AGRICULTURE

Just like other Northeastern states, Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Manipur. It occupies a significant place in the state’s economy of the state and is a major contributor to the total state domestic product. Agriculture provides employment to about 52.19 percent of the total workers in Manipur. Rice is the main staple food and is grown in hill and plain areas.

Manipur possesses a 7.41% cultivated area of the total geographical area of the State. Out of this total cultivated area, 52% is limited to the valley. Hence, half of the total valley area, which accommodates 67% of the total population, is engaged for agriculture purposes.

Estimated area and production of cereal crops

Year/State/
District
Rice Maize
Area
(’000 hectares)
Yield
(kg./hectare)
Production
(‘000 tonnes)
Area
(’000 hectares)
Yield
(kg./hectare)
Production
(‘000 tonnes)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
2010-11 168.78 2235.81 377.37 5.01 2376.14 11.91
2011-12 172.83 2240.18 387.17 5.90 1910.59 11.28
2012-13 175.04 2436.59 426.50 5.27 2454.20 11.10
2013-14 176.47 2703.29 477.05 5.15 2242.37 11.55
2014-15(P) 178.20 2706.23 482.25 5.30 2135.85 11.32

Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Manipur

Horticulture Production of Manipur for the last few years

( in lakh MT )

Year Fruits Vegetables Spices
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2008-09 3.48 1.74 0.96
2009-10 2.84 2.13 1.04
2010-11 3.72 1.93 1.07
2011-12 4.06 2.00 1.14
2012-13 4.41 2.20 1.26
2013-14 5.16 2.64 1.33

Source: Directorate of Horticulture & Soil Conservation, Manipur.

Production of major livestock products in Manipur

Year Milk
(’000 tonnes)
Egg
(Lakh Nos.)
Meat
(’000 tonnes)
2009-10 77.59 1,107.66 18.41
2010-11 78.00 1,137.04 20.68
2011-12 78.82 1,160.87 18.15
2012-13 79.09 1,176.95 20.8
2013-14 81.70 1,165.31 18.22
2014-15 82.17 1,130.96 26.57

Source: Livestock Census reports, Directorate of Veterinary & Animal Husbandry Services.

Livestock population of Manipur

Item Census Year
2003 2007 2012
Cattle 418.02 341.91 263.84
Crossbreed 68.93 65.64 44.31
Indigenous 349.09 276.27 219.53
Buffaloes 76.86 62.17 66.37
Mithun 19.73 9.91 10.13
Horses & Ponies 1.89 1.22 1.10
Sheep 6.48 8.70 15.79
Goat 33.48 50.58 65.16
Dog 131.25 182.27 161.82
Pig 414.53 313.92 277.22
Rabbit 1.00 1.12 2.04
Poultry 2940.67 2304.59 2499.52

Statistical Handbook of Manipur 2017