizoram is passed in the Lok Sabha, India’s Lower House of Parliament.
    • August 20: Ban on Mizo National Front is lifted.
    • August 21: Laldenga sworn in Chief Minister of Mizoram.
    • Lal Thanhawla steps down to make way for an MNF-Congress coalition government.
    • August 25: Chief Minister Laldenga announces general amnesty for all MNF cadres who came over-ground.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1985

    • February 15: Laldenga meets Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Talks remain inconclusive.
    • March 5: Mizoram declared disturbed area for the next six months under the Assam Disturbed Areas Act, 1955.
    • September 5: Mizoram is declared a disturbed area for another six months.
    • Talks resume between Laldenga and Rajiv Gandhi.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1984

    • Operations against MNF are suspended.
    • January 23: Mizo National Front, Mizo National Army declared unlawful, once again.
    • March 23: Three MNF members die in an encounter with security forces (SF) in southern Mizoram.
    • April 25: Approximately 150 MNF cadres from various places are arrested ahead of the State Legislative Assembly elections.
    • Two SF personnel are reported killed at an unnamed place in the State.
    • April 29: Indian National Congress wins 20 of the 30 seats in the Legislative Assembly elections.
    • Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares her intention to negotiate with the MNF.
    • May 5: Lal Thanhawla, Indian National Congress leader, becomes Chief Minister.
    • September 6: The Union Territory of Mizoram is declared a disturbed area for the next six months.
    • October 29: Laldenga returns to New Delhi from London to hold talks with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
    • October 30: Indira Gandhi is assassinated. Talks with Laldenga do not resume.
    • November 23: Formal talks are held between MNF and the new caretaker Union government led by Rajiv Gandhi.
    • December 20: Talks are held between MNF and Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi held.
    • December 31: Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi leads the Indian National Congress to victory in the Parliamentary elections.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1982

    • January 20: MNF and MNA are banned under Unlawful Activities Act. Laldenga is asked to leave the country.
    • Restrictions on movement and dusk-to-dawn curfews are renewed in the State.
    • April 21: Laldenga leaves for London.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1980

    • April 4: Laldenga holds talks with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. All charges against him are dropped. Laldenga also orders an MNF ceasefire and publicly disavows terrorism.
    • June 30: Laldenga is released from prison. Charges against him are also withdrawn.
    • Government suspends counter-terrorism operations in Mizoram.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1979

    • May 8: Brigadier Sailo becomes Chief Minister of Mizoram for the second time after mid-term elections to the Legislative Assembly are held.
    • July 8: Laldenga is arrested. Subsequently, Biakchhunga and his followers also return to India and surrender arms.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1978

    • March: MNF's informal talks with the government are discontinued as Laldenga refuses to give up the demand for an interim government to be headed by him and his 'party'. Laldenga continues to stay on in Delhi. On the other hand, he allegedly asks the MNA to step-up subversive activities against India.
    • MNA asks non-Mizos employed in Mizoram to leave area by July 1979.
    • May: People’s Conference Party led by Sailo wins elections in Mizoram and forms government.
    • June: Sailo allegedly helps cause a split in the MNF. Laldenga ousted as MNF President and is replaced by Biakchhunga.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1977

    • May 9: Chhunga Ministry in the State resigns at the end of its five-year term.
    • May 18: Union government resumes talks to find ways to implement the July 1976 'accord'. The talks fail and Laldenga is asked to leave the country by June 6, 1977.
    • June 9: A group of 62 MNF and MNA cadres led by Sawmvela, ex-MNA 'chief', surrender arms to Lieutenant Governor S. K. Chibber. They also declare that it is 'immoral' to continue terrorism after the New Delhi accord of July 1976.
    • Union government asks Laldenga to leave the country by November 21. He, however, manages to stay on in Delhi and pursues further dialogue with Home Minister Charan Singh through informal channels.
    • May-December: President's rule.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1976

    • January: At a secret meeting with Indian authorities, an MNF delegation led by Laldenga agrees, among other things, to lay down arms and to seek resolution of all existing problems within the framework of the Indian Constitution.
    • January 24: Laldenga arrives in New Delhi.
    • February 11-18: MNF delegation led by Laldenga and comprising of Tlangchhuaka, Chawngzuala and Biakchhunga holds discussions with Union Home Secretary S.L. Khurana, Lieutenant Governor S.K. Chibber, and Joint Secretary (North East) M.L. Kampani. The MNF delegation, among other things, acknowledges that Mizoram is an integral part of India.
    • July: Union government and MNF issue a Joint communiqué based on the January 1976-secret talks.
    • People's Conference leader Brig Sailo is under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA).

    CHRONOLOGY: 1975

    • January 13: MNA 'Captain' Lalhleia and three other MNA cadres kill Inspector General of Police G. S. Ayra, Deputy Inspector General of Police L. B. Sewa and Superintendent of Police Panchapagesan while they are in a meeting at the police headquarters in Aizawl. The assailants escape from the incident-site.
    • April 23: 'Colonel' Biakvela leads another group of 20 MNA cadres to the Kachin area of Burma ( Myanmar) on their way to China.
    • June 30: Approximately 27 MNA cadres of the China team that had visited there under 'Major' Demokhseik Gangte in December 1973 surrender to the Indian army in Imphal after the Burmese Army killed two of their men in an encounter.
    • November: Differences surface between Laldenga on the one hand and MNF 'vice president' Tlangchhuaka, MNA 'chief' Biakchhunga and MNF 'president' K. Chawngzuala, on the other, in Cologne, Germany, over the matter of talks with the Union government. The meet decides Laldenga would seek the mandate of an MNF convention in Arakan.

     CHRONOLOGY: 1972-74

    • Led by Lalhleia, a band of MNF cadres indulge in large-scale abductions, extortion, assassinations, murders, looting, arson, sniping and laying ambushes.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1974

    • January 10: MNF cadres lay an ambush on the convoy of Lieutenant Governor S. P. Mukerjee, who survives bullet injuries.
    • Mizo Union Party merges with Indian National Congress.
    • April 17: Brigadier Sailo founds a political party known as People's Conference.
    • April: The MNA group under 'Major' Demokhseik Gangte that had visited Yunnan in December 1973 starts its return journey after staying their for approximately three and half months.
    • August 20: Laldenga, on a passport issued by Pakistan in the name of Peter Lee, flies to Geneva to meet an (unnamed) Indian official. In a letter addressed to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, he confirms willingness to return to India for talks.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1973

    • Dusk-to-dawn curfew continuing for the past 13 years is lifted in the State; movement-by-permit system is also abolished.
    • November: Laldenga sends his aides, Zoramthanga and Zal Sangliana, to contact the Indian mission at Kabul.
    • December 28: MNA cadres led by 'Major' Demokhseik Gangte that started its journey in November 1972 enter Yunnan (Tinsum county) in China and stay there for three months and 10 days.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1972

    • January 21: The Union Territory of Mizoram comes into being.
    • February: Laldenga appoints Biakchhunga as MNF chief.
    • April 18: Mizo Union Party forms the first government in Mizoram after elections are held to the 30-member Mizoram Union Territory (UT) Legislature. The party wins 21 seats.
    • May 13: Lawrence C. Chhunga becomes the first Chief Minister of Mizoram.
    • November: 'Major' Demokhseik Gangte leads a group of MNF cadres from Arakan Hills in Myanmar to China. While passing through Kachin area in Myanmar they are first intercepted by the Kachin Independent Army (KIA), but subsequently guided to the Chinese border. KIA asks the group to give them half the arms and ammunition they would receive from China.
    • 500 MNF cadres surrender.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1972-1973

    • Laldenga stays in Karachi, Pakistan.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1971

    • February: Laldenga sends emissaries to explore the possibility of a negotiated settlement with the Government of India.
    • August: Union government offers general amnesty and economic help such as a rehabilitation package to surrendering MNF cadres.
    • December: MNF 'foreign secretary' Lalhmingthanga, 'finance minister' Lalkhawliana and 'education secretary' Thangkima and 14 other top-ranking MNF cadres surrender to the Indian authorities.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1970

    • Rifts surfaces within the MNF. Laldenga and S. Lianzuala lead the hard-liners, while MNF 'vice president' C. Lalnunmawia, C. Lalkhawliana, Thankima and R. Zamawia, among others, lead the 'moderates'.
    • March: Laldenga removes Lalnunmawia from the post of MNF 'vice president'.
    • Lianzuala appointed new MNF ‘vice president’.
    • 'Amy chief' Sawmvela is replaced by MNF 'defence minister' Zamawia.
    • November (to February 1971): Laldenga visits China along with 'foreign minister' Lalhmingthanga. The Chinese reportedly assure him of continued help, training facilities and supply of arms.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1969-70

    • Army carries out counter-terrorism operations against the MNF.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1969

    • Laldenga sends his emissary, Vanlalngaia, to assess the climate for negotiations with the Union government.
    • March: Church leaders write to B. C. Cariappa, the Commissioner of Cachar and Mizo Hills Division and the Union government’s Liaison Officer, conveying MNF 'finance minister’ Lalkhawliana's intention of a peaceful settlement of the Mizo issue.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1967-69

    • Regrouping of hill population in ‘protected and progressive villages’ is adopted to supplement counter-terrorism measures.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1967

    • The Mizo National Front is outlawed.
    • April: Security forces (SFs) arrest MNF 'Home Minister'Sainghaka.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1966

    • MNF leads the terror campaign.
    • February 28: Government installations in Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, Chhimluang and other places are attacked simultaneously by the Mizo National Army, the armed wing of the MNF.
    • November: Mizo church leaders hold secret meetings with Laldenga at Sabual village; they criticise the MNF for issuing threats to innocent Mizo population.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1961

    • October 22: Mizo National Front (MNF) formed under Laldenga's leadership. The MNF proclaims as its objective the achieving of a sovereign, independent 'Greater Mizoram'.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1960

    • March: Mizo Cultural Society changes its name to 'Mautam Front'
    • September: Mizo Cultural Society adopts the name Mizo National Famine Front (MNFF).

    CHRONOLOGY: 1959

    • Mizo Hills devastated by a great famine called by Mizos as the 'Mautam Famine'.
    • Mizo Famine Front is formed.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1955

    • Mizo Cultural Society is formed with Pu Laldenga as its Secretary.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1952

    • Following suggestions made by the Gopinath Bordoloi sub-Committee
    • Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council comes into existence. Chieftanship is abolished in Mizoram.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1935

    • Tribal districts of Assam, including Lushai Hills, are declared as Excluded Area.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1919

    • Lushai Hills declared Backward Tract under government of India Act.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1898

    • North and south Mizo hills are merged to form Lushai Hills district with Aizawl as headquarters.

    CHRONOLOGY: 1895

    • Mizo Hills are formally declared part of British India through a proclamation.

      (Chronology from 1995-2007: Courtesy-

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