AGRICULTURE

Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of Tripura. Nearly 51 percent of the State’s population depends on agriculture for its livelihood. The main agricultural crops grown in the state are rice, maize, wheat, pulses, oilseeds, jute and mesta. Tripura produces several delicious fruits that add to the economic strength of the state. The warm and humid climatic condition of Tripura is perfect for producing plenty of fruits, spices and vegetables. Rubber and tea are also produced in some parts of Tripura. The state has been declared the second rubber capital of India after Kerala by the Indian Rubber Board.

Land use classification in Tripura

Sl. No.

Land Use Classification

In Hectare

1

Geographical area

10,49,169

2

Area under forests

6,29,266

3

Area not available for cultivation (3.1+3.2)

1,39,163

3.1

Area put to non-agricultural uses

1,37,320

3.2

Barren & unculturable land

1843

4

Other uncultivated land excluding fallowland (4.1+4.2+4.3)

20806

4.1

Permanent pastures & other grazing lands

3252

4.2

Land under Misc. tree crops & groves not included in net area sown

14214

4.3

Culturable waste land

3340

5

Fallow land (5.1+5.2)

5862

5.1

Fallow land other than current fallow

2120

5.2

Current fallow

3742

6

Net area sown

2,53,909

7

Total cropped area

4,45,681

8

Area sown more than once

1,34,150

Source: Economic Review of Tripura 2007-08.

(http://db.nedfi.com/content/agriculture-6)

Area, Production and Yield of Important Crops of Tripura in 2006-07
(Area in Hectares, Production in MT, Yield in Kg/Hectare)

 

Rice

Maize

Wheat

Pulses

Foodgrains

Groundnut

Potato

Area

2,52,897

2,123

1,023

5,361

 2,62,495

679

5,800

Production

 6,40,422

2,125

1,859

3,496

 6,30,037

687

84,563

Yield

2,532

1,001

1,847

652

2,400

1,012

14,580

 

 

Sesamum

Rape & Mustard

Oilseed

Jute

Mesta

Cotton

Sugarcane

Area

1,776

1,451

4,411

458

949

1,109

959

Production

896

1,062

3,018

3,734

6,810

1,504

46,678

Yield

505

732

684

8.15

7.18

1.36

48,674