AGRICULTURE

Agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants of Sikkim. Agriculture has a history of its own in Sikkim. By and large, Sikkim's wealth is derived from agriculture and forests. The nature of the terrain and varied micro climatic conditions influence agriculture in Sikkim. Maize, paddy, wheat, barley and buck wheat are the main cereals grown in Sikkim. Sikkim has the largest area and the highest production of large cardamom in India.

Land use statistics (2013-14)

Indicators Area (in ‘000 ha.) Percentage
Total Geographic area
710
------
Reporting area for land utilization
443
100
Forests
336
75.85
Not available for land cultivation
10
2.26
Permanent pasture and other grazing lands
------
------
Land under misc. tree Crops & groves
4
0.90
Culturable waste land
4
0.90
Fallow Land Other than Current fallow
5
1.13
Current Fallow
7
1.58
Net area sown
77
17.38

 

Area, Production and Productivity in Sikkim 2015-16

Crop Area (000’ hectares) Production (000’ tones) Productivity (kg./ha)
Rice
10.67
19.69
1845.25
Wheat
0.32
0.35
1071.21
Maize
38.96
68.31
1753.56
Finger Millet
2.85
2.91
1020.33
Barley
0.45
0.47
1055.93
Buckwheat
3.57
3.47
972.27
Pulses
5.67
5.38
948.85
Oilseeds
6.94
6.31
909.75

Source: Annual Reports, Food Security & Agriculture Development Department, Government of Sikkim

Sericulture

District-wise, Sector-wise Cocoon Production Target - 2014

District Cocoon production target in kg. (muga in No.) Total of mulberry & Eri cocoon
Mulberry Eri Muga
East
2800
336
48000
3136
West
4500
1228.6
192000
5728.50
South
2500
571.4
66000
3071.4
Total
9800
2136.02
306000
11935.90

(Source: Directorate of Sericulture, FEWMD, GoS)

Floriculture


Agriculture is broad in nature, it can be split in two branches one is for food crops and another one is for non-food crops. In non-food crops, floriculture is one of the major sectors. Floriculture includes: garden plants, cut cultivated greens, cut flowers, flowering potted plants, foliage plants, floriculture propagative material. Floriculture is the latest addition to the commercial economy of the agriculture sector and is developing with all its potential.

Government Investment in Horticultural Crop from 2008-09 to 2010-11 in Sikkim:

Crop Category Investment in the Year (Rupees in Lakh) Total (Rupees in Lakh) Rank
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
Spices
330.2
247
253.13
830.33
5
Flowers
598
806
494.25
1898.25
1
Fruits
391.69
381.56
347.31
1120.56
3
Vegetables
338
443.95
244.69
1026.64
4
Root and Tuber Crops
31.85
39
------
70.85
6
Bee Keeping
26.4
41.65
------
68.05
7
Organic Farming
326
480
395
1201
2

Source: Biswas and Majumdar; 2013, Horticulture and Cash Crops Development, Govt. of Sikkim

 

State Production of Cut Flower:

Flower 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Area in ‘000 Ha Production in lakh Nos. Area in ‘000 Ha Production in lakh Nos. Area in ‘000 Ha Production in lakh Nos.
0.175
200
0.188
212.5
0.21
235

Supply of flower outside the state:

Flower No. of Stem
Orchid
120000
Anthurium
110000
Gerbera
1200000
Alstrameria
50000
Carnation
50000

Source: Horticultural Departmental Official (October, 2014)

Livestock

Livestock population in Sikkim

Year Cattle Buffalos Goats Sheep Pigs Horse & Ponies Yaks Total Livestock (in ‘000)
2012
140.47
0.70
113.36
2.63
29.91
511.00
4.04
802.11

Estimates of Milk, Egg & Wool Production

Year Milk Production ('000 tonnes) Egg Production (Lakh Nos.) Wool Production ('000 kg)
2011-12
45.00
146.24
1.00
2012-13
42.24
146.00
1.00

Source: Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India