CHRONOLOGY: 2015

  • February 4: According to a senior Government official, the State Home Department is yet to find an interlocutor for initiating peace talks with HNLC.
  • February 5: Assistant teacher of Tura Christian Girls' Higher Secondary School, Iqbal Rafique, who was abducted on February 1 from Assam, is released.
  • February 13: Meghalaya Police rescue an individual identified as Niren Rabha, who was abducted by unidentified militants from an unspecified location. According to police, Rabha was rescued after police conducted operations at Lalmati / Kholishabhita areas under Garobadha in West Garo Hills.
  • February 15: Unidentified militants shot dead a farmer, identified as Dawang B Marak at Sawakalgitok village in West Garo Hills.
  • February 26: New DGP Rajiv Mehta states, "There cannot be any deadline to end insurgency in Meghalaya". He also said that there is no new strategy to deal with militancy and the biggest stumbling block to tackle militancy in Garo Hills was the terrain.
  • March 2: Suspected GNLA militants lob a crude bomb at a petrol pump in Shallang area in West Khasi Hills District and injure two employees of the petrol station, identified as Amresh Kumar and Mejentis. SP West Khasi Hills Sylvester Nongtynger stated that that it is the handiwork of GNLA or AMEF.
  • March 3: Meghalaya DGP tells the SPs of the five Garo Hills Districts to effectively involve the community in the fight against militant groups.
  • March 9: Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi has made a conditional talks offer to both GNLA and HNLC by saying that commitment of the Government to have dialogue with the militant outfit remains, provided they give up their anti-national stance and abjure violence.
  • March 10: About to 40 GNLA militants ambush a Police team travelling from remote Rongara Police Station to Baghmara in South Garo Hills District, at Panda reserve forest area killing four Policemen and injuring two.
  • March 10: HNLC tells MHA to first ban all the ‘Hindutva ‘militant groups’ of the Sangh Parivar instead of banning HNLC. HNLC “publicity secretary”, Sainkupar Nongtraw stated that “The Sangh Parivar, is a family of several Hindu outfits inspired by the ideology of the RSS, representing the Hindu nationalist movement, whose ultimate aim lies in transforming India into a theocratic Hindu state, and wipe away all minorities including Muslims, Christians and Sikhs”.
  • April 7: Suspected ULFA militant was killed in an operation by East Garo Hills Police in the Nokrek National Biosphere region in West Garo Hills. A joint training camp of ULFA and GNLA was also destroyed. The operation began on April 5 after receiving intelligence reports about the presence of a major training camp housing both ULFA and GNLA militants and as many as 70 cadres from the two outfits were being imparted training. Police recovered a pistol, an IED explosive, an air gun and large quantities of ration and other supplies from the camp.
  • April 7: GNLA hideout in South Garo Hills District is busted after intercepting a courier carrying extortion money in Tura leading to the arrest of two militants of GNLA.
  • April 21: GNLA trigger a powerful bomb blast targeting two vehicles of a police convoy in remote Nangalbibra region of South Garo Hills that borders East Garo Hills District, injuring three Policemen and two civilians.
  • April 21: As many as nine North East militant groups, including CorCom , ULFA-I, NSCN-K , UNLF form a joint front, United National Liberation Front of West South East Asia (UNLFW). At least three rounds of meetings have been held among representatives of the outfits at undisclosed locations in Sagaing division of Myanmar over the last one month. SS Khaplang the ‘chairman’ of NSCN-K is selected as the ‘chief’ of the ‘united front’. The move to form a joint front by rebel groups has been in the offing since 2011.
  • May 3: A junior engineer of the State’s Border Area Development department, identified as Alladin Sangma was abducted by suspected GNLA militants at Dambul Aga village South Garo Hills.
  • May 7: A suspected GNLA militant, identified as Gambat, is gunned down by Meghalaya Police and the Army in Tapa Darengchi area in North Garo Hills.
  • May 9: A retired teacher of Don Bosco School, identified as Gaganendra Sanyal is abducted from Jekabari, near Garobadha in West Garo Hills.
  • May 10: Unknown miscreants hurl a petrol bomb at Soil Conservation office at Jowai in West Jaintia Hill District.
  • May 22: Retired teacher Gaganendra Sanyal, who was abducted on May 9 is released near Praharinagar locality in West Garo Hills. Tura police claim that a group of individuals working for ASAK from the Rangsakona region played a key role in the abduction.
  • May 24: The Supreme Court grants a respite to GNLA leader Champion Sangma by setting aside the order of East Garo Hills District Magistrate, passed in 2013, to detain him under MPDA.
  • June 11: Bangladesh has begun operations against north-eastern insurgent groups based on its soil following inputs from BSF. BSF Public Relation Officer (PRO) said that the operations against Northeast based insurgent groups are being conducted in Bangladesh and many of them (militants) have already left the neighbouring country.
  • July 3: Armed militants open fire on a passing vehicle between Dalu to Tura in West Garo Hills. GNLA 'joint publicity secretary' Garo Mandai Ch Marak stated that his group had targeted the passing vehicle only to highlight their ongoing agitation in support of the unconditional release of AAYF President Salsam Marak.
  • July 3: A cloth merchant is abducted from Bollore weekly market near Gambegre in West Garo Hill District. ASAK is suspected to be behind abductions.
  • July 4: Suspected GNLA militants kill a civilian identified as Abdul Latif, who was abducted on June 28. The body was recovered from banks of the Ringi river in Waribokgre Village in West Garo Hills.
  • July 13: Abductors of sports officer of Baghmara identified as KM Sharma, called up his wife demanding ransom.
  • July 14: Meghalaya Police states that GNLA is involved in the abduction of District Sports officer of South Garo Hills, K.M. Sharma. IG Raju stated that it is the GNLA's handiwork. Villagers from Kherapara have identified Hadeo Momin behind the abduction," Hadeo is one of the most wanted GNLA ‘commanders’ operating along the Chokpot area of South Garo Hills.
  • August 2: Abdul Goni, who was abducted by armed assailants on July 29, manages to escape from them. He was abducted from Hajongpara village near Damalgre in West Garo Hills District.
  • August 9: GNLA has formed seven-member ‘special operation team’ known as ‘Eagle Hunters’ to attack Police personnel. In a statement issued to the media GNLA said that the team of Eagle Hunters was specifically formed to carry out attacks on Police personnel anytime anywhere. “Our Eagle Hunters team will shoot Police personnel dead on the spot no matter how many police personnel are there at the time of the incident,”.
  • August 15: A Policeman, Bijoy Momin, who was on his way Mendipathar in his motorcycle, was stopped by alleged GNLA militants, assaulted and set his bike on fire at Rongkamenchi village near Resubelpara in North Garo Hills District. "Twelve heavily armed militants stopped him, beat him up and torched his bike. While the rebels were thrashing the constable, villagers gathered at the spot, forcing the militants to fire in the air and flee," said North Garo Hills SP Ramesh Singh.
  • August 18: South Garo Hills Police shot dead a Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) ‘deputy area commander’ Silbirth M Sangma at Sawekolgre village in Chokpot Region in South Garo Hills District. A Chinese pistol was recovered from the dead militant.
  • August 27: Ri Bhoi Police busted a gang of abductors and rescued a civilian Rafikul Islam. The abductors claimed to be ANCA. They had abducted Rafikul Islam of Borbalu village on August 20 from his work place in 18 Mile, Brynihat in Ri-Bhoi District.
  • August 17: Karbi militants abduct the secretary of Shilliang-Mynriang village, in West Jaintia Hill District, identified as Wom Shadap, besides chasing away several Khasi villagers compelling them to take shelter in the nearby villages.
  • September 9: Nagaland and Assam Governor PB Acharya states that 4000 NSCN-IM militants would be absorbed into SFs under the recent ‘framework agreement’ signed between GoI and NSCN-IM. He stated that since the members of the group (NSCN I-M) have long been cut off from the civil society and living with arms, the government has decided to absorb some 4,000 of them into the security forces in a big way.”
  • October 19: Fakrul Islam (32), a resident of Krishnai Badwan of Assam, is killed by suspected militants in Bajengdoba village in North Garo Hills District. The body of Islam was recovered from an area under Bajengdoba Police Station in East Garo Hills.
  • October 24: The bodies of IB officer Bikash Singh and cloth merchant Kamal Saha, are recovered from a village in Meghalaya's South Garo Hills District. A Police team led by DSP Chauenlai Sangma recovered the bodies from a pit about two kilometers from Bolchugre village, bordering Bangladesh, and about 450 kilometers from Shillong. ASAK militants had abducted the two at gunpoint from an area between Ampangre and Panda reserve forest on September 24, while Singh and Saha were travelling in a public vehicle towards Baghmara from Rongara.
  • October 25: Former leader of the ANVC-B Bernard N Marak expressed his concern over the delay of implementation of the ‘Agreed Text for Settlement’. The MoS or the ‘Agreed Text for Settlement’ was signed between the ANVC, ANVC-B, Centre and Meghalaya government in September 24, 2014.
  • October 26: Rezaul Parvez who was abducted on October 21, from a private hostel at Nagaon Aminpatti (Assam), is allegedly killed by the abductors and his body was recovered by Police at Nongpoh in Ri Bhoi District.
  • October 27: The BDO of Chokpot region in South Garo Hills District is abducted by suspected GNLA militants near Deku. Jude Rangku T Sangma, a 2010 Meghalaya Civil Service batch officer, left Chokpot block office around 4:30 pm enroute to Tura and had stopped over at a funeral of a relative in Deku Deganggre village. The armed militants took the BDO hostage and chased away his two companions while leaving the vehicle behind on the roadside. Police sources reveal that GNLA 'commander' Hedeo Ch Momin alias Karak was the mastermind behind the abduction of the BDO.
  • October 29: The GNLA threatened to execute abducted BDO of Chokpot, Jude Rangku T Sangma, if the government does not stop counter-insurgency operations in Garo Hills. The outfit released a photograph of the official and asked his family to ensure that the operation was put on halt in November.
  • November 1: Five days after the abduction of the Chokpot BDO Jude Rangku T Sangma by GNLA militants from Deku Deganggre village on October 27, Police are still clueless on the whereabouts of the official. Police sources have admitted to lack of information on the fate of the BDO. A day after the kidnap, the GNLA claimed responsibility for the abduction and stated that the officer had blamed the outfit and politicians for the delay in implementation of projects and withdrawal of funds worth over Rs 40 crore. The GNLA has set a November-end deadline for the State Government to stop anti-insurgency operations in Garo Hills in return for the safe release of the BDO.
  • November 2: The proscribed GNLA announces that the Chokpot, BDO, Jude Rangku T Sangma, in South Garo Hills District is released from its custody unharmed.
  • November 2: The Meghalaya HC directs the Centre to consider the use of AFSPA, 1958, in the Garo Hills to check rising militancy and frequent kidnapping and killings. "Police and civil authorities, despite their best efforts, are not being able to control incidents of kidnapping for ransom and killings upon non-fulfillment of illegal demands. The native population is totally exposed to militancy. As the funds allocated by the Centre has not helped in ameliorating the declining law and order situation, we have no option but to direct it to consider the use of AFSPA in the Garo Hills area and deploy the armed and paramilitary forces to control the situation in the aid of, but certainly not under the command of, civil and police authorities till life becomes normal and the incidents of rampant kidnapping and killing totally stop," a full bench of the high court comprising chief justice Uma Nath Singh, justice TNK Singh and justice SR Sen said in an order issued in Shillong. The court will hear the matter again on November 18.
  • November 3: Meghalaya's DGP Rajiv Mehta admits that the law and order situation in the insurgency-hit Districts of the Garo Hills was "worrisome", but said it was up to the Centre to take a decision on the Meghalaya High Court order to enforce the AFSPA.
  • November 4: Two GNLA militants, identified as Evenezer Ch. Marak (22), and Jimberth Ch. Marak (30), are arrested from Rongram, on the outskirts of Tura in the West Garo Hills District.
  • November 6: Suspected GNLA militants abduct two persons, a Police head constable, identified as Khomraj Bhattarai and an unidentified Assam-based civilian, in North Garo Hills District.
  • November 6: Meghalaya Police says that it has intensified operations against militant and terrorist groups in Garo Hills, days after the Meghalaya High Court said Army operations maybe considered to bring normalcy in the affected region. IGP (Law and Order) GHP Raju said the State Police together with Central Armed Police Forces have intensified operations in Garo Hills to rein in the militant and terrorist groups. The area of operations is around Durama Hills in East Garo Hills District, a hotbed of most of the militants, including GNLA. "
  • November 9: Bullet ridden body of a guide, who had accompanied armed militants in West Khasi Hills and was later killed by them, was recovered earlier this week by relatives who buried the body without informing the Police. Police informed that unidentified militants had gone to the house of the victim Ezfockial G Marak (31) at Wahso village under Shallang Police Station and took him with them as a guide.
  • November 11: The Meghalaya Government seeks more central forces to fight militants in the insurgency-hit districts of Garo Hills, State Home Minister Roshan Warjri said. She said the prevailing law and order situation in Garo Hills does not warrant to impose the AFSPA in that area since Police were making all effort to tackle the militancy situation.
  • November 16: The Northeast states would continue its special category status after the Centre announced to continue with special plan assistance for the north-eastern states. NITI Aayog member, Bibek Debroy, announced that the Centre has agreed to continue with the special plan assistance for the Northeastern States.
  • November 20: The Chokpot Police, South Garo Hills District arrest a GNLA militant, identified as Toberth G Momin (24) of Ganggugre village. He was instrumental in the abduction of Chokpot BDO Jude Sangma. According to IG, operations, GHP Raju, Toberth was under surveillance for some time as his activities have come under the Police scanner.
  • November 26: In an alleged fake encounter, the Army gun down two civilians, including a teacher, near Konchikol under Kharkutta outpost around 8.40 pm when they were returning to their home at Rajasimla near Kharkutta in North Garo Hills.

CHRONOLOGY: 2014

  • January 3: A new militant outfit called ANCA is formed in Garo Hills with the aim to fight for the rights of the Garos."We hope and believe that our people will continue to remain united in the fight for the cause of our motherland so as to overcome all obstacles," said ANCA 'publicity secretary' Bilgrak A Sangma.
  • January 18: The GHSMC announced that it would resume its demand for a separate Garoland State on linguistic lines the decision for which was taken during its executive meeting held recently. In a statement issued in Tura the General Secretary of the GHSMC, Augustine R Marak assured that it would not be organizing NCMs, picketing and other forms of strong agitations until the upcoming examinations and Parliamentary Election are over.
  • January 23 : Chief Minister Mukul Sangma says that peace accord with ANVC would be signed at the earliest. "At the present pace and with the coming forward of other groups and splinter groups, final and lasting peace will shortly be ushered in the Garo Hills," Dr Sangma said while welcoming the outcome of January 23's tripartite meeting on peace pact. The CM said that certain modalities such as detailing the number of cadres and tabling an inventory of arms and ammunition must be completed for the process to move on.
  • January 27: Governor KK Paul announced during his Republic Day (January 26) speech that the Government has offered the path of dialogue to GNLA, the Chief Minister Mukul Sangma, went further ahead saying that an exercise is on to bring the outfit for talks.
  • January 30: Naga M Sangma, 39, the younger brother of Independent legislator Samuel M Sangma, is abducted by four suspected GNLA rebels from his house at Gasuapara area in South Garo Hills district.
  • February 2: Police arrest two ANLCA cadres, Charles D Shira and Salman S Sangma from Mawiaban under Nongstoin Police station in West Khasi Hills District. Both were involved in the recent abduction of Kredinath M Sangma, Nokma (village head) of Songsak Bonegre in East Garo Hills who is yet to be traced.
  • February 3: ANLA militants kill two people including one deserter, Ronald R. Marak and his nephew, Meghnath R. Marak. Ronald R. Marak, a former ‘finance secretary’ of the outfit, was abducted in the night of February 1 from his residence at Wageasi (East Garo Hills District) and his nephew Meghnath R. Marak.
  • February 3: Unidentified militants open fire on four persons killing three of them while one survived with a bullet injury at Nokrek Biospere hills in West Garo Hills district. One of the victims is said to be former politician and contractor, Rutherford R Marak of Araimile locality in Tura.
  • February 5: Naga Sangma, the younger brother of the MLA Samuel Sangma of Baghmara constituency, who was abducted by suspected GNLA militants from his home in Gasuapara, on January 30, is released unharmed in South Garo Hills district. A sum of INR 2 million was reportedly demanded by the GNLA for his release.
  • February 6: The bodies of one abducted contractor, Rutherford Marak and two unidentified men are recovered at Darechikgre between Daribokgre and Sakalgre villages in West Garo Hills district.
  • February 7: South Garo Hills Police uncovers a close nexus between the ANVC-B outfit and the GNLA-F that is preparing to float a new organization called the UPRA.
  • February 11: Ashish M Sangma, the Project Director of the District Rural Development Agency in South Garo Hills escapes unhurt when suspected GNLA-F fire at his vehicle at Rongdotchi area in South Garo Hills district.
  • February 11: The Central Government sanctions four companies of additional forces for counter insurgency operations in Garo Hills.
  • February 11: The ANVC-B submits the list of cadres to the Police and the State Government is planning to rehabilitate around 150 militants in camps to be opened shortly.
  • February 12: A group of senior GNLA leaders led by former 'finance secretary' Reding T Sangma breaks away from the outfit's military 'chief' Sohan D Shira and formed their own organization christening it ASAK. The 'commander-in-chief' (C-in-C) of the new outfit, Reding T Sangma, blamed Sohan for the fratricidal killings within the GNLA group and for targeting other 'revolutionary' outfits like the ANVC-B and the Norrok X Momin led UALA. The new outfit ASAK, which literally means the vanguards of Garoland has named its headquarters as Grikram.
  • February 13: The newly-floated Garo militant outfit, A’chik Tiger Force (ATF) demands equal 'tax' as its counterpart, the GNLA from the Traders of Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district. ATF 'area commander' of East Garo Hills, Mikkim Arengh said that the GNLA had been receiving huge amounts of money as 'taxes' from the traders of Williamnagar.
  • February 13: MHA submits the draft settlement agreement to be signed with the ANVC to the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for the final approval. Shambhu Singh, joint secretary (northeast) in the home ministry said, "Once the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs gave its sanction to draft agreement, the Centre will finalise the date for final signing of the peace accord with the ANVC".
  • February 16: The newly formed vigilante group, Achik Peace Volunteers Council ( APVC ) headquartered in Ampati, South West Garo Hills, while terming the talks with the Garo Hills based militants as unconstitutional, has asked the Centre to send additional forces to the region to tackle the militants and end the sufferings of the people. In a letter addressed to Anil Goswami, Secretary, Union Ministry of Home Affairs, APVC convener, Che Guevara Marak said that Council was formed with the mission of establishing peace in Garo Hills.
  • February 17: Welcoming Meghalaya Governor K. K. Paul’s offer of peace talks, GNLA ‘commander in chief’ Sohan D Shira maintained that it can happen only if their ‘chairman’ Champion R Sangma is released from prison and leads the group in the deliberations. Champion R Sangma is currently lodged in Shillong jail for subversive activities. He has obtained bail in several cases but needs to secure bail in two more cases to walk out free.
  • February 18: Two Policemen are arrested for smuggling arms from Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district. They have been identified as Balkera Sangma and Hawaldar Major Rakesh D Shira of the 5th and 1st battalions of the Meghalaya Police, respectively. The Policemen were ferrying arms for the newly-floated militant outfit, ASAK, said a source in the Police. Police recovered 30 magazine pouches and rifle schilling in a carton.
  • February 19: The State Police, arrested four cadres belonging to the newly formed militant outfit, the ASAK from West Garo Hills district.
  • February 19: The HNLC confirmed that former KSU vice president Frederick Kharmawphlang and 13 others had joined the outfit, with its publicity secretary Sainkupar Nongtraw claiming that they had joined the outfit since they were hunted by the police for demanding implementation of ILP.
  • February 22: The MHA Joint Secretary (Northeast) Shambhu Singh says that the insurgent outfits need to understand that it is a no win situation for them. “Groups are groups. Their numbers are limited. If it comes to handle them militarily, the might of the Government is always more than what they can muster”.
  • February 24: The GNLA says that the outfit is coming for talks not due to the fear of operations against its cadres by the Security Forces. "We did not beg for peace talks. We were invited by Governor KK Paul. After several meetings held among the leaders, well wishers, area commanders and cadres, GNLA resolved to accept the invitation of the Governor," 'political affairs secretary' of GNLA, Bikdot Nikjang Marak, said in a statement.
  • February 25: The 13 pro-ILP groups reject the claim of the State Government that the 52 existing laws are enough to tackle the problem of influx of illegal migrants into the State saying a strong legislation like ILP is the need of the hour to curb the problem of influx. "The existing laws are not enough to tackle the burning issue of influx. There are around 15 laws which deal with the problem influx, but they work in isolation," HNYF general secretary Sadon K Blah commented. Blah said, adding that there is a need to synergize and integrate the various laws to tackle the menace of influx.
  • February 26: The 'commander-in-chief' Sengpan Marak of ANLCA, and his close-aide Grewingston Marak who was involved in the January 23 kidnapping of a Nokma (village head), are arrested by Police in East Garo Hills district. A bundle containing 68 live rounds of 7.62 AK- rifle ammunition was also recovered from Sengpan Marak.
  • February 23: A woman who challenged a GNLA militant of extortion at Tura in West Garo Hills district, receives a call from the 'deputy commander' of GNLA on the same day threatening to eliminate her and her family.
  • February 27: The newly-floated militant outfit in Garo Hills ASAK opposes peace talks between the GNLA and Government. Dura Marak, 'general secretary' of the outfit accused GNLA leader Sohan Shira of making money in the name of Garo people even as he said that Shira was not fit to represent Garo people.
  • February 28: GNLA threatens to eliminate people who are extorting money in its name.
  • March 1: GNLA reacting to the ASAK 'general secretary' Dura Marak's claims that GNLA 'commander-in-chief', Sohan D Shira could be hunted down within a week if the Police conduct a tight operation in the Durama Hills, said that it had enough arms and fire power to meet any kind of challenges and situations.
  • March 2: The GNLA decides to ‘serve’ an ultimatum to the Government to make clear the latter’s stand on holding talks with the outfit. In a statement issued to the media, GNLA’s ‘political affairs secretary’ Bikdot Nikjang Marak says that in a recent meeting the GNLA resolved to ‘serve’ ultimatum to the Government to make clear its plans on holding talks with the outfit.
  • March 3: The rift within the ANVC-B comes to light with the formation of another group, Matchadu Matchabet, a popular phrase used in Garo hills, meaning an animal which looks a bit like a tiger and a bit like a man.
  • March 4: According to the CM, the State government is working on the modalities of peace talks with the GNLA.
  • March 7: The GNLA approves the names of the 10 person panel to hold talks with the Government. Rev. The names approved include, Fr Januarius Sangma, Rev. Bro. Einstein Marak, former minister Jova Marak, Mariam D. Shira, Heneritha Marak, activist Jaynie Ningring Sangma, Babyana Sangma and Marilyne D. Shira, NPP leader Roger Benny A. Sangma and advocate Sujit Dey.
  • March 9: The BSF handed over to the BGB a list of 66 terror camps in Bangladesh of militants operating in India’s Northeast. Camps of HNLC, ULFA, NDFB, PLA and a few other groups were operating in districts like Mymensingh, Maulvibazar and Rangamati.
  • March 9: There were 13 gaps along the fencing which could not be completed due to its riverine nature and other logistical problems. The Bangladesh Government had allowed the construction of single-line fencing along the border.
  • March 10: A coal mine supervisor (Sordar) of a coal mine at Pass Phut around 20 kilometres from Byndihati village in East Jaintia Hills district is allegedly abducted for ransom in the evening of March 9. On March 10, the kidnappers called up his wife and demanded INR 1 million for his safe release.
  • March 10: East Garo Hills dsistrict Police intercept a sports utility vehicle carrying arms consignment that had been dispatched from Karbi Anglong (Assam) for the GNLA in Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district. Police found three AK rifles with five magazine containers and 124 rounds of live ammunition.
  • March 10: Meghalaya Home Minister Roshan Warjri tells the State assembly that the Centre needs to be consulted before initiating peace talks with GNLA, since GNLA was a banned organization under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 1967.
  • March 9: A number of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), including church organizations and leaders, under the aegis of the UPMGH organized in Tura, organize a "Mass Prayer and Peace Rally," aimed at bringing back peace in the area as well as appealing to those who had joined militant groups to return to the mainstream.
  • March 18: A resolution on the need to create a separate Garoland State is defeated by a voice vote in the Meghalaya Assembly. Moving the resolution, GNC member, Clifford Marak said that since there was lack of development in Garo Hills, it would be ideal to create a separate State for Garos.
  • March 19: The GNLA releases the names of 12 people to act as mediators for talks with the Government and urged upon Meghalaya Governor K K Paul to approve their names.
  • March 21: GNLA guns down Servison R Sangma, the cousin of its own 'chairman' Champion Sangma, for deserting the outfit. A 12-member group of armed GNLA militants led by its 'action commander' Ajan Ch Marak alias Jimmy Momin came down to Asiragre village, three kilometres from Williamnagar (East Garo Hills District), and targeted the home of Servison.
  • March 25: GNLA militants gun down three over ground workers of the UALA at Darang Dachit village in South Garo Hills district. The three were reportedly picked on un-confirmed date from a village in East Garo Hills by the name of Chima Dachitgittim and then taken across to the South Garo Hills.
  • March 28: The Centre decides to extend the tripartite SoO agreement with the ANVC, for another year. The fresh extension would come into force from 1 April 2014, and continue till 31 March 2015. The present SoO agreement will expire on March 31.
  • March 29: GNLA headed by Sohan D Shira, urges six other Garo outfits to shun the path of violence and enter a peace dialogue with Government in the interest of peace and development of the region. The suggestion by the GNLA comes just a day after the Central government acknowledged that it had received three names from the Meghalaya Government for the mediator's role to initiate peace talks between Government and the outfit. The six outfits are LAEF, UALA, ATF, ASAK, ANLCA and ANCA.
  • March 31: The UALA turns down a proposal for the unification of all insurgent groups within the Garo Hills region, an idea floated recently by the GNLA. The GNLA on 29 March came out with the idea of all the insurgent groups coming together under the banner of a GULF to ensure the movement gained a 'proper direction'.
  • March 31: A trader running a hardware store in Rongrikkimgre village of Chokpot in South Garo Hills is abducted at gunpoint in broad daylight during the weekly market day. Police suspect the involvement of either the banned GNLA or newly-formed outfit ASAK
  • April 2: According to reports, a new militant outfit called A'chik Revolutionary Front (ARF) is formed. The 'information and public relations department in charge' of the new outfit, identified as Lieutenant Chugrim called up The Shillong Times office and gave brief details about the outfit's formation. He said that the ARF was formed on April 1 to raise the voice of the Garo people against the prevailing menace unleashed by various militant groups in the name of a separate Garo State and to initiate speedy peace settlement in accordance with the carving of a separate state for Garos. Informing that the rank and designation of its cadres were divided in accordance with the 'Army Formation Rules', the militant leader said that its main objectives are to resolve the vexed Garoland issue by carving out Garo Hills state from mainland India, to protect and preserve the dignity and the rights of the Garos, to uplift the poor and the downtrodden and to raised the voice of the Garo people against the diktats of several Garo Hills-based militant groups. The statement failed to clarify the aims and objectives of the outfit or the location of its headquarters. According to the militant leader, the ARF has been formed with Grongdik as 'major general', Danil as 'deputy commander-in-chief', 'Captain' Millam as 'general secretary', 'Captain' Dimik as 'joint secretary', 'Lieutenant' Chugrim ('information and public relations'), 'Lieutenant' Sepi ('finance'), 'Lieutenant' Chanchi ('foreign affairs'), Nitorak ('adviser') and Marang as 'president'.
  • April 3: One employee of a coal export firm, identified as Mumtaz M Sangma, is abducted at gunpoint by armed militants.
  • April 9: Around 69 per cent turnout in both parliamentary constituencies in Meghalaya, with no incidents of violence reported in the State.
  • April 13: Union Ministry of Home Affairs rules out discussion on creation of Garoland, which is the key demand of the GNLA. JPN Singh, Director in charge North East, MHA during his recent visit to Shillong told that the demand for a separate Garoland is non-negotiable.
  • April 17: Meghalaya chief minister Mukul Sangma invites 13 pressure groups, who are demanding the implementation of the ILP to combat the illegal immigration.
  • April 17: One militant of a new underground outfit, surfaced in West Khasi Hills district named as United North East Liberation Army (UNELA), was killed while his aides managed to escape in an operation conducted by Police at Nongshram (West Khasi Hills District) under Shallang Police Station.
  • April 28: Goalpara Police taks into custody the arrested militant 'commander' of UALA booked him for killing of seven unarmed Rabha civilians in late 2013.
  • April 29: A peace forum from Garo Hills, UPMGH, the church and NGO leaders urge the Governor of Meghalaya KK Paul for initiating peace talks with militants. The UPMGH highlighted mushrooming of armed outfits and splinter groups in Garo Hills.
  • May 1: Meghalaya Government is trying to bring UALA and GNLA for negotiations. The Government has been engaging with the leadership of both the groups at various levels. The State Home Minister, Roshan Warjri said that 'chairman' of the GNLA Champion Sangma will not be released before any peaceful settlement has been reached.
  • May 5: Despite opposition from several quarters, the State Government has given its nod to setting up of two official camps for ANVC-B, one in West Khasi Hills and another in North Garo Hills.
  • May 12: Sericulture official Roster Bolchugre is abducted by four unidentified armed militants from Madan Jira under Aradonga outpost in West Khasi Hills district.
  • May 14: ADGP SK Jain states that the ANVC-B which has signed a draft peace pact with the Meghalaya Government could have cadre strength of between 140 and 145 and some weapons. The ADGP said that ANVC-B had submitted a list of around 150 cadres.
  • May 14: A demand of INR 500000 is made by ANLA to a school run by Catholic Church in Ampati, District Head Quarters of South West Garo Hills. The militants demanded that the money should be paid on or before May 20. The Catholic Church in Garo Hills has announced a day of closure of all its educational institutions on May 20 in protest against the extortion demand. The Catholic Diocese stated that "No money or ransom would be paid to any anti-social groups irrespective of whatever the consequences might be. The Church firmly stands by its earlier resolution."
  • May 16: The 'finance secretary' of HNYF Everson Syngkon who was booked under the MPDA is released on bail. He was arrested for allegedly setting ablaze an office of the sericulture department at Ummulong in Jaintia Hills district during the ILP protests in 2013.
  • May 16: Sericulture official Rostar Bolchugre who was abducted by four unidentified persons on May 12, is released by his captors.
  • May 18 : Security Forces arrested four UALA militants, identified as Sangrak D Shira, Singrong D Shira, Salma D Sangma and Nington D Khar from Damra in Goalpara district. Two 7.65 mm pistols (made in USA), a 9 mm pistol, nine live rounds, one hand grenade and many incriminating documents have been recovered.
  • May 20: Five UALA militants are killed and one Police Officer injured in a gun battle at Chiokgre village near Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district.
  • May 23: In a memorandum submitted to State's Home Minister, the KSU opposed the proposed designated camp in West Khasi Hills and South West Khasi Hills districts meant for ANVC-B.
  • May 25: Former Deputy Chief Minister and UDP president Bindo M Lanong states that issue of granting citizenship to Bangladeshis who had settled in Meghalaya prior to 1971 should be left to the interpretation of the Supreme Court. Lalong stated that Meghalaya Government should appeal before the Supreme Court.
  • May 28: A village elder, identified as Huzil Mann succumb to his injuries after an attack by suspected Garo militants. He was attacked at his house at village Haldibari near Selsella in West Garo Hills district in the night of May 24.
  • May 29: Indefinite curfew has been imposed in Chokpot area of South Garo Hills following violent clash over the death of Witson Sangma, an over ground worker of GNLA in Police custody. Six Policemen were injured when a mob attacked Chokpot Police Station and set ablaze three Police vehicles and three civilian vehicles. Suspected militants also shot at the Police personnel from a church complex.
  • June 1: Suspected Garo militants entere Zekabari village market of West Garo Hills bordering Mankachar district of Assam and abduct a trader, identified as Fozal Haque from his shoe shop into the forests of Selsella region.
  • June 2: The United A’chik Liberation Army (UALA) and the A’chik Revolutionary Front (ARF), a conglomeration of several nascent outfits, express their willingness to come forward for peace talks. In a joint statement, the Chairman of UALA Chiindik Marak put forward the core demand for a Garoland state and expressed their williness for parmanent peace.
  • June 3: A woman is shot dead by GNLA militants, led by a militant identified as Tengton at Raja Ronggat village of Chokpot, in South Garo Hills.
  • June 4: A 35-year-old woman is killed by GNLA as she resisted their rape attempt. The GNLA had left a note at the site which said that the outfit killed the woman for being Police informer.
  • June 4: Chief Minister Mukul Sangma rules out army operations against militant groups operating in Garo Hills region. He states that militants would be given a ‘one time opportunity’ for talks.
  • June 6: In reply to a question during the Question Hour in the State Assembly, Meghalaya Chief Minister states that the militant groups have more sophisticated weapons than the State Police. The CM also states that there are as many as 10 militant groups active in the State.
  • June 7: ASAK (A'chik Songna An'pachakgipa Kotok), a breakaway faction of GNLA, demands Rs 270,000 from seven staff of a road construction company, which is engaged in completing the Shillong-Tura road via Nongstoin West KhasI Hills District.
  • June 8: ANLA 'area commander', identified as Rinja A'chik and his PSO Manson Sangma are shot dead by ANLA militants over a dispute over sharing of extortion money at Mahadeo region of Rongara in South Garo Hills district.
  • June 8: An auto-rickshaw driver is shot dead in the morning after he expressed reluctance to ferry two suspected Garo militants in his vehicle in Ampati region in South West Garo Hills district.
  • June 11: CM Mukul Sangma states that Maoist organisations across the country have access to sophisticated weapons which from the northeastern region. He said that arms are coming from countries such as Bangladesh, Myanmar and China.
  • June 11: Sangma says that the State Government would re-look into the proposed peace talks with GNLA.
  • June 12: Meghalaya Government informs the State Assembly that it has decided to install CCTV in all Police Stations in the state. The Home Minister stated that there has been 12 custodial deaths in last five years in the state. In 2009 three died in Police Custody, in 2010 one person died in custody and in 2013 five had died in Police Custody. In 2014 already three people have died.
  • June 16: Vice chairman’ of GNLA Rapiush Ch. Sangma is arrested from Koramangala in Bangalore. Sangma is the second top-ranking GNLA leader to come under the Police net.
  • June 16: Garo militants abduct Arvind Kumar, a Branch Manager of SBI Ampati branch from the outskirts of Garobadha town in South West Garo Hills district.
  • June 18: Tura Police rescue kidnapped SBI official Arvind Kumar The group which had abducted the official was a mixed group including petty criminals and one ANVC-B militant, Kakarong.
  • June 18: State Government constitutes a committee to be headed by Pankaj Jain, the Commissioner and Secretary, Planning, to work out a rehabilitation package for the splinter groups of various militant outfits that had expressed their desire to hold talks with Government. The committee will examine the rehabilitation package including livelihood programmes for the groups. Earlier, the Government had appointed two church leaders Reverend Janan K Sangma of ABDK and Reverend F D Sangma, Pastor of Baptist Church to initiate peace talks with splinter groups of various militant outfits. There are six splinter groups operating in Garo Hills.
  • June 19: State Government is contemplating to declare certain pockets in Garo Hills as ‘disturbed area’. CM Mukul Sangma said that the Government would examine all aspects before taking the final call.
  • June 20: Meghalaya Police arrest a ASAK militant identified as Balsrang Ch. Momin from his house at Junungpara in Purakhasia in West Garo Hills district.
  • June 21: Manager of a stone crusher and quarry who was abducted from his house in Dobasipara locality of Tura on June 18 has been released unharmed in Assam.
  • June 23: ARF warns of action against those who press for promulgation of AFSPA in Garo Hills and claimed that it is ready to halt violence and unlawful activities if its proposal for peace is accepted by the State Government. The statement was given by information and public relations secretary' of ARF on behalf of UALA and LAEF. ARF comprises of UALA, LAEF ASAK ANLCA and ANCA.
  • June 24: Meghalaya DGP PJP Hanaman feels that declaring pockets in militancy-infested Garo Hills as ‘disturbed area’ is a move uncalled for. DGP said that declaring Garo Hills as disturbed area would mean bringing the Army into the region “which is not desirable”.
  • June 25: Suspected GNLA militants abduct four traders identified as G. Sheikh, Shah Alom, Ajgar Ali and Musaddar Ali at a place near Kantanagre village under Dadenggre Sub-Division in West Garo Hills district.
  • June 25: Meghalaya Government denied media reports that some parts of Garo Hills will be declared as a ‘disturbed area’. Joint Secretary to the Chief Minister, R.P. Marak, asserted that the Chief Minister, Mukul Sangma at no point of time, had indicated that the Government was planning to declare parts of Garo Hills as ‘disturbed area’.
  • June 27: State Government has, through a notification, extends the tenure of the GHADC by six months to facilitate the peace pact with ANVC.
  • June 29: Govt. of India rejects a proposal for talks with GNLA but says it is ready to strengthen Police Forces with Rs 5 billion assistance. A Government source states that, “The GNLA has to be dealt with force and without compromise.”
  • June 30: Suspected militants abduct a teacher of Dalu Higher Secondary School near the Karengre Lali temple in Dalu of West Garo Hills district. Police suspect the involvement of ANVC-B or ASAK.
  • July 1: South Garo Hills Police kill a ASAK militant, Bethma Ch Sangma alias Jolamajol and successfully rescued Manoranjan Das, who was abducted on June 27 from remote Rewak region of South Garo Hills. Three other militants Arjensing M Marak alias Skang, Aiwal D Shira and Joshua B are also arrested during the operation. INSAS rifle with a magazine and 14 rounds, a 9 MM pistol with two rounds, SBBL with two rounds, a wireless receiver handset, demand notes and camouflage uniforms.
  • July 1: A new Garo militant outfit, United People's Revolutionary Alliance (UPRA) emerges in the State and starts issuing quit notices to illegal encroachers from outside especially in the plain belt areas of Garo Hills. They have the HQ at a undisclosed location called 'Chusimra'. 'Chairman' of the outfit is Tattara Matgrik. They stated that they have issued 'quit notice' to all illegal encroachers in Garo Hills.
  • July 4: 98 people were abducted for ransom in the past six months till June 2014, while a total of 175 people were abducted since June 2013. The number of abduction cases reported during this period was 135, which mean more than one person was abducted in a case. Nine militant outfits operate in Garo hills region.
  • July 7: State Government proposes to set up 36 new Police Stations in the State.
  • July 8: Meghalaya Police arrest nine ASAK militants including 'area commander' Merak Sangma alias Suangre and 'commander' of both the operation command and the special command Dinesh Marak alias Blackboard, in four incidents.
  • July 10: Govt. of India directs Meghalaya government not to hold talks with GNLA. The State Government has also made an appeal to all the militant groups in the State to stop all their criminal activities and come forward for a dialogue. The new thinking is because of the fact that once a peace process is initiated with one group, another group crops up to take its place. The State Government is negotiating with ANVC and ANVC-B The peace talk is currently stalled because of change of Government in New Delhi.
  • July 10: Meghalaya Government constitutes three separate committees to deal with illegal migration issue. First committee, to be headed by Deputy Chief Minister Rowell Lyngdoh, would study and work out a few amendments on the provisions of Benami Transaction Act, 1980 and examine the Tenants Verification draft Bill, which proposes to enforce the mandate to regulate landowners and verify their tenants. The second committee has been constituted to find out location for setting up 'entry and exit' points and the third committee to be headed by the chief secretary will examine various legislative measures to achieve the objective of coming up with the comprehensive mechanism to check flow of outsiders and illegal immigrants.
  • July 11: PSO of Sohan D Shira, the 'commander in chief' of GNLA is killed in a raid by a combined team of SWAT and CoBRA at Adugre village in East Garo Hills district.Some IEDs a rocket, grenades, pistols, ammunition, GNLA flags as well as GNLA pads were recovered from the camp.
  • July 15: State Chief Secretary PBO Warjri states that Special Force 10 of Meghalaya Police will take shape by September 2015 with a maximum of 1200 recruits. SF 10 will be deployed for counter insurgency operations. Earlier MHA endorsed to equip the State Police force with 38 rocket-propelled grenades and the new version of LMGs.
  • July 16: An independent legislator Saleng Sangma writes to Union Minister of Home Affairs, Rajnath Singh demanding a CBI probe into the alleged politician-militant nexus in Garo Hills.
  • July 17: A six-year-old boy is abducted from his residence at Mihmyntdu village of West Jaintia Hills district.
  • July 18: The six-year-old boy who was kidnapped for ransom by masked miscreants on July 17, is abandoned on the National Highway.
  • July 18: Jowai Police arrest an individual identified as Chemi Phawa in connection with the abduction of a six-year-old boy from his residence at Mihmyntdu village of West Jaintia Hills district.
  • July 19: Two more persons are picked up in connection with the abduction of a six-year-old boy from his residence at Mihmyntdu village of West Jaintia Hills district on July 17.
  • July 19: Ansar Ali driver who was abducted on July 13 while travelling from Tura to Dalu in West Garo Hills district is released after his wife reportedly handed over INR 150000 to ANCA. Police indicates that the leaders of ANCA are based in Tura uses fake names to avoid detection.
  • July 20: ASAK militant identified as Goera D Sangma is killed after he challenged Police at Rimthangpara area of Purakasua called Watregittim, one kilometer from Ritekpara in West Garo Hills district. Sangma came face to face with Police challenging them with a one live China-made grenade.
  • July 24: GNLA joins the Garo Hills-based NGOs in protesting ECs in GHADC move to amend the Garo customary laws 2009 through legislation. GNLA 'political secretary' Bikdot Nikjang Marak stated that any attempt to change or support in favour of change in this bill, will be dealt with outmost severity.
  • July 25: Two Police personnels Constables Khymdiet and Lembartu Suchiang are killed and three Constables Lembartu Suchiang Arphius Khymdiet and Rahul Marak injured in an IED attack by suspected GNLA militants at Rongram-Dadenggre road near Tebronggre village in Tura West Garo Hills district.
  • July 26: Constable Rahul Marak of Meghalaya Police dies in hospital in Guwahati due to the injuries sustained from the IED explosion on July 25.
  • July 30: Primary school teacher identified as Sandy Sangma, who was abducted by suspected ANCA militants from Damas in North Garo Hills district managed to escape on the same day.
  • July 31: Tennybirth Momin who was abducted on July 27 is released by kidnappers. The abductors may have even settled for INR 10,000 as ransom, coming down from Rs 200,000.
  • July 31: At Ampati Government Higher Secondary School in West Garo Hills district CM Mukul Sangma states that "Hopeless unproductive students become militants and the media puts the blame on the Chief Minister alone for rise in militancy".
  • August 1: CM Mukul Sangma states that ANVC-B may have links with ISI.
  • August 1: Meghalaya Government extends the tenure of GHADC by another six months while it is waiting for GoI on the peace pact with ANVC. The tenure was extended since elections cannot be held in a short span of time hence Meghalaya Government decided to extent GHADC tenure by another six months.
  • August 2: ANVC-B dared CM Mukul Sangma to get his allegation that ANVC-B may have links with ISI, probed by NIA or CBI. ANVC-B leader Doang Shira stated that the outfit was ready for a high-level probe.
  • August 5: Clerical staff of SBI Gasuapara branch in South Garo Hills district identified as Subodh Kumar Mishra was kidnapped at Barengapara road in Cherengpara village in West Garo Hills district by suspected ASAK militants. SP Lakador Syiem stated that the victim was taken to a jungle.
  • August 9: P.A. Sangma has mooted the idea of a "grand federation" of north-eastern tribes and a north-eastern commission, on the lines of the European Commission, to give recognition to all the communities in the region.
  • August 11: A 9-year old boy, son of a bank employee Anwar Hussain, is abducted from Bolarbita village of Chibinang area in Tikrikilla in West Garo Hills district.
  • SBI branches in Meghalaya were closed in protest against the alleged government failure to protect its employees and the public from kidnappers and extortionists. SBI branches closed for a day to demand immediate release of SBI employee Subodh Kumar Mishra who was allegedly abducted by militants on August 5.
  • August 12: Village headman of Jadogre A'king is abducted by suspected Garo militants in South Garo Hills.
  • August 13: Six labourers Muzabil Haque, Amino Talukdar, Nazarul Haque, Minnat Ali, Hanuj Ali and Kaibul Islam are attacked by miscreants at a labour camp at Qualapatty behind Norevelyn School in East Khasi Hills district.
  • August 13: Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju states that MHA is implementing a scheme for surrender-cum-rehabilitation of militants of the northeastern region.
  • August 14: CM Mukul Sangma, while reiterating that the delay in completing the peace process with ANVC has led to the rise of splinter militant groups in Garo hills, said the ceasefire was incorrectly done as several cadres were still at large when the agreement was inked in 2004.
  • August 18: ANCA 'chairman' William A Sangma and his follower Jiten Lyngdoh who were arrested on August 16 from Agia region of Goalpara district in Assam escape from the Mendipather Police Station lock up in North Garo Hills district after attacking the guard who opened the lock up door to give water to the militants.
  • August 18: State Government will examine HNLC's offer for a 'bilateral ceasefire'. A senior Government official states that Government wants to be sure if at all HNLC was serious in having a bilateral ceasefire agreement.
  • August 19: ULFA-I militant Babul Rabha alias Kancha and his aide Trenning M Sangma are arrested from West Garo Hills. According to police, they planned to carry out bomb blasts in different crowded locations in Tura and Williamnagar in West Garo Hills district and East Garo Hills district. Babul Rabha was involved in training GNLA in assembling IEDs Police also informed that Kancha had undergone training in making IED from ISI of Pakistan in Bangladesh. ULFA-I leader Dristi Rajkhowa had sent him to carry out blasts.
  • August 20: HNLC declares that it was "ready for peace talks" and asked the State Government to appoint an "interlocutor".
  • August 20: Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju meets with Meghalaya Home Minister Roshan Warjri in New Delhi and discussed the prevailing law and order situation in Meghalaya particularly in the Garo Hill region. GoI has agreed to provide a helicopter to provide logistic support to security forces in the inaccessible areas of Garo Hills and equip the forces with modern arms and ammunition to deal with militants. GoI is considering a proposal to provide Rs 7 crore to the State to improve Police infrastructure.
  • August 23: Shalom Meghalaya peace campaign trouble-torn Chokpot a militancy-hit area in South Garo Hills. About 5,000 people joined the programme against the rising insurgency in the region. The campaign was flagged off on August 17 at Tura in West Garo Hills and has passed through several places in South West Garo Hills.
  • August 24: Myanmar says the country will bust training camps of Northeast militants if India provides specific inputs about their existence. Myanmar's Information Minister U Ye Htut said his government will cooperate "fully" with the new Indian government in cracking down on militant bases.
  • August 26: Central Government decides to implant special kind of fence over water along the riverine India-Bangladesh border to stop illegal immigration.
  • August 28: Three bodies of suspected ANVC-B militants with their hands tied behind the back are recovered from Oragitok in West Garo Hills district. It is suspected that GNLA is behind the killings, while ANVC-B alleged that the death of the three cadres was the result of Police fake encounter.
  • August 29: Meghalaya police comes across a new modus operandi of ANCA where minors are being used for smuggling of arms from Dimapur in Nagaland. This has come to light with arrest of five ANCA militants on August 28.
  • August 31: HNLC "publicity secretary" Sainkupar Nongtraw says the outfit would strive to achieve its objectives through the process of dialogue and achieving a peaceful settlement. He said the "positive" step taken by the government has been appreciated by the HNLC.
  • September 4: A video shows GNLA caning at some villagers suspected to be Police informers at Pakregre village in East Garo Hills. A GNLA militant, identified as Bestfield N Marak who was killed in an encounter on September 10 was also seen in the video. Police suspect that militants canned the villagers to ensure a safe haven from the Police, engaged in the combing operations.
  • September 6: Joint Secretary, Union Ministry of Home Affairs in-charge Northeast, Shambu Singh states that GoI is yet to receive any letter from the State Government on holding talks with HNLC.
  • September 8: Government directs Police Department to take all possible steps to ensure that the state is 'free from terrorist danger', in view of the recent al Qaeda's threat to form wings in Assam and Bangladesh.
  • September 13: Four suspected GNLA militants are killed in an internecine clash with AMEF at Bolmaram forest near Williamnagar in East Garo Hills.
  • September 14: East Garo Hills SP Davis Nestell R Marak states that security forces have destroyed as many as 12 major camps of the GNLA in East Garo Hills as a part of Operation Hill Storm.
  • September 17: CM Mukul Sangma after a meeting with ANVC states that that the final signing of MoS will be held in Delhi on September 24. Though ANVC-B leaders were not present during the meeting, they will be in Delhi during the official signing of the peace pact. After the signing of the peace pact, within three months, both ANVC and ANVC-B will be disbanded.
  • September 17: ANVC-B is yet to deposit any arm and ammunition with the Government. The ANVC has 161 militants and the ANVC-B has 151 militants in their groups.
  • September 17: On Government’s proposal to initiate talks with HNLC, the CM states that the Government is working out the modalities and the matters related to appointing an interlocutor will be shared with GoI. After the signing of the pact with ANVC and ANVC-B, the Government will initiate the peace process with other groups as well.
  • September 24: Two factions of the Garo militant outfit A’chik National Volunteer Council (ANVC) signed a Memorandum of Settlement with the Central Government and Meghalaya Government at New Delhi. The signing ceremony was held in the presence of Union home minister Rajnath Singh, Meghalaya chief minister Mukul Sangma and interlocutor P.C. Haldar at North Block. On behalf of the ANVC, Dilash Marak, the chairman, and three others signed while Bernard N. Marak, chairman of the ANVC (B), and three others were the signatories. A sum exceeding Rs 100 crore will be disbursed as a package over the next five years for development in the area.
  • September 27: Two individuals Tender Nongbri and Edward Nongmin, are abducted by suspected militants from Rongkhugre Village under Shallang Police Station in West Khasi Hills.
  • September 28: Govt. of India will soon come out with a new policy for dealing with militancy in the northeastern region and the existing policy is being reviewed thoroughly. GoI is also examining the viability of continuing with AFSPA. Policy of talking with any militant group which expresses its desire for talks may be amended. It is now being reviewed whether the talks are yielding the desired results as new outfits are cropping up every year in the North East and on most occasions, the splinter groups of the outfits under ceasefire agreement are creating major problems. Home Minister Rajnath Singh would personally review the policies and the situation in the North East before formally announcing the new policy to deal with militancy in the region. GoI is also reviewing the pros and cons of using AFSPA for years.
  • October 6: Six militants of GNLA including an ‘area commander’ surrender before Police at Tura in West Garo Hills.
  • October 9: A senior state official states that the September 24 Peace pact between GoI , ANVC and ANVC-B does not deter the law to take its own course of action against those cadres listed and charge sheeted for their involvement in heinous crime.
  • October 10: Militants attack a vehicle carrying four Assam-based businessmen and kill a trader identified as Atawar Ali at Abrong Hill Road in Wageasi in East Garo Hills and wounded two others identified as Haider Ali and Sayedur Rahman. Police states that militants wanted to kidnap these traders for ransom.
  • October 10: Meghalaya government is working out names of people who can intermediate between the Government and HNLC.
  • October 11: Chairman of Joint Intelligence Committee, RN Ravi submits "a paper on strategy and action on Northeast policies" to Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. MHA had set a 3 month deadline to revise the Northeast policies. A senior official states that "a targeted approach to sort out the problem is the need of the hour. We will soon consult the states and also issue fresh guidelines for the security personnel in Northeast to deal with the situation." It was also agreed that tough approach towards the insurgent groups needs to be adopted and they shall not be allowed to run their extortion racket.
  • October 17: ANVC-B 'chairman' Rimpu N Marak announces that it was preparing a pamphlet, in Garo language explaining the contents of the peace agreement, which was signed on September 24. Announcement came a day after the state opposition party NPP asked the State Government to make public the agreed text of settlement signed with ANVC.
  • October 19: Police states that Operation Hill storm is finally reaping dividends as intensified operations have led to militant cadres giving up armed struggle.
  • October 19: ANVC-B demands fresh elections to the GHADC following the signing of the Agreed Text for Settlement on September 24. The tenure of the council was first extended for six months with effect from February 18 this year. It was scheduled to expire on August 17, but since elections cannot be held in a short span of time, the cabinet extended its tenure by another six months.

 

CHRONOLOGY: 2013

  • March 1: Police arrests Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) area commander following an operation. Identified Kennedy Sangma (20) faced a surprise arrest by Meghalaya SWAT commandos during a raid along with an over ground worker. Sangma was in charge of the Chokpot region of South Garo Hills.
  • March 4: Garo National Liberation Front (GNLF) militants set ablaze houses of two former GNLA cadres at Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district. The first incident took place at Chachatgre where the house of former GNLA cadre Fortin M Marak went up in fire and the second at Nengmendal.
  • March 9: East Garo Hills Police Commandos shoots down three cadres of the ANVC-B following a retaliatory firing. Police also destroys their tax collection centre in Dobu. Recoveries made include one 9mm pistol with seven rounds of live ammunition, one 7.65mm pistol with three live rounds, two rounds of an unknown caliber pistol, and two mobile handsets along with five SIM cards and documents of the outfit. Police had been on a look out for ANVC-B militants following a jailbreak at Williamnagar on February 2, 2013.
  • March 9: Three suspected GNLA cadres hurl three grenades at a wine store in the border town of Dalu in West Garo Hills district. No one was hurt in the incident as the grenades failed to explode.
  • March 9: Police apprehend Chokpot area commander of the banned GNLA, Saul R. Sangma alias Bilgrim from 12 mile in Garo Hills.
  • March 11: GNLA area commander Saul R. Sangma confesses that the attack on the wine store was carried out on his orders because the owner had supposedly failed to pay the tax demand amount of rupees 1.5 lakh.
  • March 16: Police ransacks a temporary banned GNLA camp located in the dense jungles of Wakantagre some 9 kilometers from the district headquarters of Resubelpara. No one from either side suffered casualties following the heavy exchange of fire.
  • March 17: ANVC-B undergoes a third split with Commander Singbirth N. Marak alias Norok X. Momin forming the United A’chik Liberation Army (UALA) as a new outfit. Norok is at large since the murder of two Williamnagar Jail officials last month. He has developed differences with ANVC-B Chairman Rimpu N. Marak and taken along a huge cache of arms and ammunitions to equip his new outfit. UALA seems to have established contacts with ULFA and NDFB to impart guerilla warfare training to its cadres. ANVC was formed in 1995.
  • March 17: ANVC-B 2nd Lieutenant Nathaneal Sangma alias Nawang alias Barut flees from a camp in Chokpot with three cadres and a huge amount of money. Sangma maintained the account of the outfit. ANVC-B leadership is on a lookout for Sangma.
  • November 21: Seven members of the Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC), that has signed peace deal with the Centre, run away from the designated camp to form a new militant group. Led by the camp-in-charge Balsrang, the cadre left the camp at Tura Yoouth Hostel in Garo hills along with five automatic assault rifles, seven pistols, 10 hand grenades and 400 rounds of ammunitions. West Garo Hills District DC Pravin Bakshi says the splinter group would add to the list of militants in Garo Hills.

CHRONOLOGY: 2012

  • January 2: A militant belonging to HNLC, identified as Dirus Shangdiar (29), surrenders before the Mawkyrwat Police in West Khasi Hills district.
  • January 3: Suspected GNLA militants throw a grenade at a house adjacent to the check gate of the Directorate of Mineral Resources in Athiabari in West Khasi Hills district.
  • January 4: Security Forces arrest a top KLO militant, identified as Pushma Das alias Tupan Patwari alias Pulas Barman alias Mithun Das, from Chandaboi BOP of West Garo Hills district.
  • January 7: One GNLA militant, identified as Sonaram R Sangma alias Chonkam, surrenders before South Garo Hills SP M K Singh.
  • January 9: Shambhu Singh, Joint Secretary (North East) of the MHA, says that the MHA has already taken a decision that a major crackdown should be launched to check the menace of extortion.
  • January 14: BSF arrest three HNLC linkmen at Pyrdwah, East Khasi Hills, while they were infiltrating into India.
  • January 16: Suspected Rabha tribal militants abduct the manager of a firm identified as Ganeshyam Das, working on a railway project in Meghalaya's East Garo Hills district, bordering Assam.
  • January 16: Two Garo youths, identified as Pak Momin and Engti Marak, are shot dead by GNLA, being suspected as Police informers.
  • January 17: GNLA militants execute two civilians for allegedly using the outfit’s name to abduct traders and extort money in East Gari hills district.
  • January 19: Group of seven GNLA cadres armed with AK-47 rifles and SLR rifles gun down two gate-keeper of Songsak village, West Khasi Hills district. The two gate-keepers are identified as Arbinius D Sangma and Bahkan G Marak, both residents of Songsak village.
  • January 21: The private firm manager, Ganeshyam Das is released by his abductors at Manikganj in East Garo Hills bordering Goalpara district of Assam. East Garo Hills Police suspect that the ULFA leader Dristi Rajkhowa was directly involved in the abduction of the manager since he was given charge of operating all along the Assam-Garo Hills border.
  • January 22: Bhutan 'Prime Minister' Jigme Y Thinley says that there is no camp of any militant formation of the northeast in his country.
  • January 23: Heavily armed GNLA rebels abduct three Meghalaya Energy Corporation Limited (MECL) engineers - Apus Pothmi, Boney Majaw and Marshal R Swer at gunpoint from their residential quarters in the Rongkhon area. Swer was later released unharmed.
  • January 24: A group of 15 armed GNLA militants assault a villager and fire several rounds in the air in Mendipathar in East Garo Hills after a failed attempt to kill three ANVC cadres and their families.
  • January 24: Suspected GNLA militants enter the Meghalaya Energy Corporation limited (MeECL) complex at Rongkhon in West Garo Hills and abduct three engineers. They later released one of them identified as Marshal Swer. The two engineers who remain in custody of the militant group have been identified as Apus Pothmi and Boney Majaw.
  • January 25: Taking strong cognizance of the GNLA's bid to kill three ANVC cadres, its spokesperson Torik Jangning Marak said, "Situation will be worsened if the GNLA continues to target our cadres."
  • January 27: Setting conditions to free two abducted Government engineers, the GNLA demands a "convincing reply" from the Meghalaya Government in seven days on the "poor power connectivity" in the three impoverished districts of Garo Hills.
  • January 28: Suspected GNLA militants set ablaze the house of a surrendered GNLA cadre, identified as Sonaram R Sangma, at Darangdura in South Garo Hills district.
  • January 29: A GNLA cadre identified as Waljan Ch Momin alias Sengrim hailing from Dilma Apal of East Garo Hills district, surrenders before SDPO at Mendipathar Police Station in the district.
  • January 30: Chief Secretary WMS Pariat assures that the two MECL officials who had been abducted by the GNLA on January 24 are safe.
  • January 31: The Union Government declares the GNLA, a terrorist outfit under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. "The government has approved and declared GNLA a terrorist due to its growing terror activities in certain parts of Meghalaya," Shambu Singh, Joint Secretary in-charge of the Northeast in the Union Home Ministry, says.
  • February 1: The UAPF, an umbrella body of several civil society organisations including the Church, asks the Meghalaya Government to give them the mandate to initiate peace talks with the GNLA. The forum was formed in 2011 to play a constructive role to end the bloodshed in Garo hills.
  • February 2: The ANVC appreciates the Central Government's move branding the GNLA as a terrorist outfit.
  • February 2: Suspected GNLA militants abduct a coal merchant, identified as H Chetri, from Borosora area of West Khasi Hills district. According to Police, the militants abducted the coal trader at gun point and take him to a nearby forest.
  • February 4: Two engineers, identified as Apus Pothmi and Bonnieface Majaw who were abducted by GNLA from West Garo Hills on January 24, are released. Police had earlier said that there was no ransom sought for the release of the officials. Police believe that the GNLA released the officials unharmed due to the protest and condemnation from various quarters.
  • February 4: The GNLA kills a 60-year-old villager from South Garo Hills, identified as Edward Sangma of Rompha Asim village. The body is recovered from Mendikgere, 2 kilometres from his village.
  • February 6: State Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh says, "The government has no intention to hold talks with the banned Garo militant outfit GNLA." "Legally, the government cannot negotiate with any banned outfit and if they don't lay down arms, there will be no other option but to carry out operations to neutralise them," Lyngdoh said.
  • February 7: GNLA says that it wants talks on a separate State for the Garos only with New Delhi and not the Meghalaya Government. If the talks failed, it would make the outfit raise the issue in the United Nations Indigenous Peoples Forum in New York. The outfit has reacted sharply to Meghalaya Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh's press statement in Shillong on February 6 wherein he had announced the Government's decision not to hold talks with the GNLA. The political secretary of the GNLA, Bikdot Nikjang Marak, called up media persons to strongly criticise Lyngdoh's statement.
  • February 7: Hari Chetri, a coal labourer, who was abducted by some miscreants from a coal quarry at Borsora in West Khasi Hills district on February 2, is released at night. Police said that Chetri had been abducted by a four-member local group, and was released after his family members paid the ransom money demanded by the abductors. West Khasi Hills Superintendent of Police, R Muthu, informs that the abductors were not militants but some local goons. The abductors were earlier suspected to be GNLA militants.
  • February 8: GNLA militants set ablaze the house of a surrendered cadre, Andreash Ch Momin alias Nangnang at Bokkingre village, 2 kilometres from Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district.The militants also chased away the family members of the former cadre to Goraggre village in West Garo Hills.
  • February 8: Chief Minister Mukul Sangma asks the GNLA to lay down arms, but continue its struggle through peaceful means. "I urge upon all our misguided friends (GNLA) to embark on the various opportunities created by this Government which would contribute to the progress of development of our state," Sangma said.
  • February 9: Security Forces gun down a GNLA cadre and injure five others in an encounter in East Garo Hills district. The slain GNLA cadre is yet to be identified.
  • February 9: TR Marak, a tribal chief, is arrested in Meghalaya on the charge of aiding and providing shelter to some cadres of GNLA in Garo Hills area. He was arrested under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act as the Centre had declared the group as a terrorist outfit.
  • February 14: Former Home Secretary GK Pillai says that the Union Government may not accede to GNLA demand for separate state for tribal Garo in western part of Meghalaya. "The Centre has not acceded to creation of Telangana, Gorkhaland and Bodoland. Therefore, I don't think the government will give in to their (GNLA) demand for separate Garoland," Pillai said.
  • February 15: Mendipather Police recovers a bullet-riddled body of a man, identified as John Ch Marak from a road between Resubelpara and Gajing in East Garo Hills district, along with a note left by the GNLA which took responsibility for the killing, accusing the deceased of extorting money in its name and raping minor girls. SFs recovered three live rounds of AK-47 ammunitions indicating that the person may have been shot dead by the Russian-made assault rifle.
  • February 19: Union Home Minister P Chidambaram rules out any talks with the GNLA even as he reiterated the Union Government's determination to root out insurgency from Garo Hills. "GNLA has been declared a terrorist organisation. There won't be any talks with them but they have to abjure violence and give up arms," Chidambaram said.
  • February 20: The ANVC threatens to revive its old demand for greater Garoland, a separate State for Garos including the Garo-inhabited areas of Assam and West Khasi Hills, if the Government fails to respond to its demand for the GAC within a week.
  • February 21: Led by GNLA 'commander-in-chief' Sohan Shira the outfit attacks a police team at a forest area in Samanda in the East Garo Hills.
  • February 23: Suspected RVA militants abduct V.K.Gupta, an assistant general manager of SBI in East Garo Hills district. He was abducted at gun point by four unidentified men from Chotamatia area, said SK Jain, the State intelligence chief.
  • February 23: Jaintia Hills Police arrest former HNLC 'chief' Julius Dorphang and seven of his associates, all surrendered HNLC cadres, at Khliehriat in Jaintia hills district.
  • February 23: Two GNLA cadres identified as Jiten Marak and Daljing Marak surrender before West Garo Hills superintendent of Police Ricky Dkhar in Tura.
  • February 24: Suspected GNLA militants blast an IED in an unsuccessful attempt to blow up a Police vehicle packed with personnel in remote Siju area of South Garo Hills.
  • February 26: Suspected GNLA militants kill a retired Police constable, identified as Warnath S Sangma in Bansam Awe village, across the Simsang River near Samanda in East Garo Hills. February 26: CM Mukul Sangma rules out political talks with the GNLA saying "the outfit has to lay down arms and join the mainstream".
  • February 28 The Court of the First Class Magistrate, Khliehriat Civil Sub-division, remands former HNLC 'chief', Julius Dorphang and seven other surrendered HNLC cadres in 14-day judicial custody. The former HNLC chief and his seven associates were arrested on February 23 from Khliehriat on the basis of a complaint lodged by Testlang Rymbai, a local coal merchant of Wapungskur.
  • February 29: State Government assures the ANVC that the issue of creation of a GAC in Garo Hills would be taken up after the Budget session of the Assembly. This comes after the end of the deadline set by the ANVC on February 21 to respond to its demand for the GAC.
  • February 29: Six armed GNLA militants set ablaze their former colleague Sengrim G Momin alias Waljan's house at Dila Kamagre in Mendipather town of East Garo Hills district.
  • February 29: Three GNLA cadres, identified as Sanju Momin, Moti Marak and Jales R. Marak, are arrested by the Army at Dainadubi on the Assam-Meghalaya border.
  • March 1: East Garo Hills Police arrest two militants at Manikganj border in Mendipather region close to Assam border. The two were identified as Lanchu Rabha aka Nehur of ULFA-ATF and Lenin Rabha aka Moni of RVA.
  • March 2: Police neutralizes a GNLA hideout, wherein 100 powerful detonators used for triggering IED blasts were kept, near Kharkutta in East Garo Hills district.
  • March 2: A coal depot owner, identified as Dinesh Sharma, was abducted by a group of heavily armed militants from Ri Bhoi district on the Meghalaya-Assam border. The official said Sharma had gone to inspect his depot when a group of around eight armed militants abducted him.
  • March 3: Suspected GNLA cadres abduct two businessmen identified as Mohammad Jubar Ali and Amit Rabha hailing from Assam from a market area at Jangrapara close to Tikrikilla under Dadenggiri Civil Sub-Division in West Garo Hills. According to Police, several armed GNLA cadres came to the bazaar at Jangrapara and first fired in the air five rounds at around 10 am before abducting them.
  • March 3: Police arrest a GNLA cadre identified as Julius N Marak from the Goreng coal mine in Shallang in West Khasi Hills district. A crude bomb is recovered from his possession.
  • March 3: The BSF of Lalghat, in West Khasi Hills arrests one FICN racketeer while he was illegally intruding into India from Bangladesh. He has been identified as Ramjan Ali, a resident of Sunamganj, Bangladesh.
  • March 5: Meghalaya Police arrested six persons who were involved in the distribution of SIM cards to criminals, including militant outfits. Of the six, three have been put under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, for allegedly conniving with a "terrorist organization".
  • March 9: State Governor Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary admits that the activities of GNLA have posed a serious challenge to peace and development but the Government would do everything possible to neutralize it. Mooshahary said that action against the members of the outfit and those who are found to be supporting in raising funds for the militant group would be initiated as per the provision of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
  • March 9: Suspected GNLA militants gun down one person of Boro Gokul village near Bajengdoba in East Garo Hills.
  • March 11: BSF of Purakhasia Border Outpost in West Garo Hills dstrict arrest one suspected MULTA cadre, identified as Idrish Ali.
  • March 12: Six GNLA cadres are arrested by the police while rescuing a businessman who was abducted on March 2 following a raid at Umkrem jungle under Pelingkata area in Ri-Bhoi district.
  • March 14: Pakistan's external intelligence agency ISI has admitted before a three-member bench of the Pakistan Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhary to meddling in northeast India.
  • March 22: State Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh states that the State Government would not invite any militant groups for talks if they do not abjure the path of violence and lay down arms.
  • March 22: In a joint operation launched by Army camp, Paikan and Krishnai police, two GNLA cadre are apprehended along with arms and ammunition from Baida and Tilapara village in Goalpara district. The cadres are identified as Khemsing D Momin (32) and Sengkot Momin (31). Police and Army recovered from them 2 x 7.62 single barrel rifles and a cash worth Rs 9450.
  • March 22: Williamnagar Police in East Garo Hills district arrests Sanjib M Sangma, a kingpin involved in recruiting young boys to join the GNLA. The Police also rescued three teenagers who were being taken to enroll in the outfit. The three young boys who were rescued are identified as Sengjrang G Momin (17), Chanchang R Marak (16) and Chirikrak A Sangma (17).
  • March 25: Security Forces arrest two militants, including a woman, belonging to the Garo Hills-based GNLA, identified as Vishal Hajong and Balsri M Marak, from Barengpara village under Dalu Police Station in West Garo Hills.
  • March 25: Three cadres of HNLC surrender at Dawki Police Station. The surrendered cadres are identified as, 'sergeant' Wankerlang Kharnaior alias Balam alias Mawsynram, Thakur Pohlong alias Lurshai and 'lance corporal' Thimos Jana alias Khlur.
  • March 29: Security Forces rescue five persons hours after they were abducted by cadres of GNLA while arresting three GNLA militants from Lad Mawreng in East Khasi Hills.The five abductees, identified as Bolan Rabha, Ranjan Koch, Proveen Khalari, Halorstar Myrthong and Andrias Myrthong are employees of the Jaypee Group, which is executing Stage II of the Kynshi Hydel Power project, from Wahkaji in West Khasi Hills.
  • March 30: Two women cadres of the NDFB-RD, who underwent arms training in Bangladesh, are arrested by the BSF in Tura in West Garo Hills district while trying to cross over to Bangladesh.
  • March 30: ANVC, which is on a tripartite ceasefire agreement with the Government of India and the Government of Meghalaya, finally split which may have an impact on the ongoing peace process. The ANVC earlier had demanded a separate State for Garos but later climbed down to the demand for a GAC. The anti-talks faction is allegedly headed by Mukost Marak, a hardliner who had earlier allegedly killed four coal mine labourers in Nangalbibra on November 17, 2010 and was in hiding for a long time. Earlier in February it was reported that the ANVC was heading for a virtual split. At the time the pro-truce faction of the ANVC had denied that there was any split in the outfit.
  • March 31: A group of nine armed militants of the GNLA open fire at the 14 coal-laden trucks before pouring petrol and setting the vehicles on fire at Wageasi in East Garo Hills.
  • April 5: The Assam Police and Meghalaya Police in a joint operation gun down three GNLA militants in a fierce encounter in Mendipathar area of East Garo Hills district. An unidentified youth is also killed in the cross-firing between the security forces and militants. One AK-47 rifle and several rounds of ammunition are recovered from the spot.
  • April 6: An eight year old girl, Pyara Begum, a victim of GNLA terror attack on April 5, succumbs to her injuries.
  • April 6: Six employees of a Garo hills-based coal exporter are abducted by GNLA from Gausapara coal export point, 35 kilometres from Baghmara, the headquarters of South Garo Hills district.
  • April 6: Nado R. Marak, personal secretary to Mokus Marak, the 'commander-in-chief' of the breakaway faction of ANVC says that the group will still aspire for a greater Garoland and would like to come to a separate truce with the government. The original demand of the ANVC was for greater Garoland, which includes all the three districts of Garo hills, and Garo-dominated areas of West Khasi Hills as well as Goalpara and Kamrup districts in Assam.
  • April 7: Six coal export company workers who had been abducted by GNLA from Gasuapara in South Garo Hills district on April 6 have been released. The six are released unharmed from a forest hideout in the morning and has since been brought to Baghmara safely.
  • April 9: The State Government asserted that it is ready to hold talks with the breakaway faction of the ANVC. The State Chief Secretary WMS Pariat informed that the State Government has already received feeler from this oufit for talks with the Government. However, according to Pariat, a meeting will be convened shortly to explore whether they should be brought under the ambit of previous tripartite peace agreement or to have separate truce pact.
  • April 13: A Police commando and a 12-year-old girl, identified as Donamya Marak, are injured in an encounter with the GNLA militants at Adokgre village near Chokpot in South Garo Hills. A GNLA militant was also seriously injured in the encounter.
  • April 17: The former ANVC spokesperson Torik Jangning Marak, who assumed charge as the 'chairman' of the ANVC-B and took the name of Rimpu N. Marak, says that the outfit is still awaiting a positive response from the Meghalaya Government for dialogue.
  • April 19: Police shot dead a GNLA cadre during an encounter with a group of militants at Maidugiitim, around 40 kilometers from Baghmara in South Garo Hills.
  • April 24: Suspected GNLA militants kill a villager in Rohanpara village under Purakhasia region of West Garo Hills district suspecting him to be a Police informer.
  • April 27: Meghalaya Police arrests a Police Constable, identified as Alex Grahambel Marak, for his alleged links with GNLA. Marak is arrested from his place of posting at Bholaganj, around 75 kilometers from Shillong in East Khasi Hills district.
  • April 28: A suspected militant, identified as Titol Marak is shot dead by the Meghalaya Police on the National Highway, 62, in East Garo Hills district.
  • May 2: Two persons, identified as Sudir Mahanta and Anwar Hussain, are injured in a grenade attack at a market in Shallang in West Khasi Hills district. The explosion took place at around 6pm when two suspected to be GNLA cadres lobbed two grenades at the market place, Police said.
  • May 4: BSF takes all precautionary measures to thwart any attempt by Bangladeshi nationals to enter India through the newly-opened border haat (market) at Balat in East Khasi Hills district. Trading activities at Balat border was started recently where traders and buyers from both India and Bangladesh converged.
  • May 5: The BSF arrested one Bangladeshi suspect, identified as Sonu Mia, along with three country-made wooden boats worth INR 90,000 in West Khasi Hills.
  • May 8: Reiterating his Government's stand of going all out against GNLA, Chief Minister Mukul Sangma makes a clarion call to its cadres to lay down arms even as he assured attractive packages for them provided they came forward to surrender.
  • May 16: Meghalaya Chief Minister Mukul Sangma makes it clear that his Government will not hold any dialogue with the proscribed GNLA. The Chief Minister said, "After the people's defiance, the government's decision not to succumb to their pressure tactics has become more pronounced."
  • May 16: Top CPI-Maoist leaders, including one Moina Dohotiya are actively involved in the outfit's expansion into the northeast. The report quotes a source within the security establishment as saying, "There are about 100 listed cadres and they have three carbines, a couple of .315 rifles and pistols, few grenades and one M16 rifle. In the middle and lower Assam regions, they are probably at a very nascent stage. We have not observed any Maoist activity in these places". The source further said, "The Maoists have so far recruited youths from the state and few Khamti boys from Arunachal Pradesh. However, unlike Jharkhand, there is just a sprinkling of Adivasi youths here. There are couple of youths from Goalpara and Kamrup district but the majority are from Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and Golaghat districts and many from Dhemaji and Lakhimpur districts".
  • May 16: The GNLA militants kill a villager from South Garo Hills for extorting money in the name of the outfit. According to the Police, the incident took place in the night after the militants abducted him. The body of the villager was recovered with bullet marks from Silkigre village in Chokpot, South Garo Hills. The militants, who executed the villager, left a note identifying the victim as Gobin Sangma and said he had resorted to extortion in the name of the outfit. GNLA leader Jack Marak, who is looking after the affairs of GNLA in Chokpot, South Garo Hills, signed the letter. Several villagers were executed by the GNLA in the past on the allegation that they were either extortionists or Police informers.
  • May 18: Surrendered 'chairman' of HNLC Julius Dorphang has been projected as the candidate for the Mawhati constituency (Ri Bhoi district) for the 2013 Assembly elections.
  • May 22: A suspected GNLA cadre is arrested from Nongchram area near Shallang West Khasi Hills district. A foreign-made hand-grenade is seized from him.
  • May 23: A top PLA leader identified as 'Colonel' Lily Leima has been arrested along with two accomplices by the BSF while trying to cross over the border from Bangladesh to India, according to reliable sources in Imphal (Manipur). The other accomplices have been identified as LT Ibecha and one Mema.
  • May 24: Two top militants of the GNLA, identified as Elvin M Sangma aka Oldng and Rikseng D Sangma aka Moga, involved in several criminal activities surrender to West Garo Hills district Police along with .32 pistol and nine bullets and three Chinese hand grenades.
  • May 25: The BSF arrest a top cadre of HNLC, identified as Poli Tangsan alias Suk, from the Dawki border in Jaintia Hills district while he was infiltrating into India from Bangladesh.

2011

  • Janyary 1: Clashes between the Garo and Rabha tribes erupt when the Rabhas attack a wedding party of the Garos and target a Garo pastor.
  • January 3: Curfew is imposed in Mendipathar and its adjoining areas of East Garo Hills district after an ethnic clash between the Garo and Rabha tribal groups. More than 30 houses belonging to the Rabha community were allegedly torched by Garos at Mendipathar Rabhapara village in retaliation for the recent attacks on Garos by Rabha youths.
  • January 5: Four persons are killed in two separate incidents in the Bajengdoba section in the ongoing ethnic turmoil between the Garos and the Rabhas. A mob attacked a vehicle carrying 12 Rabha coal labourers at Gokulgre village, 13 km from Bajengdoba, and bludgeoned to death three of them while the others sustained grievous injuries. The labourers were heading towards Assam from the Tura route but had to turn back at Bajengdoba due to the escalating violence during the day.
  • January 6: Over 18,000 Garo and Rabha tribals are displaced from their homes in Assam and Meghalaya due to ethnic clashes between the two communities. The figure could further increase, official sources said. The situation continues to remain tense with the death toll from the ongoing violence rising to seven.
  • January 7: Curfew is relaxed for 3 hrs from 2 pm in Meghalaya's Resublepara area as the toll in the ethnic clashes between Garo and Rabha tribals rose to eight with the recovery of three bodies and one person dying of his injuries.
  • January 7: The All Rabha Students’ Union (ARSU) suspends their 500-hour economic blockade to facilitate movement of essential commodities to the Garo Hills.
  • January 7: Nine more bodies are recovered at Kukurkata area under the Bajendhoba Police Station of Meghalaya.
  • January 7: Over 30,000 people displaced from their homes so far due to outbreak of ethnic clash between Garos and Rabhas. In East Garo Hills, ten relief camps have been set up so far. “We have at least 5400 displaced people in these camps from both Rabha and Garo communities in the last count and it has been reported that another 30,000 are in various camps of Assam,” Meghalaya Chief Secretary, WMS Pariat told reporters.
  • January 9: Two people are killed and 12 injured in fresh violence in riot-hit areas of Meghalaya-Assam border. Several houses and trucks carrying supplies to the riot-hit areas in Meghalaya are also torched at Paikan area on the tense inter-state border. The army has been deployed on the inter-state border.
  • January 10: The number of deaths raises to 10 and as many as 300 houses on both sides of the two states have been torched, while nearly 40,000 people have been displaced in ethnic clashes between Garos and Rabhas that entered the tenth day.
  • January 10: Four Rabha militants belonging to the Rabha Security Force (RSF) are arrested by the BSF personnel from Balmuri village, 3 kms from Solmari in Bajengdoba in East Garo Hills district. The four militants identified as Kasiram Rabha (30), Gangadhar Rabha (30), Dhanonjoy Rabha (40) and Aniraj Rabha (17 years) hail from Agia in Assam. They had planned to sneak into Garo Hills, create arson attacks and target the Garo villages.
  • January 14: Two GNLA cadres hailing from Assam are arrested by SF personnel at Nongshram Adeng in West Khasi Hills district while serving demand notes to local businessmen.
  • January 16: The situation in East Garo Hills district where nine people are killed and several families rendered homeless in the ethnic clashes between the Garos and Rabhas is returning to normalcy. East Garo Hills Deputy Commissioner Pravin Bakshi tells that 11 of the 18 relief camps had been closed as the inmates of these camps had gone back to their homes and villages. According to official sources, 44 Rabha families who left their homes have come back to Meghalaya.
  • January 23: The HNLC calls a 24-hour bandh (general shut down) to boycott the Republic Day celebrations in Meghalaya.
  • January 23: A Police Constable Savio Marak is suspected to have joined the GNLA. Marak, deployed in the ethnic-riot hit Mendipathar area of East Garo Hills district, went missing since January 21, 2011 with two rifles and 60 rounds of ammunition.
  • January 24: Intelligence sources say that the policeman Savio Marak has joined the GNLA to take revenge against the Rabhas following the recent Garo-Rabhas clashes along the Assam Meghalaya border.
  • January 25: Security Forces arrest two HNLC militants, identified as Rilang Dohling alias Rilang of Sohra Khliehshnong and Maianbor Tongseng alias Batskhem of Lapalang village near Pynursla, with arms and ammunition at Mooralong, Ladthadlaboh, Jowai in Jaintia Hills district.
  • January 26: A major controversy erupts in East Garo Hills district as the villagers went for a general strike in front of a Police Station in Williamnagar town over the killing of a 50-year-old man, claimed to be a cadre of the GNLA by the SOT of the SFs. The SOT Police commandos raided Rongrekgre village, 10 Kilometers from across the Simsang river, and shot dead one person and arrested four others claiming them to be members of the GNLA.
  • January 26: Security forces bust a training camp of the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) in East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya, killing a guerrilla and arresting three others.
  • January 28: Police recover Rs 2.27 lakh from the militants belonging to HNLC from a house of one Hoidiam Liam of Riatsasim in Jaintia Hills district. The recovery was based on the information provided by one Manbhakupar Dohling alias Rilang Dohling, who was arrested along with another HNLC cadre on January 25.
  • February 4: The proprietor of a Reliance petrol depot is suspected to have been abducted at gunpoint by a rebel group in South Garo Hills district's Gasuapara area near the India-Bangladesh border in Meghalaya. Police strongly suspect the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) to be behind the abduction.
  • February 6: Former Deputy Superintendent of Police-turned-militant leader Champion Sangma’s GNLA is offering a ‘better package’ to attract constables in the State to its fold. Government sources said that there were inputs, which suggest that the GNLA was offering a monthly package of INR 400,000 to INR 500,000 to Police personnel to join the outfit.
  • February 9: Policeman Savio Marak, who was suspected of deserting his ranks to join the GNLA militant outfit while on duty in the Mendipather region in Williamnagar district in January 2011, confirms about his joining GNLA.
  • February 10: Security Forces arrest four top ranking NDFB militants, including the masterminds of the 2008 Assam serial blasts and the 2010 serial killings in Assam, from Byrnihat in Ri Bhoi district. The arrestees were identified as Mathuram Brahma alias Mudoi alleged to be the mastermind behind the October 2008 serial blasts in Assam, Lachit Boro alias Haijang a ‘commander’ who masterminded the serial killing of 20 people in Assam's Sonitpur district, Nwzar Basumatary and Mukul Boro.
  • February 12: Interrogation of the four arrested NDFB militants reveal that militants continue to use the porous Meghalaya stretch of the India-Bangladesh border.
  • February 13: The arrested NDFBmilitants admit their involvement in a number of killings and blasts in Assam, besides links with militant outfits like HNLC and GNLA.
  • February 15: The prime suspect behind some of the major bombings in Assam, Mathuram Brahma alias Mudoi of NDFB, who was arrested by Meghalaya Police from village Rangsana in Ri-bhoi district bordering Assam on February 10, would be handed over to the Central Bureau of Investigation.
  • February 16: Security Forces arrest a militant from Motphran area of Shillong city. A pistol and two bullets are seized from his possession.
  • February 17: Rupasing Phaklary, a senior militant belonging to the NDFB-ATF is arrested from Balachanda village of Selsella in West Garo Hills district.
  • February 21: Disclosing that Maoists are enhancing their striking power by adding sophisticated weapons like AK-47, SLR and mortars in their arsenal to combat government offensives, security sources in the MHA tells Asian Age that Maoist military strategist Kishenji’s inclination towards the Northeast insurgent group was aimed at procuring sophisticated weapons available in abundant quantity with Northeast insurgent groups.
  • February 24: A GNLA cadre, identified as Anand R.Marak (28) of Khasikhakra of Goalpara district of Assam, is arrested at Shallang market in West Khasi Hills district. Anand is wanted by Police in connection with the abduction of the Nokma of Riangshi village in October 2010.
  • February 27: A top militant of the NDFB-ATF identified as Anjima Boro alias Ajit Murong alias Ajit Boro is arrested along the India-Bangladesh border in Meghalaya. He is reported to have arrested after he sneaked into the country from Bangladesh through Baldova village in West Garo Hills District. The militant leader is also the prime accused in the IED explosion damaging the iron bridge at Zigzag in West Garo Hills District.
  • February 28: Two senior ULFA cadres, Anupam Sonowal and Robin Baruah, are handed over by the BBG to the BSF at Dawki in East Khasi Hills district.
  • March 9: After more than one and a half months of stay in relief camps in Assam’s Goalpara district, the last batch of 6500 displaced Rabhas return to camps in Meghalaya between February 25 and March 1. The Rabhas have been kept in 18 transit camps and are 4711 in numbers after the recent ethnic clash between the Garos and the Rabhas.
  • March 14: Setting condition for talks, the ANVC tells PC Haldar, the Union Government’s peace interlocutor to hold meeting with them at Tura, the district Headquarters of West Garo hills district. Government officials on the other hand said they are yet to receive ANVC’s request. Haldar is scheduled to arrive in Shillong on March 15 to meet Meghalaya Government officials and ANVC leaders on March 16. The six-year-old tripartite ceasefire agreement which was signed in July 2004 between the Centre, Meghalaya Government and the ANVC will expire on March 31.
  • March 14: One HNLC militant surrenders before the BSF at Pyrdiwah border outpost in East Khasi Hills district. The militant identified as Corporal Jackson Suting, is a close associate of HNLC ‘commander-in-chief’ Bobby Marwein.
  • March 21: Ambush on the convoy of the SDO of Resubelpara in East Garo Hills district by a group of GNLA militants. The militants open indiscriminate fire inside a jungle road across the Simsang river of Williamnagar town.
  • March 22: The Union Government extends the ceasefire with the ANVC by another three months till June 22. The meeting attended by Joint Secretary in Home Ministry (North East Affairs-in-charge) Naveen Verma, Meghalaya Principal Resident Commissioner AK Bhalla and ANVC ‘General Secretary’ Wanding K Marak.
  • April 5: Suspected militants belonging to the proscribed Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) raid a depot belonging to one of the biggest coal exporters of Garo Hills and shot dead five of its labourers and injured one seriously in the interior of South Garo Hills district late in retaliation for the exporter’s failure to submit to its extortion demands.
  • April 14: Suspected GNLA militants attack a gas station by lobbying a crude bomb in the heart of Mendipather town that belongs to one Prakash Ch Momin in East Garo Hills district. No casualty reported.
  • April 27: Twenty GNLA rebels, led by their camp commander Mingran T Sangma, surrender themselves to Meghalya Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh. They deposit sophisticated weapons.
  • May 5: Three ULFA militants, including a senior leader, surrender before a joint team of Assam and Meghalaya police at Rongrenggri in East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya. The militants are: self-styled second lieutenant Basanta Goswami, Sarbajeet Konwar and Niranjan Roy.
  • May 19: Security Forces arrest four GNLA militants, three of them Bangladeshis, in West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya. The arrestees were identified as Rupanto Thiran, Ledison Thiran, Parhari Diwa and Froainath Marak.
  • June 1: Three GNLA militants are arrested at a check gate at Athiabari in West Khasi Hills district. The militants are identified as Phairos Marak (26), Amost Sangma (26) and Vituos Marak (24).
  • August 3: Suspected militants belonging to the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) and the ant-talk factions of the ULFA and NDFB shoot dead a senior village chief (Nokma) at Jeldupara village near Selsella in West Garo Hills district.
  • August 9: Four Garo militants belonging to the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) including its deputy army chief are gunned down by security forces and a huge cache of weapons seized from a GNLA camp inside the thick jungles of Bolkimgre, 2 kms from district headquarters Williamnagar of East Garo Hills district.
  • August 12: The Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) has decided not to boycott the Independence Day celebrations but called a 24-hour Garo Hills bandh the next day.
  • August 15: In a statement issued to media, ANVC issues quit notices and set a 20-day deadline for the NDFB and ULFA militants to move out of Garo hills.
  • August 16: A truck driver and a handyman from Assam are chased and shot dead by suspected GNLA militants after they drove into South Garo Hills, unaware of a bandh imposed by the outfit.
  • August 29: A senior Garo militant belonging to the Liberation of Achik Elite Force (LAEF) surrenders to East Garo Hills police with a .32 pistol with 6 live rounds, two Chinese hand grenades and two rocket propelled explosives.
  • August 31: The commander-in-chief of Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) is killed in a brawl in Bangladesh.
  • September 4: East Garo Hills police seizes Rs 7 lakh, which was being transported to a hideout of militant outfit Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA), from a Maruti car at a check point at Chisobibra village, 7 kms from Williamnagar town in Tura. They also arrest three persons including two Garo Students Union leaders.
  • September 5: The GNLA announces a three day Garo Hills bandh from September 12 demanding that the Meghalaya Government call off operations against them and withdraws its forces from the jungles of East and South Garo Hills.
  • September 5: Four GNLA militants surrender to police at Williamnagar police station in Tura.
  • September 7: Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) kidnaps a contractor from Kherapara area, 23 kms from Tura.
  • September 9: Two abducted traders are released by the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA).
  • September 27: Heavily armed militants belonging to the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) ambushes a police patrol in remote Chokpot area of South Garo Hills, 55 kms from Tura leading to a heavy exchange of fire. However, there were no casualties.
  • October 15: GNLA militants kill one policeman and assault two others after abducting them from Gambegre Development Block in Tura.
  • October 26: GNLA militants shoots and injures a woman in a village in East Garo Hills accusing her of being a police informer.
  • October 31: Four police constables and a civilian driver are killed when a group of GNLA militants ambushed a police patrol at Nengpatchi in East Garo Hills district.
  • November 21: Two traders of Assam are abducted by suspected GNLA militants when they went to sell their wares in a weekly market near Selsella in West Garo Hills district.
  • November 25: GNLA chairman, Champion R. Sangma is arrested by Royal Action Bangladesh (RAB) commandos from Mymensingh district in Bangladesh.

2010

  • January 7: Four HNLC cadres, including Cherishterfield Thangkhiew, General Secretary of the outfit and Sainkupar Nongtraw, the publicity secretary are pushed back to India from Bangladesh.
  • January 14: Meghalaya Police arrest two top leaders of Hynniewtrep Liberation Front (HLF) including the self-styled 'Commander-in-chief' identified as Mawthoh and its chairman Shembhalang Dkhar from Demthring and Lum Jingsuk localities in Shillong respectively.
  • January 15: Assam Police arrest a leader of the ULFA from Woodland Hospital in Shillong. Identified as Pradip Kalita, he was believed to be a member of the 27th Battalion of the outfit and was admitted into the hospital on January 13 for malaria.
  • January 16: Two activists of Liberation Achik Elite Force are killed and another injured in a gunfight with security forces in Songsak area bordering South Garo Hills and West Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya.
  • January 17: Police arrest Randall Nongrum, a cadre of the newly formed militant organization Hynniewtrep Liberation Front (HLF). Nongrum is arrested from Madanrting.
  • January 18: A cadre of Hynniewtrep Liberation Front, Livingson Khongsti alias 'Mike' alias 'Leesen' surrender before the Superintendent of Police, East Khasi Hills.
  • January 23: A National Youth Award winner is arrested in Shillong on charges of having links with the Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC). According to the Police, Andreas H Marwein, who had received the National Youth Award last year, was arrested last week for allegedly working as an over ground worker of the militant outfit. According to police, Andreas had collected nearly Rs 1 crore over the last five years for the HNLC and helped mobilize youths to join the rebel group.
  • January 27: Nine insurgents of the proscribed Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC), are arrested by the police during a raid in West Khasi Hills district. Among those arrested, includes the area commander of the outfit Alex Harshah.
  • March 25: One Meghalaya minister and some MLAs from Garo hills receive extortion notes from the nascent militant outfit Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA).
  • June 26: Guwahati City Police arrest four militants including two cadres of UNLF and two cadres of Liberation of Achik Elite Force (LAEF), a newly-formed outfit of Garo Hills.
  • June 26: Security forces in Garo Hills with assistance from the army achieve its first major breakthrough against the newly created Garo militant outift called Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) by gunning down two of its senior leaders who were returning to a camp deep inside the jungles of Kharkutta in East Garo Hills district bordering Assam. The deceased are identified as senior GNLA member Patrick Marak who is also known as Jong and Janggam in the GNLA.
  • June 30: New Delhi extends the Suspension of Operations (SoO) agreement with the Achik National Volunteers’ Council (ANVC), for a further period of three months. The extension came in the wake of the expiry of the truce with the Government on June 30.
  • July 14: Two separatist rebels of the Liberation A'chik Elite Force (LAEF) are arrested from Wage-Asi Imbangi area under East Garo Hills district in western Meghalaya.
  • July 16: The Garo National Liberation Army, a militant group operating in Meghalaya, sends extortion demands ranging from Rs 30-40 lakh each to three government officials through mobile text messages. The outfit has sent the extortion demands to the district transport officer and block development officer in East Garo Hills district, while a sub-divisional officer (civil) at Resubelpara received an extortion note signed by GNLA finance secretary Jagpil Sangma.
  • August 1: Two separatist rebels of the Liberation A'chik Elite Force (LAEF) surrender along with a huge cache of ammunition in Meghalaya.
  • August 5: Aiborlang Khartani alias Saddam Hussein, a top rebel member of the outlawed Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC), which is demanding a sovereign Khasi homeland in eastern Meghalaya, is arrested along with two AK-47 rifles and ammunition.
  • August 5: A separatist rebel of the Liberation A'chik Elite Force (LAEF) surrenders along with one revolver and five rounds of .32 live ammunition in East Garo Hills district.
  • August 10: Suspected GNLA releases Pebilson Marak, a coal trader who was abducted from Rongjeng in East Garo Hills district on August 7. Police said the coal merchant was released at Narenggre after his relatives had reportedly paid 11 lakh as ransom.
  • August 15: Police arrest three persons from Nengringittim in East Garo Hills for allegedly serving a demand note in the name of PLF-M.
  • August 16: A GNLA cadre surrender at Rongjeng Police Station in East Garo Hills district.
  • August 19: The Special Operation Team (SOT) personnel arrests nine cattle smugglers from Pynursla area in East Khasi Hills district. The Police also seize 16 cattle heads, INR 265000, one truck, five light vehicles and nine cell phones from their possession.
  • August 20: Three cadres of Manipur-based Military Council faction of the KCP are arrested by BSF personnel from Latagtilla in East Khasi Hills district along India-Bangladesh border. The BSF arrested Laxman while trying to infiltrate from Bangladesh. Following his confession, BSF in collaboration with Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) arrest two others.
  • August 24: Two linkmen of unspecified militant outfits belonging to Manipur are arrested by the Border Security Force in Meghalaya.
  • August 24: The ANVC claims that the outfit''s designated camps are in serious crisis due to non-availability of funds for several months. The ANVC submits a letter to Chief Minister Mukul Sangma through West Garo Hills Deputy Commissioner Sanjay Goyal to intervene in the matter.
  • August 27: The HNLC changes its earlier pro-talk stance stating that it had no "agenda" to have peace talks with the Government.
  • September 7: The Meghalaya Police raids a hideout of the ULFA in Danal Dasik area under Songsak Police Station of East Garo Hills district and exchange fire with militants. A top ‘commander’ of the ‘109th battalion’ of the ULFA, Gulit Das, was among the six militants hiding in the place.
  • September 9: Reports say that the ULFA is making attempts to set up bases inside remote Garo Hills villages and jungles. It was evident from 7 September’s encounter with police commandos that led to the confiscation of several arms and ammunition from the rebels. The ULFA team was led by ‘senior commander’ Gulit Das of the outfit’s 9th battalion.
  • September 12: The HNLC threatens the people against participating in the municipal elections scheduled to be held in Meghalaya on September 14 and 15.
  • September 14: The ANVC says the outfit is ready to support the civic elections in Garo Hills if it did not harm the interest of the Garo people.
  • September 18: Three LAEF militants are lynched after a scuffle with villagers at Menadoba market in East Garo Hills district.
  • September 20: Self-styled HNLC “commander- in-chief” Bobby Marwein vows to continue with the outfit’s armed struggle and denies the police’s claim that the HNLC’s strength is on the wane.
  • September 20: Two militants of the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) surrender before Border Security Force (BSF) Inspector-General, Assam and Meghalaya frontier, RC Saxena, in Shillong.
  • September 24: Fifteen middle-ranking ULFA leaders and their families, including eight women and five children, are handed over to Assam Police by the BSF in Meghalaya. A Police official in West Garo Hills said the BSF had detained the ULFA cadres, their wives and children after they were "pushed back" by the Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) in the border village of Halchati near Mahendraganj.
  • September 25: An unidentified LAEF cadre is shot dead by the Police during an encounter at Shahlang in West Khasi Hills district. While a locally made revolver, a demand note of INR 7,00,000 is recovered from the possession of the slain cadre, three other cadres managed to escape from the encounter site.
  • September 26: A combined force of the West Garo Hills, East Garo Hills and South Garo Hills district Police neutralize a major camp housing two different units of the GNLA in Durama Hills of Nokrek Range. The militants managed to escape.
  • September 27: Three well-trained ULFA militants are handed over by the Bangladesh Rifles to the Border Security Force at Halchati border outpost between Dalu and Purakhasia in West Garo Hills district. They are subsequently taken into custody by the Assam Police.
  • September 30: Five armed rebels from the Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) abduct R Syngkon, the district transport officer of East Garo Hills district, and his driver from his official residence in Williamnagar.
  • October 1: A militant of the Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) surrender before the Border Security Force (BSF). The surrendered militant has been identified as self-styled corporal Richarbor alias Juban (25) of Lynkhoi Village, West Khasi Hills district.
  • October 6: Mansrang M Sangma, founder member of GNLA, surrenders before Sylvester Nongtynger, police chief of East Garo Hills district, in the wake of the ongoing combing operation code-named 'Operation Durama'.
  • October 6: Ceasefire between the Union Government and the ANVC is extended without any time frame on September 30.
  • October 6: Mansrang M Sangma, founder member of GNLA, surrenders before Sylvester Nongtynger, police chief of East Garo Hills district, in the wake of the ongoing combing operation code-named 'Operation Durama'.
  • October 7: Meghalaya Home Minister HDR Lyngdoh says the rehabilitation package for surrendered militants would not apply to any surrendered GNLA cadres.
  • October 9: A GNLA militant surrenders before the Police at Dobu in East Garo Hills district.
  • October 9: At least eight people are injured in a bomb blast triggered in a shopping place at Tura in West Garo Hills district. The blast is suspected to be the handiwork of the GNLA.
  • October 23: Meghalaya Police arrest the alleged "chief recruiting agent" of the GNLA, Dikseng M Sangma and two of his close aides, Wallen Ch Marak and Stingson Ch Marak, from East Garo Hills district.
  • November 17: Suspected GNLA militants kill two coal miners and attack a petrol pump in South Garo Hills district. The migrant coal miners, identified as Nazrul Islam and Kuki Boro, are killed in two different coal quarry areas, according to a local Police official from the area.
  • November 24: The GNLA militants release District Transport Officer (DTO) of Williamnagar in the Robinus Syngkon area after receiving and unspecified amount of ransom. The DTO had to spend close to two months in the captivity of the militants.
  • December 2: Garo Hills Police gun down Nikseng G Momin, chief of the proscribed Liberation of A’chik Elite Force (LAEF) inside the Darugre Reserve Forest in Rongjeng area, close to remote West Khasi Hills district. The outfit had been operating in East Garo Hills district.
  • December 10: Four militants of the breakaway faction of the GNLA, including its leader, Jokin Momin, are killed during an encounter with Police in East Garo Hills district. Five militants are arrested while at least one managed to escape with a bullet injury in the encounter.
  • December 12: Garo Hills Police recover five rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) from a hideout belonging to slain militant leader Joking G Momin from Soenang village, 5 kilometres from Gajingpara locality of Resubelpara subdivision in East Garo Hills district.
  • December 12: The Meghalaya Government invites the GNLA for talks to "facilitate their surrender".
  • December 16: The ‘chairman’ of LAEF, Dimrim N Sangma alias Ramen, surrenders before the East Garo Hills district SP S Nongtnger along with four other cadres of the outfit in Williamnagar.
  • December 16: The Ministry of Home Affairs extends its ban on the HNLC terming all wings and factions of the outfit as unlawful.
  • December 16: Rimudu Sutnga, a businessman exporting coal to Bangladesh, is abducted by two unidentified suspects from a coal depot at Warima area in South Garo Hills district.
  • December 19: Three GNLA militants, including ‘general secretary’ Gregory A Sangma alias Jerry, surrender before the East aro Hills SP Sylvester Nongtynger at the district headquarters town of Williamnagar, after they deserted the outfit. The two other surrenderees were Goran D. Sangma alias Chesang and Jamin Sangma alias Kakati. The militants, who described the pathetic living conditions at the GNLA camp, told the Police that more cadres were willing to lay down arms.
  • December 20: According to Police sources, there are clear indications about the GNLA giving shares of extortion money to politicians in Meghalaya. "We have specific inputs which indicate GNLA having some political patronage allowing the outfit to carry out its activities openly”, a senior police official said.
  • December 20: The ANVC gives a strong hint of going back to its earlier demand for a separate Garoland while blaming the State Government for the slow progress of the negotiation process.
  • December 23: A new outfit from West Khasi Hills, "Western Hynniewtrep People Liberation Front (WHPLF)", issues a stern warning against rash driving by truckers along the Shillong-Nongstoin road.
  • December 29: Three MULTA militants are arrested from the India-Bangladesh border in West Garo Hills district while trying to infiltrate into India from Bangladesh via Purakhasia area. The militants identified themselves as Abdul Rasid, Bansar Ali and Zaffar Ali.

2009

  • January 4: One NDFB militant succumbs to his injuries, who was arrested yesterday after being wounded in an encounter with the Police in the Shohksih coal mining area of Jaintia Hills District. The deceased militant hails from Churachi village of Nalbari District in Assam, and was involved along with militants of the HNLC in an extortion drive in the coalfields of Jaintia Hills District.
  • January 8: Five suspected KYKL militants, including two women cadres, are nabbed by Meghalaya police from a rented house in the Malki area of Shillong.
  • Jan 9: Meghalaya police apprehend five KYKL ultras from Manipur, including two women, from Malki locality. The police have identified those apprehended as: Ningthajan Romen (23), Thokthom Ibomacha (24), Hao Bijan Dingku Singh (34) Haobjan Maipoki (21) and Chanchal Bino Bala (32).
  • January 28: Three members of KSU's Umrasong Unit under Khliehriat Civil Sub-Division are allegedly kidnapped by people from Green Valley Industry Private Limited. The KSU activists who have gone ‘missing’ are K Rymbai, S Swer and J Bareh.
  • February 4: Three suspected cadres, including a woman, of the Manipur-based Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) are apprehended from the Indo-Bangladesh border along Meghalaya by BSF during its intensified operations and anti-infiltration drive on the international border. Two of them were identified as Mema (48) and her son Vinod (15), residents of Imphal in Manipur, while the third was Narayan Singh (25) of Bangladesh’s Sunamganj district.
  • February 4: A mother and son suspected to be members of the proscribed Manipur-based Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) militant outfit are arrested by BSF jawans in Meghalaya while attempting to cross-over to Bangladesh. One Bangladeshi national, Narayan Singh, who was detailed to guide both the mother and son, is also nabbed.
  • February 12: BSF personnel arrest a suspected PLA cadre, Lisum Premjeet, from Dawki in the Jaintia Hills District along the India-Bangladesh border.
  • February 12: One woman cadre of the HNLC, identified as Marbilas Syiemlieh, surrenders before the East Khasi Hills District Police in capital Shillong.
  • February 17: Two PLA militants are arrested by the Border Security Force personnel from Shella in the East Khasi Hills District. They are identified as Krishna Mohan from Thoubal District and Sushil alias Santi from Bishnupur District in Manipur.
  • February 19: BSF personnel arrest four PLA militants, including two female cadres, and a Bangladeshi 'transborder courier' of the outfit, from Beltoli area in the East Khasi Hills District along the India-Bangladesh border.

 

  • March 1: At Dawki three HNLC female cadres surrender before the Superintendent of Police of Jaintia Hills District, M.K. Singh.

 

  • March 4: PREPAK militants abduct two children, Thongam Noba Singh and Teson Rakesh Singh from Thoubal District of Manipur.

 

  • March 5: The two children abducted by PREPAK militants on March 4 manage to escape from the confinement of the militants at Nongthymmai in the capital Shillong.

 

  • March 10: One HNLC cadre surrenders before the Superintendent of Police of East Khasi Hills District.

 

  • March 24: A camp of the LAEF outfit at Tajal area near Shahlang in the West Khasi Hills District is neutralised by Meghalaya Police.

 

  • March 30: Kalwin Lyngdoh (19), a UPDS militant, surrenders before the Police at Khanduli village in Jaintia Hills District.

 

  • March 31: According to a report in The Sentinel, illegal traders along the Khasi-Jaintia hills are victims of an extortion drive carried out by the HNLC.

 

  • April 6: Two HNLC militants – Andreas Sangma and his wife Angelina Shylla – surrender before the Police at Shillong.

 

  • April 12: HNLC declares 24 hrs bandh from 6 pm on April 12 protesting Sonia Gandhi’s Visit. 

 

  • May 8: UPA Government revokes President’s rule in Meghalaya, which was imposed in the state on March 19, 2009.  

 

  • May 2: Meghalaya Police, in collaboration with the Assam Police arrest two BW militants, identified as Aten Haflongbar and Darshing Rongpi, from a vehicle along the National Highway at Mawblei village on Assam-Meghalaya border. INR five million in cash, reportedly to be used for striking an arms deal, are recovered from their possession.
  • June 23: A suspected HUJI cadre is arrested by the BSF from the bordering area of Balajan in Dhubri .
  • June 29: Three NDFB militants are arrested from Bamundanga village in Tikrikilla area by West Garo Hills Police.
  • July 1: Two Liberation A'chik Elite Force (LAEF) cadres are arrested by a special police team from Byrnihat and Police Bazaar area in Shillong.
  • July 7: Three Liberation A’chik Elite Force (LAEF) militants are arrested in East Garo Hills district while extorting money of Rs 5 lakh from an unidentified local businessman.
  • July 18: Three FCI officials and another person are abducted by the Unification faction of the NSCN from a hotel in Dimapur. July 19: The abducted FCI officials and another person are released by the unification faction of the NSCN.
  • August 12: HNLC calls for a 24-hour general strike from 6 pm on August 14 to 6 pm on August 15.
  • August 21: Suspected ULFA militants abduct the manager and chief engineer of Virgo cement company from a place between Damas and Damra in East Garo Hills.
  • August 24: Intelligence sources say that the two officials of Virgo cement company are being held captive by suspected ULFA militants as they had allegedly refused to pay Rs.20 lakh to the outfit.
  • September 11: Centre rejects a demand for a separate Garo state by Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC).
  • September 20: The Home department of Meghalaya government says that the state government is ready to examine the demand of Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC) for an autonomous status for Garo hills.
  • September 30: Deputy Commandant of Border Security Force (BSF), Trideep Sangma says that ULFA has given birth to a new tribal Garo militant group to strengthen its base in Garo Hills region of Meghalaya. A’chik Tiger Force (ATF), the new militant group was formed a few months ago after the Liberation A’chik Elite Force (LAEF) was neutralised with many of its cadres either arrested or surrendering before the state police.
  • December 16: HNLC calls a 24-hour bandh during Union Home Minister P Chidambaram’s scheduled visit to Meghalaya on December 19. The HNLC has called the bandh from 6 pm of December 18 to 6 pm of December 19 in the entire Khasi-Jaintia Hills district in “protest” against the Union Home Minister’s visit. HNLC spokesman Sainkupar Nongtraw has, in an e-mail, accused New Delhi of “illegal subjugation of our land” and “disrespecting human rights”. Chidambaram would visit and address trainees of the North Eastern Police Academy at Umsaw during the passing-out parade.
  • December 23: Suspected HNLC rebels gun down a prominent coal exporter and shot at his wife in their Pomshutia village residence near the India-Bangladesh border. • December 23: A ‘corporal’ of the ULFA -- Jatin Shaw alias Alput Thapa — surrenders to BSF IG Prithvi Raj.

 

2008

  • January 20: Madan Koch, area commander of ULFA shot dead by security force personnel at Katalbari near Garobadha in the West Garo Hills district. The deceased ILFA oversaw the shipment of explosives and weapons from across Bangladesh passing through Garo Hills enroute to the neighbouring State of Assam.
  • January 26: 24-hour strike called by the HNLC in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in protest against the celebration of the Republic Day.
  • February 6: Security forces arrest six suspected ULFA militants at Dainadubi in the Mendipathar area of East Garo Hills.
  • February 16: Kalti Rava and Tejimala Rava, women bomb experts of ULFA, and their sympathiser, Lovison Sangma, are arrested by police personnel from Bangsi Donggre village in the East Garo Hills district.
  • February 21: Pradip Hazarika , a school teacher, is shot dead by suspected ULFA militants at Kakopathar Harumechai village in the Tinsukia district. The same group also killed Bhoyen Moran, a resident of the adjoining Bormechai village.
  • March 9: ANLF, 'commander-in-chief' Nobin Marak alias Scorpion, and another cadre of the outfit are assassinated by an angry mob for trying to extort money at Cheran village in the East Garo Hills district.
  • March 10: Congress Legislature Party leader D.D. Lapang takes oath as the Meghalaya Chief Minister.
  • March 12: LAEF militants demanded INR ten million as ransom for releasing the abducted manager of a grocery shop, Devendar Prajati. He was abducted from his residence in Rongjeng in the East Garo Hills District on March 10.
  • March 27: Meghalaya police bust a joint camp run by Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) and National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) in Jaintia Hills. Six HNLC militants were arrested in the area and two others killed in an encounter at the joint camp.
  • March 27: The police arrest the three LAEF (Liberation of Achik Elite Force) militants during their extortion bid at Rongkhukre in coal-rich West Khasi Hills district.
  • March 28: Two Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) militants are gunned down and six others arrested. Three Liberation of A’chik Elite Force (LAEF) members are nabbed in a separate incident.
  • April 1: One LAEF cadre, identified as Salman Sangma, is arrested by the Meghalaya Police from Shahlang in the West Khasi Hills district.
  • April 3: Meghalaya Police arrested six persons, including rangbah shnongs (members of the traditional local-self government institutions) and businessmen, from different parts of the Jaintia Hills district for their suspected links with the HNLC.
  • April 23: Three persons, including two LAEF cadres, are booked under the Meghalaya Preventive Detention Act.
  • May 4: Security forces arrest Walter R. Sangma, personal bodyguard of the slain ‘chairman’ of the LAEF Peter Marak, at Sarangkol village in the Bajengdoba area. He confessed to having killed Peter in a hideout near Songsak in December 2007 over an argument about the share of looted money.
  • May 7: Meghalaya Police neutralised a transit camp of the ULFA after an encounter with cadres of the outfit at Bilbot near Malangkona village in the West Khasi Hills district along Meghalaya-Assam border.
  • May 21: Meghalaya Police arrests one hardcore HNLC cadre, Banteiborlang Lyngdoh Nonglait, from the coal belt areas at Nongjri near Borsora in the West Khasi Hills district.
  • May 26: Troops of the Border Security Force’s 35th battalion arrests one ULFA militant, Parameshwar Chandra Kotch, a Bangladeshi national, near the Chandabui outpost in the West Garo Hills district.
  • June 6: Border Security Force (BSF) personnel release 4 HNLC cadres in Tripura for "lack of evidence" who were arrested while entering Indian territory from Bangladesh without passport on May 16.
  • June 12: Four surrendered HNLC cadres reveal that Phershal Khongwang, Dawki unit president of the Khasi Students' Union (KSU), was abducted and later killed by HNLC cadre, Hep Khoit, along with two of his accomplices, Bol Khonglah and Jop Lamin, in Bangladesh in 2007.
  • June 29: Police arrest two HNLC militants, who infiltrate from their hideouts in Bangladesh, from Mawkyrwat village in the West Khasi Hills district. Both the militants were sent to India by their outfit to extort money from coal exporters and other businessmen in the district.
  • June 30: Meghalaya Police and Army arrest 2 LAEF cadres, Anju Sangma and Christian A. Marak, during a joint search operation along Assam-Meghalaya border.
  • July 1: The dead body of Nicheng Sangma, self-styled ‘commander-in-chief’ of the LAEF, is recvered by Meghalaya Police near a camp of the outfit at Parasin in the East Garo Hills district. Police also recover three AK-47 assault rifles from the incident site. Earlier, police arrested two suspected LAEF cadres, Anju Sangma and Christian Sangma, from Pengkasot village. They revealed that Nicheng was killed by the LAEF cadres over the leadership issue.
  • July 11: One LAEF militant, Sengba W. Momin, is arrested by Meghalaya Police from Tura in the West Garo Hills district. Momin confessed for his involvement in the abduction of a trader, Bendra Prajaparti, from Rongjeng in the East Garo Hills district on March 10. He is also accused of hurling a grenade at Wagesi Weigh Bridge on May 26 and killing a person at Nonchram on the same day.
  • July 17: One NDFB cadre belonging to the Khasi group, identified as Jklis Mawphniang, surrenders before the Army and Meghalaya Police in Shillong. Hailing from the Ri-Bhoi district in Meghalaya, he was operating as an ‘area commander’ of the outfit at Kokrajhar in Assam. He deposited two revolvers during the time of his surrender.
  • July 19: Unidentified militants abduct a trader, Vinod Kumar Khemka, while returning from West Khasi Hills, from Upper Shillong. The militants initially asked for INR 7000000 for Khamka’s release, and later reduced the ransom amount to INR 2000000.
  • July 22: Suspected militants release the abducted trader, Vinod Kumar Khemka, at Lai Mer in Upper Shillong.
  • July 23: The Khasi Students’ Union (KSU) observe black flag day protesting the abduction of its circle president Fairshall Kongwang, who disappeared from Shyiap, a picnic spot near the Indo-Bangladesh border on December 16, 2007.
  • July 29: Three persons, involved in cross-border arms smuggling, are arrested by Meghalaya Police in the West Garo Hills district. One self-loading rifle and counterfeit currency notes worth INR 44,000 are recovered from their possession.
  • August 2: One senior ULFA leader is arrested from Tura Super Market.
  • August 4: The senior ULFA cadre Dharmen Hajong, nabbed from Tura market, committed suicide inside the police lock up.
  • August 12: The HNLC calls for a general strike from August 14 in Meghalaya in protest agonist the Independence Day celebrations on August 15.
  • August 17: Two HNLC cadres, including one identified as Command Lytan alias Commando, are arrested by police from Shillong Club for attempting to extort money from some traders. They have demanded money from INR 300000 to INR 500000 from the traders of Jaintia Hills.
  • September 4: Four DHD (Nunisa faction) and one NDFB are arrested from different parts of Meghalaya.
  • September 13: One LAEF and one Meghalaya People’s Liberation Front cadre arrested by Meghalaya Police in two separate operations at Bajengdoba and Dudhnoi.
  • September 28: ‘Deputy commander-in-chief' of the newly formed militant outfit Achik National Social Defend (ANSD), identified as Arbinus Marak, along with a Bangladeshi national, is arrested by police.
  • September 29: One school boy, abducted by PLF-M militants from his residence in Kharkutta 15 days ago, is released by the militants in Dolonggiri area of West Garo Hills district.
  • September 30: Two NDFB militants, G. Rapid and B Phukan, are handed over by the Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) to Meghalaya Police at Dalu in the East Garo Hills district.
  • October 3: One cadre of the Bangladesh based Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS), identified as Mohammed Habibur Rohman, is arrested, after he infiltrates into Bholaganj village near Shella in the East Khasi Hills district from Sunamganj district of Bangladesh.
  • October 6: One HLNC cadre, Bantei Sohtun alias Pyrkhat, surrenders before the Border Security Force (BSF) Inspector General P.K. Mishra in Shillong.
  • October 11: A suspected HuJI militant is arrested by Meghalaya Police from Bholaganj near Shella in the East Khasi Hills district.
  • October 12: Self-styled ‘commander-in-chief’ of the PLF-M, identified as Pollendro Marak, is shot dead by the East Garo Hills district police.
  • October 15: A HNLC cadre, Kyntiew Kupar War, surrenders before Meghalaya Police at Dawki. He was involved in a number of extortion ceases in the coal belt region at Lyngngam in the West Khasi Hills district.
  • November 3: ‘Second lieutenant’ of the HNLC, identified as Shandor Phanbuh alias Antony, is arrested by Meghalaya Police from Jingkieng Mawlai. Shandor is also the ‘camp commander’ of the outfit in Chittagong Hill tracts of Bangladesh.
  • November 10: LAEF cadre Sail R. Marak is arrested by Meghalaya Police from Nangalbibra in the South Garo Hills district.
  • November 12: One suspected HuJI cadre, Salim Ahmed is captured by members of Khliehriat unit of the Khasi Students Union from Rymbai road at Lad Rymbai in the Jaintia Hills district. Salim is later handed over to police.
  • November 12: The ban on HNLC is extended by two years by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS). The ban is also extended on ULFA and NDFB for their involvement in October 30 serial bomb blasts. The existing ban on the HNLC expires on November 15.
  • November 14: The Jaintia Hills District Police recover 50 gelatin sticks and 35 detonators during a search operation in the residence of a person, Mohammed Sukur Ali alias Sukur Ahmed, at Ladrymbai under Jowai police station. Sukur was arrested from the incident site.
  • November 18: Nine LAEF (Liberation A’chik Elite Force) ultras nabbed by Meghalaya police from Pillangkata in Meghalaya, bordering Assam. One of the arrested militants is identified as “area commander” of East Zone, Sengrak Momin, who is the third in the hierarchy of the outfit.
  • December 1: Three members of banned Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council are arrested in raids near Borsora in West Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya.
  • December 1: An activist of the Liberation Achik Elite Force (LAEF) is arrested near Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district.
  • December 3: The ANVC is carrying out an extortion drive with support from the NSCN-IM in the coal belt areas of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills. "The ANVC and NSCN (IM) equally share the extorted amount," said police sources.
  • December 3: One senior HNLC cadre, Marshal Roy Kharkongor alias Bah Arol, surrenders before Umkiang police at Jowai in the Jaintia Hills District.
  • December 5: Police foil an extortion drive of the HNLC in the Borsora –Nongjri-Nonghyllam coal belts — following interception of calls from Bangladesh.
  • December 7: In an encounter between police and militants, a Special Operations Team constable, R.D. Sangma, and the 'commander-in-chief' of the LAEF, Kimrey K. Sangma, are killed at Damit village near Shahlang in the West Khasi Hills District.

2007

  • April 12: Three surrendered HNLC cadres, Khainborlang Kharwaniang, Mayborn Rapthap and Victor Rumnong, are arrested from different parts of Shillong in connection with the abduction of six persons on February 22.
  • July 24: HNLC chairman Julius K. Dorphangalong and four of his bodyguards surrender before security forces in state capital Shillong. However, no weapons are deposited by the HNLC insurgents.
  • August 17: ANVC organizing secretary Bernard Marak is arrested by the police on charges of extortion. The arrest takes place at Tura in West Garo Hills district.
  • August 25: An Achik National Liberation Front militant, Rating, is arrested from the Byrnihat area of Ri-Bhoi district.
  • August 25: A self-styled ‘area commander’ of the ANVC, identified as Sohan D. Shira, surrenders in an unspecified place in Meghalaya.
  • October 30: Five HNLC insurgents are shot dead by police personnel during an encounter at Cleave Colony in the East Khasi Hills district. Police sources later said the insurgents planned to kill the outfit’s surrendered chairman Julius Dorphang.
  • November 7: A Deputy Superintendent of Police Raymond Diengdoh and a HNLC insurgent identified as Jokey are killed in an encounter at a remote village in Rio-Bhoi district of Meghalaya.
  • November 9: A top-ranking ULFA militant, identified as 'sergeant major' of the outfit’s '109 battalion' Ratul Rabha, is arrested from Oidoba village near the Meghalaya-Assam border in Meghalaya's West Garo Hills district.
  • November 22: The ‘organising secretary’ of the ANVC, identified as Bernard N. Marak alias Torik Jangnang, is released. On August 17, he was arrested for his involvement in extortion at Tura market.
  • December 30: Meghalaya Police states that Phersial Kongwang, the Khasi Students Union’s (KSU) Dawki Circle president, was abducted and later taken to Bangladesh by an HNLC militants HNLC militant.
  • December 31: Police sources claim that HNLC is behind the abduction of Khasi Students Union leader Fairshal Khongwang. However, the outfit denies any involvement in the abduction.

2006

  • March 24: The ANVC calls for the formation of a separate state known as ' Garoland State' for the Garos in Meghalaya.
  • April 26: Suspected UANF cadres abduct two senior customs officials, Superintendent D. Bora and Inspector Mrinal Sharma, at Baburambeel border area in the West Garo Hills district.
  • April 27: Officials of the Gasuapara Customs Land Station receive an extortion note demanding Rupees 1.5 crores from suspected UANF militants across the India-Bangladesh border for releasing two abducted officials.
  • May 16: The South Garo Hills district police rescue a woman abducted by the ANLF militants from Rangran in the West Khasi Hills district on May 14 and in the ensuing encounter kill a cadre of the outfit.
  • May 22: 12 UANF cadres surrender before the Deputy Inspector General of Police ( Western Range), F. D. Sangma, at Tura, headquarters of the West Garo Hills district.
  • June 22: Meghalaya Government confirms the death of the United Achik National Front’s ‘chief’, Nimush Marak, in the June 12 encounter at Rangamati hideout in Bangladesh bordering Gasuapara village of South Garo Hills district.
  • December 29: Two UANF militants, ‘general secretary’ Bromit A. Sangma and Treson M Sangma, surrenders before the West Garo Hills Police at Tura.

2005

  • January 24: An armed group of HNLC insurgents loot Rs. 93 lakhs from the Meghalaya Co-operative Apex Bank branch at Khliehriat in Jaintia Hills district.
  • January 30: Three cadres belonging to the United Achik National Front (UANF), including its 'commander-in-chief', Jeffry T Sangma, are killed during an encounter with the police at Lukhipara in the West Garo Hills district.
  • February 20: ANVC insurgents set free Borsora Land Custom Station Superintendent L.H. Faihrem at Tila Basti in East Khasi Hills district. Abducted on October 9 2003, he remained in captivity for more than four months.
  • March 25: Man Bahadur Pradhan, manager of a coal export firm of Sutnga in the Jaintia Hills district, is abducted by suspected HNLC militants.
  • March 25: HNLC insurgents abduct Man Bahadur Pradhan, manager of a coal export firm at Sutnga in Jaintia Hills district.
  • July 2: An Indian Forest Service (IFS) official, D Sathyen, is released unharmed by ANVC insurgents after a fortnight in captivity, in South Garo Hills district. Abducted on June 18, ANVC had placed a ransom demand of Rs. fifteen lakhs for the official’s release.
  • July 25: The finance secretary of HNLC, Yit Sun, and five other insurgents surrender before the police in Shillong.
  • September 26: HNLC’s publicity secretary Mihsalan Kynjing alias Mangkara Dkhar surrenders before the police
  • November 6: Two ANVC militants, M. Marak and N. Momin, who had escaped from the Chokpot cease-fire camp, are killed by the troops near Thapha in the East Garo Hills district.
  • December 23: The vice-chairman of HNLC, Teilang Thangkhiew, is arrested by the police from a hideout at Pohkseh in capital Shillong.

2004

  • January 14: Fourteen Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) cadres surrender before the Meghalaya Chief Minister D.D. Lapang in Shillong.
  • February 13: Four ANVC militants are killed in an encounter near Phulbari in the West Garo Hills district.
  • March 16: 28 HNLC militants, including two women cadres, lay down arms before Meghalaya Chief Minister D D Lapang at the Meghalaya Police Training Center at Mawiong in the East Khasi Hills district.
  • June 18: Suspected ANVC militants abduct Forest Officer, D. Satyan, from his house at Baghmara in the South Garo Hills district.
  • June 23: The ANVC denies any links to the abduction of Satyan, District Forest Officer of Balpakram National Park.
  • July 2: The abducted Indian Forest Service official, D Satyan, is released unharmed in the South Garo Hills district after about a fortnight amidst claims by the State Government that no ransom had been paid to the abductors.
  • August 3: 28 HNLC militants surrender before Chief Minister D D Lapang in Shillong.
  • October 4: Suspected NDFB and HULA militants abduct two traders from Myllim village near Garobadha in West Garo Hills district.
  • October 25: A HULA militant is killed in an encounter at Monabari in West Garo Hills district.
  • December 1: National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) militants kill five villagers, including three members of a family, and injure another at Lutubari under Tura police station limits in the West Garo Hills district.

2003

  • February 26: Deben Singh Rana, a Subsidiary Intelligence Bureau Assistant Director and three other persons abducted by ANVC insurgents are rescued by the police from Tura in West Garo Hills district.
  • February 28: ANVC and NDFB insurgents abduct six coal exporters and a customs official from customs station at Ghasuapara in South Garo Hills district.
  • March 24: NDFB sets free the four remaining coal exporters, following the escape of two other exporters from its unidentified hideout in Meghalaya. ANVC and NDFB militants had abducted the six and a customs official from Gasupara in the South Garo Hills district on February 28.
  • April 29: Three ANVC insurgents, including an ‘area commander’, surrender before the police at Sonapahar village in the West Khasi Hills district.
  • May 14: The assistant finance secretary of HNLC, Heston Bohphang, is arrested from his residence at Umpling in capital Shillong.
  • June 7: Two HNLC insurgents, including the general secretary of HNLC’s finance wing, are arrested by Meghalaya police from Nongrim Hills locality of capital Shillong.
  • June 14: Paul Lyngdoh, a senior finance wing member of HNLC, is arrested by Meghalaya police from a hideout near Nongthymmai in Shillong.
  • June 27: Meghalaya police place under arrest a former state minister and senior Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader, Adolf Lu Hitler Marak, in state capital Shillong for his alleged links with ANVC.
  • August 20: The political secretary of HNLC, Mardor Bamon, is arrested by police from Mawlai in East Khasi Hills district.
  • September 10: ANVC insurgents release the manager of Bajengdoba branch of SBI after nine days in captivity. Bajengdoba is located in East Garo Hills district.
  • September 27: The western wing commander-in-chief of HNLC, Delphinus Myrthong, is killed in an encounter with security forces near Nongstoin in West Khasi Hills district.
  • September 27: Eight ANVC militants are killed in two separate encounters in the West Garo Hills district.
  • October 15: The publicity wing secretary of HNLC, Edward Charles Synder, is arrested by police from a cyber café in capital Shillong.

2002

  • March 1: Two persons, a prominent businessman and a manager of a construction company, are abducted by ANVC insurgents from Chibinang in West Garo Hills district.
  • March 6: HNLC insurgents attack the office of the Superintendent of Police of East Khasi Hills district. However, no casualty is reported.
  • March 14: Four police personnel and as many civilians lose their lives in an attack by ANVC insurgents in West Garo Hills district.
  • June 30: Insurgents belonging to ANVC kill Meghalaya Forest Minister Monindra Rava's son, Devajyoti Rava, and four others at a place between Belguri and Abhiram Para near Tikrikilla in Meghalaya.
  • August 13: Unidentified militants ambush a truck and massacre at least 15 persons and injured 25 others at Raksamgiri in the West Garo Hills district.
  • September 9: A Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP ) and five other police personnel lose their lives in an ambush laid by ANVC insurgents at Chocpot in Garo Hills.
  • October 5: Meghalaya Chief Minister F A Khonglam discloses that three Ministers from the Garo Hills region have close links with the banned ANVC. The Ministers belong to the Congress and Nationalist Congress Party (NCP).
  • December 19: ANVC insurgents abduct a doctor, P. Bezbaruah, from Williamnagar in East Garo Hills district. A ransom demand of two million is placed for his release.

2001

  • January 5: HNLC insurgents attack a businss establishment in Shillong, killing five civilians and injuring four others.
  • January 30: 13 ANVC ‘lance corporals’ surrender at Tura and are given monetary incentives as part of the Government’s rehabilitation package for surrendered militants.
  • March 1: HNLC insurgents abduct a Seng Khasi leader Rijoy Khongshah. He is killed three days later on March 4.
  • August 8: Peoples’ Liberation Front-Meghalaya (PLF-M), a militant outfit headed by Vincent Sangma, is renamed as Achik National Council (ANC).
  • August 10: In a joint ambush by ANVC and NDFB insurgents , five police personnel are killed near Songsak in East Garo Hills District.
  • October 23: HNLC chairman Julius K. Dorphang informs that the outfit has killed Ching Thangkhiew, the commander-in-chief of an insurgent outfit called North East Red Army (NERA), for allegedly assisting security force personnel.
  • November 20: Insurgents belonging to ANVC abduct a Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO) of Meghalaya Government from Waribok near Rongrang in West Garo Hills district.

1998

  • October: Five security force personnel are killed and over Rs. 100,000 is looted by ANVC insurgents in an attack in East Garo hills district.

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