AGRICULTURE

Agriculture is the backbone of Sikkim’s economy. Agriculture and allied activities employ about 64% of the population of the state. The agriculture sector contributes one-third of the state’s Gross Domestic Product. The main crop that earns revenue to the state is cardamom. It is the crop that generates maximum revenue in the sector of agriculture at Sikkim. Most of the land under agriculture around Sikkim is used for the growth of cardamom. Tea and coffee are the other two crops that generate revenue to the state economy. The other crops and vegetables grown are rice, wheat, maize, finger-millet, barley and buckwheat, pulses like urad, ricebean, rajmah, fieldpea, cowpea and cluster-bean, oilseeds like rapeseed, mustard, soybean, safflower, ginger, orange, seed potato, flowers and off-season vegetables.

Area and Production of Cereal Crops, 2006-07

Sl. No.

Crops

Area in '000 Hectare

Production in
'000 Tonnes

Productivity in Kgs per Hectare

1

Rice

14.15

21.45

15159

2

Wheat

6.38

10.36

1623.82

3

Maize

40.85

64.89

1588.49

4

Finger-Millet

4.14

3.9

942.03

5

Barley

1.15

1.27

1104.35

6

Buckwheat

2.04

1.79

877.45

    Total Cereals

68.71

103.66

1509.76

Area and Production of Oilseeds, 2006-07

Sl. No.

Crops

Areain '000 Hectare

Production in '000 Tonnes

Productivity
in Kgs per Hectare

1

Rapeseed and Mustard

5.28

4.06

768.94

2

Soybean

3.69

3.23

875.33

Total Oilseeds

8.97

7.29

812.71

Area and Production of Fruits, 2006-07

Sl. No.

Crops

Area in '000 Hectare

Production in '000 Tonnes

Productivity
 in Kgs per
Hectare

1

Orange

5.55

9.25

1667

2

Other Fruits

2.27

3.94

1733

Total Fruits

7.82

13.19

1686

Area and Production of Pulses, 2006-07

Sl. No.

Crops

Area in '000 Hectare

Production in '000 Tonnes

Productivity
in Kgs per Hectare

1

Urd

3.55

2.78

783.1

2

Other Pulses

2.41

2.67

1107.88

3

Total Pulses

5.96

5.45

914.44

Total Foodgrain

74.62

109.11

1462.22

Source:

  • Sikkim, A Statistical Profile 2006-07
  • NEDFI Databank